Resources

  • Asia Foundation: Survey of the Afghan People, December 2016

    The 2016 Survey of the Afghan People polled 12,658 Afghan respondents from 16 ethnic groups across all 34 provinces, including insecure and physically challenging environments. The annual survey is the longest-running and broadest nationwide survey of Afghan attitudes and opinions. Since 2004, the Survey has gathered the opinions of more than 87,000 Afghan men and women, providing a unique longitudinal portrait of evolving public perceptions of security, the economy, governance and government services, elections, media, women’s issues, and migration. This year's edition finds a continued downward trajectory in national mood, with a record low 29.3% of Afghans saying that the country is moving in the right direction.

    PDF icon TAF 2016_Survey-of-the-Afghan-People.pdf
  • Brussels Conference on Afghanistan: communique of participants, October 2016

    On 5 October 2016, the 75 countries and 26 international organisations participating in the Brussels Conference on Afghanistan on 5 October 2016 issued a communiqué, renewing the partnership for prosperity and peace between the National Unity Government of Afghanistan and the international community. They underlined  their collective commitment to deepen and strengthen their cooperation to achieve Afghanistan's self-reliance in the transformation decade (2015-2024) and to create a political, social and economic environment that will allow Afghanistan to consolidate peace, security, sustainable development and prosperity. They noted that important progress has been achieved on Afghanistan's way to a functioning, accountable and increasingly sustainable state, but the substantial challenges that the country still faces require further efforts to safeguard and build on these joint achievements. 

    PDF icon BCA final communique.pdf
  • Integrity Watch Afghanistan: CSO Recommendations for Brussels Conference, September 2016

    Integrity Watch Afghanistan and other governance-focused civil society organisations have prepared recommendations ahead of the Brussels Conference on Afghanistan on 5th October. Based on consultations & meetings with H.E. President Ghani and his ministers, donors, civil society and leading organizations to assess the National Integrity System of Afghanistan, these recommendations are aimed at informing the  Afghan and International community about their commitments on how to move the governance agenda forward in the new Afghan National Peace and Development Framework (ANPDF).

    PDF icon Integrity Watch Afgh CSO Policy Recommendations Sept 2016.pdf
  • Global Witness: The Brussels Conference & Extractives in Afghanistan, August 2016

    Ahead of the Brussels Conference on Afghanistan on 5th October 2016, Global Witness have prepared this policy brief for the Afghan government and its international partners, regarding the need for governance strengthening and reform around the potentially lucrative extractives industry. 

    PDF icon GW Policy Brief - Brussels and the extractive industries in Afghanistan UPDATED August 25 2016.pdf
  • Global Witness: Afghanistan, lapis lazuli & the battle for mineral wealth, June 2016

    Global Witness's two year investigation reveals that lapiz lazuli mines in the northeastern province of Badakhshan are a major source of conflict and grievance, supplying millions of dollars of funding to armed groups, insurgents, and strongmen, and providing a tiny fraction of the benefit they should to the Afghan people.  Mining is implicated in violence from Balkh to Helmand. Nationally, it is thought to be the Taliban’s second largest source of revenue, while contributing less than 1% of state income in 2013. Armed groups made an estimated $12m from lapis in 2015.

    PDF icon GW war_in_the_treasury_mr1.pdf
  • AREU: A balancing act for extractive sector governance, May 2016

    Today, most extractive sector activities in Afghanistan are artisanal, small-, or medium-scale and up to 10,000 deposits remain out of government control. This is linked with continuing conflict and violence in the country, resulting in significant revenue losses from illegal extraction. On the other hand, this report highlights the practical challenges faced by civil society to play their role in improving transparency, accountability, and equitable sharing of the sector’s benefits include an unstable legal framework characterised by rushed development because of pressure to generate revenues internally, decreasing political will to implement the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative, and variable and decreasing role of CSOs.

    PDF icon AREU A Balancing Act for Extractive Sector Governance.pdf
  • SCA: Experience on civilian-military interaction & consequences of the military intervention on aid delivery,

    Ahead of the Swedish government's evaluation of its engagement in Afghanistan, the Swedish Committee for Afghanistan conducted research into an area of particular concern for them, civil-military cooperation. This minor qualitative interview-based study aims to give input to various questions around the impact of international military presence and actions on development initiatives.

    Beyond Incidents; SCA's Experience on Civilian-Military Interaction and Consequences of Military Intervention on Aid Delivery
  • SCA: Perspective of the SCA to the Inquiry on Sweden's engagement in Afghanistan, March 2016

    As with other countries, Sweden has conducted an evaluation of its intervention in Afghanistan from the period 2001-14.  The Swedish Committee for Afghanistan provided the following report, presenting their perspective on the contributions made both by their own programmes and the state of Sweden.  The report is based on their own internal reports and minutes and external op-eds, articles and other communications. 

