Resources

  • InterAction: Human security in Afghanistan - where do we go from here?, October 2014

    InterAction, based in Washington, D.C., is an alliance organization of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), with 180-plus members working around the world. InterAction serves as a convener, thought leader and voice of the NGO community.  Ahead of the London Conference on Afghanistan (4th December 2014), their Humanitarian Practice prepared the attached briefing paper to highlight issues of aid effectiveness and development support requiring the attention of governments and donors. 

    PDF icon InterAction Afghanistan policy paper Oct 2014 pdf (1).pdf
  • Global Witness: Letter to President of Afghanistan regarding natural resources, October 2014

    Global Witness have long campaigned for stronger governance of Afghanistan's natural resources - seen by many as a key to the country's financial development but equally posing threats to corruption and continued insecurity.  Ahead of the London Conference on Afghanistan (4th December 2014), they wrote letters to the co-hosts, President Ashraf Ghani and Prime Minister David Cameron.  These letters explain the issues that could arise from current legislation and asks for commitment to the reform of these.  

    File 20141016 Tokyo CSO letter draft to President Ghani.docx
  • VCA Report on Pharmaceuticals importation process, October 2014

    With no registration or monitoring of pharmaceutical companies in many Afghan provinces, and a strong trade in smuggled counterfeit drugs, many Afghans face agonising choices when they require medical treatment.  Afghanistan's Independent Joint Anti-Corruption Monitoring and Evaluation Committee prepared this Vulnerability to Corruption Assessment (VCA) which found that generally corruption in the pharmaceutical importation process is facilitated and perpetuated by a combination of high import volume and low surveillance and monitoring capacity.

    PDF icon 2014_11_19_Pharmaceutical_VCA_ENGLISH.pdf
  • ACF: Afghanistan - back to the reality of needs, September 2014

    Action Contre Faim (Action against Hunger) call for a shift in thinking by the international donors and community to address humanitarian and development financing.  Since 2012 the Afghan government took responsibility for disbursement of aid budgets - but were not supported sufficiently for doing so.  Subsequently funding decisions and mechanisms have impacted the quality and reach of aid and development programmes, to the detriment of local communities and the most vulnerable. Essential aid activities have suffered as a result of political decisions - ACF call on the Afghan government, international donors and NGOs to consider alternative policies and practices. 

    PDF icon ACF_Afghanistan_backtotherealityofneeds_sept14_reportBDef.pdf
  • Global Witness: Letter to NATO Secretary General regarding Afghanistan's natural resources governance, August 2014

    Global Witness and a coalition of Afghan and international civil society organisations, including BAAG, have written to the NATO Secretary General calling for a focus on natural resources governance in the upcoming September NATO summit.  With the international community placing high hopes on natural resources extraction to improve Afghanistan's economy, there are concerns that the current law, approved this month by President Karzai, does not go far enough to ensure accountability and transparency, and such ommissions may provide opportunities for increased insurgent activity in the sector. 

    PDF icon Global Witness CSO NATO Letter 20140821.pdf
  • IMC: Livelihoods needs assessment at returnee sites, August 2014

    IMC - the International Medical Corp - has long worked in the settlements for Afghan returnees in the Eastern region.  From 2010 to 2012 they delivered vocational training and literacy programmes. In order to effectively respond to the community’s current needs, IMC initiated a focus group discussion in the returnee sites of Nangarhar and Kunar.  Their findings revealed that returnees in the assessed sites have a very low income (e.g. between $70-80 a month), which has further dropped due to insecurity and election dilemma.  Due to a lack of jobs, the returnees’ food intake is low and there are cases where children have dropped out of school and are now engaged in child labor.  Overall, most of the returnees believe they had a better life while they were living as refugees in Pakistan compared to living in their own country.

    PDF icon IMC returnee livelihoods assessment Afghanistan.pdf
  • HPG: Negotiating perceptions - Al-Shabaab & Taliban views of aid agencies, July 2014

    Part of the HPGs project 'Humanitarian negotiations with armed non-state actors', this paper explores how both of these armed groups perceive aid agencies and the implications on humanitarian response in those areas.  When their decisions to grant or deny access to populations in need, these are life-saving challenges. 

