Resources

  • CSJWG: Position Paper for London Conference, November 2014

    Ahead of the London Conference on Afghanistan, the Civil Society Joint Working Group (CSJWG), a membership network of local, community and grass-roots Afghan civil society organisations, prepared the paper below.  It highlights their review of the current situation, past achievements and future needs in the following thematic sections: Democratic reform; Governance, Rule of law and Human Rights; Government revenues, Budget execution and Sub-national Governance; Economic growth and Development; Continued partnership and Aid effectiveness; the Role of civil society.  

    PDF icon Civil-society-position-paper-london-conf-23Nov2014.pdf
  • Afghan CSOs: Support to Afghan Civil Society in the Decade of Transformation, November 2014

    Ahead of the London Conference on Afghanistan (4th December 2014), 22 Afghan civil society organisations (CSOs) collaborated to produce the attached briefing paper.  Amongst the numeous thematic papers produced by organisations, theirs focused more specifically on the role of civil society itself - to both support the new Afghan government in the delivery of reforms and services, but also to hold that government accountable on behalf of the Afghan people.  They present recommendations to the government and international community which could help civil society flourish and become a genuine partner in Afghanistan's future. 

    PDF icon Support to Afghan Civil Society in Decade of Transformation.pdf
  • Harakat: Private sector reform priorities for London Conference, November 2014

    Harakat is an independent, non-profit grant making organisation which aims to improve Afghanistan's business environment.  In October 2014 they organised in Kabul a large-scale workshop of Afghan business men and women to consider the private sector's priority reform recommendations to the new government. 47 recommendations came out of the workshop which were refined into 11 priority requests to be tabled at the private sector event of the London Conference.  These include 'one stop shops' for business owners to manage their business administration needs, increasing the availability of financing, develop policies and frameworks for public private partnerships and develop a national railway system. 

    PDF icon Harakat-Private Sector Reform Priorities for London Conference Nov14.pdf
  • The Lancet: Afghanistan has a sizeable problem with opioid use, October 2014

    This study, conducted under the auspices of the State Department's Afghanistan National Urban Drug Use Study, surveyed 2,187 randomly selected urban households about home use of both illegal and prescription drugs. Then they compared the self-reported drug use with biological tests taken from samples of hair provided by household members.  The study findings support concerns raised that Afghanistan has a high rate of drug usage — about 5.1 percent, or 1 in 20 people. Opioids and cannabis were the most popular.  

    PDF icon Lancet Afghanistan Drugs study Oct14.pdf
  • ACBAR: Transforming development beyond Transition, October 2014

    BAAG's partner in Afghanistan, ACBAR, have produced 4 thematic and 1 summary position paper for the London Conference on Afghanistan, on 4th December.  These papers reflect the progress made since their previous papers for the Tokyo conference in 2012, and highlight the continuing needs, challenges and recommendations.  Their papers are on Women's Rights, Aid Effectiveness, Service Delivery and Governance.  

    PDF icon Transforming Development Beyond Transition in Afghanistan AID EFFECTIVENESS.pdf, PDF icon Transforming Development Beyond Transition in Afghanistan GOVERNANCE.pdf, PDF icon Transforming Development Beyond Transition in Afghanistan SERVICE.pdf, PDF icon Transforming Development Beyond Transition in Afghanistan Womens Rights.pdf, PDF icon Transforming Development Beyond Transition in Afghanistan SUMMARY.pdf
  • InterAction: Human security in Afghanistan - where do we go from here?, October 2014

    InterAction, based in Washington, D.C., is an alliance organization of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), with 180-plus members working around the world. InterAction serves as a convener, thought leader and voice of the NGO community.  Ahead of the London Conference on Afghanistan (4th December 2014), their Humanitarian Practice prepared the attached briefing paper to highlight issues of aid effectiveness and development support requiring the attention of governments and donors. 

    PDF icon InterAction Afghanistan policy paper Oct 2014 pdf (1).pdf
  • Global Witness: Letter to President of Afghanistan regarding natural resources, October 2014

    Global Witness have long campaigned for stronger governance of Afghanistan's natural resources - seen by many as a key to the country's financial development but equally posing threats to corruption and continued insecurity.  Ahead of the London Conference on Afghanistan (4th December 2014), they wrote letters to the co-hosts, President Ashraf Ghani and Prime Minister David Cameron.  These letters explain the issues that could arise from current legislation and asks for commitment to the reform of these.  

    File 20141016 Tokyo CSO letter draft to President Ghani.docx
  • VCA Report on Pharmaceuticals importation process, October 2014

    With no registration or monitoring of pharmaceutical companies in many Afghan provinces, and a strong trade in smuggled counterfeit drugs, many Afghans face agonising choices when they require medical treatment.  Afghanistan's Independent Joint Anti-Corruption Monitoring and Evaluation Committee prepared this Vulnerability to Corruption Assessment (VCA) which found that generally corruption in the pharmaceutical importation process is facilitated and perpetuated by a combination of high import volume and low surveillance and monitoring capacity.