    Concerning the Swedish and International Operations in Afghanistan 2001–2014: An SCA Perspective
  • Report of the UN Secretary General to the Security Council, March 2016

    Deteriorating security and an increasingly vocal political opposition placed increased pressure on the Government of Afghanistan, despite steps towards a possible peace process. The announcement of 15 October 2016 for parliamentary and district council elections brought renewed demands for electoral reforms. The Afghan National Defence and Security Forces continued to face significant challenges in effectively countering the threats of insurgent groups across the country. The Government of Afghanistan took steps to further its economic reform agenda in the context of persistent slow economic growth and emigration, and began preparations for the ministerial-level development conference in Brussels.

    PDF icon sg-report-7march2016.pdf
  • Global Witness: SMAF & the extractives industries in Afghanistan, February 2016

    This briefing paper, written ahead of the Brussels Conference on Afghanistan in October 2016, highlights how mining in Afghanistan, far from being an economic lifeline for the country, is being exploited by the Taliban, strongmen and others. Global Witness and Integrity Watch Afghanistan pose various recommendations to regulate the sector, increase transparency and reduce opportunities for mining income to fuel conflict. 

    PDF icon Policy Brief - SMAF and the extractive industries in Afghanistan February 2016.pdf
  • Government of Afghanistan: State of Afghan Cities report 2015, February 2016

    The population of Afghan cities is expected to double within the next 15 years and by 2060, one in every two Afghans will be living in cities. In order to manage such a transition accurate data and information is essential.This report provides the first-ever assessment of the conditions in all of Afghanistan’s 34 Provincial Capitals, home to over 8 million people. It shows that Afghan cities are a driving force of social and economic development, state-building and peace-building, yet their full potential has been constrained by the absence of an effective urban policy and regulatory framework, insufficient and poorly coordinated investment, and weak municipal governance and land management.Volume One is a narrative report highlighting key issues including municipal governance, the urban economy, access to land and housing and the urban environment. Volume Two contains maps and data for all 34 Provincial Capitals.

    PDF icon GIROA State of Afghan Cities 2015 Volume_1.pdf, PDF icon GIROA State of Afghan Cities 2015 Volume_2.pdf
  • USIP: What can be done to revive Afghanistan's economy?, February 2016

    Reviving the Afghan economy during a time of intensifying violent conflict, declining external financial aid, and ongoing political uncertainty and dysfunction will be extremely challenging. But the country cannot wait for these entrenched problems to be addressed. While keeping expectations modest, this report proposes some targeted, near-term measures to increase confidence and stimulate the economy. 

    PDF icon USIP-What-Can-Be-Done-to-Revive-Afghanistans-Economy Feb16.pdf
  • Corruption Free Afghanistan: Break the Corruption Chains, December 2015

    Corruption Free Afghanistan makes recommendations on how to combat corruption in Afghanistan. These include administrative reforms, improvements to adequate educational opportunities for Afghans in insecure areas of the country and better oversight mechanisms in the provincial education departments. The report says the damages corruption causes to developing countries like Afghanistan is astronomical. The report notes that corruption, bribery, theft and tax evasion cost $1.26 trillion for developing countries per year. The report notes that although Afghanistan has been classified as one of the most corrupt nations in the world for many years now, the Afghan government has not done enough to counter corruption and increase the government’s legitimacy.

    PDF icon Resolution _ AntiCorruption _ English.pdf, PDF icon Resolution _ AntiCorruption _ Dari.pdf, PDF icon Resolution _ AntiCorruption _ Pashto.pdf
  • AISS: Trends of radicalisation among the ranks of the Afghan National Police, November 2015

    AISS - the Afghan Institute for Strategic Studies - has conducted this research as the first part of a series of papers on radicalisation in the Afghan National Defence & Security Forces. Radicalization is broadly defined as constraints on both the perspective of individuals and their tolerance to ideology and practices which diverge and differentiate from their own political, religious and social beliefs.The report presents interesting findings on, amongst others, motivations for joining the police force, police perceptions of the Taliban and religious extremism and acceptance of women's and human rights. 

    PDF icon AISS Trends of Radicalization among the Ranks of Afghan National Police.pdf
  • Asia Foundation: Survey of the Afghan People, November 2015

    The Asia Foundation's Survey of the Afghan People is Afghanistan’s broadest and longest-running public opinion poll. After the first full year of Afghanistan’s National Unity Government, 9,586 Afghans from all 34 provinces share what they think about corruption, security, the economy, women’s rights, the Taliban. Some key findings include that a majority (82.3%) of respondents owned one or more mobile phones in their household, up from 41.5 percent in 2007. One-fifth of respondents nationwide report having someone in their household who has access to the internet. Nationwide, 36.7% nationwide say the country is moving in the right direction, down from 54.7% in 2014. 89.9% say that corruption is a problem in their daily lives, the highest percentage reported in a decade. Since 2011 the survey has asked respondents if they would leave Afghanistan, given the opportunity: this year, 39.9% of Afghans say yes, an increase from 33.8% in 2011; 57.9% say no. 

    PDF icon TAF Survey of the Afghan People Nov. 2015.pdf

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