    PDF icon HPG Negotiating perceptions Al-Shabaab and Taliban Jul14.pdf
  • BAAG: Consolidated lessons learnt from donor conferences, June 2014

    BAAG is organising a large scale civil society conference ahead of the London Conference on Afghanistan which will take place in the UK towards the end of 2014, co-hosted by the UK and Afghan governments.  As part of our planning and consultation process, we contacted various organisations involved in previous donor conferences on Afghanistan, such as those held in London, Bonn and Tokyo.  This report captures their feedback on the challenges faced in ensuring Afghan civil society has a voice in such conferences, but also indicates how progressive improvements have been made in recent years. 

    PDF icon Consolidated lessons learnt re. donor conferences 210514.pdf
  • BAAG/LSE: Afghanistan in the British Print Media, June 2014

    BAAG commissioned student researchers from the London School of Economics to review the last 5 years of coverage of Afghanistan by the British print/online news media.  The findings confirmed our suspicions - only 4.3% of news articles focused on aid and development in the country, the majority were focused on the war, conflict and military intervention.  Moreover, many of those few articles regarding aid and development presented these in a negative light.  With the fear that interest and therefore funding to Afghanistan will wane with the withdrawal of international combat troops, BAAG's report looks at the role of the media in rebalancing the narrative about Afghanistan's future. 

    PDF icon BAAG Report Afg British Media Jun14.pdf
  • AREU: Politics and Governance in Afghanistan - the Case of Nangarhar Province, June 2014

    Afghanistan’s government is often described as fragmented and fragile. However, the fact that the central government fails to function effectively in many instances, particularly beyond the capital, does not mean that there is disorder at the regional or provincial level.The first of three case studies, this paper examines the policies and programs that seek to bring the international community’s ideas of governance and service provision into being through investigating their intersections – and at times collisions – with existing power.  Looking at Nangarhar province, this research aims to look at sub-national governance and access to public goods. It seeks to understand the power relations at play, attempting to separate how government functions in reality from narratives created by the international community about how governance systems should function. 

    PDF icon AREU Politics Governance in Afg the Case of Nangarhar Province.pdf
  • IWA: National Corruption Survey, May 2014

    Integrity Watch Afghanistan, an Afghan civil society organisation operating since 2005, releases their Corrption Survey every 2 years.  Their 2014 report shows that after insecurity, corruption has become the second biggest concern for Afghans.  It highlights a strong link between corruption and insecurity. Bribery, the most common form of corruption, has nearly doubled in last four years reaching close to $2billion. Judiciary and police are seen as most corruption institutions while Ministry of Education is ranked 3rd. In general, citizens’ access to public services has improved but in paying bribes the survey has found the financial burden of corruption on households has increased.

    PDF icon IWA national_corruption_survey_2014_english.pdf
  • Save the Children: State of the World's Mothers, May 2014

    2014 sees Afghanistan rising to 146/178 countries in terms of it's maternal health and support - this is a huge improvement on it's bottom ranking in both 2010 and 2011.  Save the Children's report highlights the plight of maternal healthcare in conflict-affected countries and reports on how Afghanistan looks set to achieve the Millenium Development Goal on maternal health. 

    PDF icon State of the Worlds Mothers 2014.pdf
  • AREU: The A to Z Guide to Assistance in Afghanistan 12th edition, May 2014

    The twelfth edition of the A to Z Guide. This seminal document provides an extensive glossary of assistance terms, an overview of Afghanistan’s system of government, key primary documents, and an extensive contact directory that includes government agencies, NGOs, donors and international actors.

    PDF icon AREU A to Z 2014.pdf
  • E-International Relations: Aid Rentierism & State Building in Afghanistan, May 2014

    PhD student Sarajuddin Isar provides analysis on how the Afghan government's dependence on international aid has adversely affected its state building efforts.

    PDF icon Sarajuddin, A Blessing or a Curse.pdf
  • IRC: What next for Afghanistan? April 2014

    IRC conducted indepth interviews with over 100 of their national Afghan staff to understand their perspectives, and those of the communities in which they live and work, regarding current and anticipated security and development issues.  Their comments form the basis of this detailed study of Afghanistan in 2014, as international troops withdraw, a new government is elected and as the international community takes stock of progress to date.  The report also provides practical recommendations for the international community, including: Make a long-term commitment to the people of Afghanistan; break the cycle of displacement and continue to offer refuge, resettlement and asylum to vulnerable Afghans who cannot yet safely return home; use limited resources effectively by coordinating and sharing information so that assistance is more targeted and reaches all in need. 

    PDF icon IRC What next for Afghanistan.pdf

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