    PDF icon 2014_11_19_Pharmaceutical_VCA_ENGLISH.pdf
  • Asia Foundation: Survey of the Afghan People, October 2014

    The 10th survey by The Asia Foundation was conducted between 22 June and 8 July 2014, shortly after the presidential run-off elections.  9,271 Afghans from across all provinces were interviewed, 49.9% of whom were women.  The overall mood of the country was cautious optimism, though fewer felt the country was moving in the right direction compared to 2013 (54.7% down from 57.2%).  The biggest concerns nationally were insecurity, corruption and unemployment.  65.4% reported feeling fearful for their own or their family's safety at some point, continuing an upward trend since 2006. 

    PDF icon TAF Survey of the Afghan People 2014.pdf
  • ACF: Afghanistan - back to the reality of needs, September 2014

    Action Contre Faim (Action against Hunger) call for a shift in thinking by the international donors and community to address humanitarian and development financing.  Since 2012 the Afghan government took responsibility for disbursement of aid budgets - but were not supported sufficiently for doing so.  Subsequently funding decisions and mechanisms have impacted the quality and reach of aid and development programmes, to the detriment of local communities and the most vulnerable. Essential aid activities have suffered as a result of political decisions - ACF call on the Afghan government, international donors and NGOs to consider alternative policies and practices. 

    PDF icon ACF_Afghanistan_backtotherealityofneeds_sept14_reportBDef.pdf
  • Global Witness: Letter to NATO Secretary General regarding Afghanistan's natural resources governance, August 2014

    Global Witness and a coalition of Afghan and international civil society organisations, including BAAG, have written to the NATO Secretary General calling for a focus on natural resources governance in the upcoming September NATO summit.  With the international community placing high hopes on natural resources extraction to improve Afghanistan's economy, there are concerns that the current law, approved this month by President Karzai, does not go far enough to ensure accountability and transparency, and such ommissions may provide opportunities for increased insurgent activity in the sector. 

    PDF icon Global Witness CSO NATO Letter 20140821.pdf
  • IMC: Livelihoods needs assessment at returnee sites, August 2014

    IMC - the International Medical Corp - has long worked in the settlements for Afghan returnees in the Eastern region.  From 2010 to 2012 they delivered vocational training and literacy programmes. In order to effectively respond to the community’s current needs, IMC initiated a focus group discussion in the returnee sites of Nangarhar and Kunar.  Their findings revealed that returnees in the assessed sites have a very low income (e.g. between $70-80 a month), which has further dropped due to insecurity and election dilemma.  Due to a lack of jobs, the returnees’ food intake is low and there are cases where children have dropped out of school and are now engaged in child labor.  Overall, most of the returnees believe they had a better life while they were living as refugees in Pakistan compared to living in their own country.

    PDF icon IMC returnee livelihoods assessment Afghanistan.pdf
  • HPG: Negotiating perceptions - Al-Shabaab & Taliban views of aid agencies, July 2014

    Part of the HPGs project 'Humanitarian negotiations with armed non-state actors', this paper explores how both of these armed groups perceive aid agencies and the implications on humanitarian response in those areas.  When their decisions to grant or deny access to populations in need, these are life-saving challenges. 

    PDF icon HPG Negotiating perceptions Al-Shabaab and Taliban Jul14.pdf
  • BAAG/LSE: Afghanistan in the British Print Media, June 2014

    BAAG commissioned student researchers from the London School of Economics to review the last 5 years of coverage of Afghanistan by the British print/online news media.  The findings confirmed our suspicions - only 4.3% of news articles focused on aid and development in the country, the majority were focused on the war, conflict and military intervention.  Moreover, many of those few articles regarding aid and development presented these in a negative light.  With the fear that interest and therefore funding to Afghanistan will wane with the withdrawal of international combat troops, BAAG's report looks at the role of the media in rebalancing the narrative about Afghanistan's future. 

    PDF icon BAAG Report Afg British Media Jun14.pdf
  • AREU: Politics and Governance in Afghanistan - the Case of Nangarhar Province, June 2014

    Afghanistan’s government is often described as fragmented and fragile. However, the fact that the central government fails to function effectively in many instances, particularly beyond the capital, does not mean that there is disorder at the regional or provincial level.The first of three case studies, this paper examines the policies and programs that seek to bring the international community’s ideas of governance and service provision into being through investigating their intersections – and at times collisions – with existing power.  Looking at Nangarhar province, this research aims to look at sub-national governance and access to public goods. It seeks to understand the power relations at play, attempting to separate how government functions in reality from narratives created by the international community about how governance systems should function. 

    PDF icon AREU Politics Governance in Afg the Case of Nangarhar Province.pdf

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