Resources

  • State of the world’s emergencies: A briefing for UK parliamentarians, October 2017

    This briefing has been put together by a significant number of international non-governmental organisations (NGOs) under the leadership of Bond’s Humanitarian and Conflict Policy groups. These NGOs are either actively operational in these contexts or working to raise awareness in the UK of the challenges faced by people experiencing humanitarian disasters, conflict and upheaval. Afghanistan is featured in a section of this report where it describes its fragility and its need for continuos international support. 

    PDF icon bond_state_of_the_worlds_emergencies_2017.pdf
  • Brussels Conference on Afghanistan: communique of participants, October 2016

    On 5 October 2016, the 75 countries and 26 international organisations participating in the Brussels Conference on Afghanistan on 5 October 2016 issued a communiqué, renewing the partnership for prosperity and peace between the National Unity Government of Afghanistan and the international community. They underlined  their collective commitment to deepen and strengthen their cooperation to achieve Afghanistan's self-reliance in the transformation decade (2015-2024) and to create a political, social and economic environment that will allow Afghanistan to consolidate peace, security, sustainable development and prosperity. They noted that important progress has been achieved on Afghanistan's way to a functioning, accountable and increasingly sustainable state, but the substantial challenges that the country still faces require further efforts to safeguard and build on these joint achievements. 

    PDF icon BCA final communique.pdf
  • Swedish Committee for Afghanistan: Development Gains in Education, September 2016

    The Swedish Committee for Afghanistan presents a joint NGO-endorsed briefing paper, highlighting the challenges still faced in the Afghan education sector ahead of the upcoming Brussels Conference. Its main ask is for international donors to increase the size and commitment of their pledges targeted at education development, in order to support the Afghan government in meeting its development indicators and as well as safeguarding the progress already achieved from increasing security threats. The priorities and recommendations in this briefing paper were formed from regional and Kabul-based consultations with grassroots organisations, high-profile NGOs and government officials. From these it highlights five priority areas: safeguarding education facilities, ensuring aid effectiveness, vocational training, school attendance rates and teacher training.

    PDF icon Swedish Committee for Afghanistan BCA briefing paper-upd.pdf
  • HRW: Education on the Front Lines, August 2016

    Human Rights Watch state that Afghan security forces are increasingly using schools as bases during military operations in Taliban-held areas, putting children at risk and depriving thousands of an education. Their report documents the occupation and other military use of schools by state forces and the Taliban in Baghlan province in northeastern Afghanistan. It is based on interviews with more than more than 20 school principals, teachers, and administrators, as well as local families affected by the conflict.Under the laws of war, schools are civilian objects that are not subject to attack unless they are being used for military purposes. Unnecessary use of schools by military forces is contrary to the global Safe Schools Declaration, which Afghanistan endorsed in 2015. The declaration urges parties to armed conflicts “not to use schools and universities for any purpose in support of the military effort.”

    PDF icon HRW Education on the Frontlines Aug16.pdf
  • OCHA: Humanitarian Bulletin - Child Malnutrition, July 2016

    In their regular Humanitarian Bulletin, UN OCHA present the stark facts about child malnutrition, Afghanistan's 'silent killer'. The Afghanistan Nutrition Cluster estimates 2.7 million people are affected by malnutrition including one million children under five with an acute state of malnutrition in need of treatment. While rarely cited as a leading cause, malnutrition is the hidden contributing factor in about 45 per cent of all child deaths.

    PDF icon OCHA hum bulletin malnutrition_july_2016.pdf
  • MOPH: Vulnerability to Corruption in the Afghan Ministry of Public Health, June 2016

    This Special Report was undertaken by the Independent Joint Anti-Corruption Monitoring and Evaluation Committee (MEC) at the request of the Minister of Public Health, Dr. Ferozudin Feroz. The report assesses the extent of corruption risks in the Afghan health system; identifies where these vulnerabilities exist; and draws important lessons and makes recommendations on how to counter corruption risks. Dealing with corruption in the health system could do more to improve the health of the nation than any other single factor.

    PDF icon MOPH_Special_Report_vulnerability corruption(English).pdf
  • Samuel Hall: Urban Displaced Youth in Kabul - Mental Health Matters, June 2016

    Youth and their households may not be well versed in the requirements of Afghan cities. They may not have the contacts or networks to secure jobs. As this three-part study reveals, youth mainly turn to community leaders and religious leaders for advice, as they consider their parents ill-equipped to support them. This study reveals the invisible trauma of conflict on the young generation, the geographic boundaries and borders within a city that divides neighbourhoods and limits options offered to youth, the marginalization and isolation of the displaced youth in particular who suffer from mental health needs that are now increasingly being voiced, and the rise of criminality and urban insecurity that make all – especially female youth – insecure.

    PDF icon Samuel Hall UDY-Chapter-1-Mental-Health.pdf
  • UNAMA: Education & Healthcare at risk, April 2016

    Children in Afghanistan increasingly struggle to access healthcare and education. Jointly produced by the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) and UNICEF, this report documents how conflict-related violence, threats and intimidation by all parties to the conflict harmed health and education personnel, reduced the availability of healthcare, and limited children’s access to essential health and education services. The report covers the three-year period, 1 January 2013 to 31 December 2015.

    PDF icon UNAMA education_and_healthcare_at_risk Apr16.pdf
  • AREU: The Political Economy of Education & Health Service Delivery, February 2016

    Political settlements affect service delivery in Afghanistan, according to this AREU research study examining the health and education sectors of Afghanistan. This study tested the hypothesis that the character of political settlements at various levels (primary, secondary, and sectoral) may partly explain the varying delivery outcomes across the country. The study first assesses interference with service delivery by insurgents and local strongmen, finding largely affirmative responses in this respect, and then examines the variations in secondary settlements in the three provincial case studies. Finally, the study explores how local elites and government officials attempt to manage and control service delivery for their own ends.

    PDF icon AREU The Political Economy of Education and Health Service Delivery in Afghanistan.pdf
  • AREU: Household Water Insecurity, December 2015

    Some recent WHO/UNICEF reports have indicated that the MDG for access to safe drinking water has been achieved in Afghanistan, far ahead of schedule. This discussion paper by AREU  suggests that such claims should be taken with great caution. The paper identifies a number of issues regarding how progress towards the MDG on ‘sustainable access to safe drinking water’ has been established for Afghanistan. These issues include inflated data (as found in influential reports from the WHO/UNICEF), methodological discrepancies between different national surveys, biased trend assessments, and unrealistic assumptions about the long-term sustainability of existing water systems.Based on the key points brought to light, the paper suggests a number of policy recommendations.

    PDF icon AREU Household Water Insecurity.pdf
  • HealthProm/BAAG: Maternal mortality reported trends in Afghanistan: too good to be true?, December 2015

    BAAG member HealthProm have written this paper jointly with BAAG and 3 leading maternal health experts. It raises their concerns regarding statements that Afghanistan has achieved MDG5a, to reduce maternal mortality by 75%. The paper asserts that such claims are too good to be true, and points to problematic survey methodologies which may have led to inaccurate figures. With overall funding reductions to Afghanistan, there is a fear that donors may cut health funding, putting more Afghan mother's lives at risk. 

    PDF icon Maternal Mortality rates in Afghanistan too good to be true 26Nov Final.pdf
  • UNESCO: Gender & EFA 2000-2015, October 2015

    This report, compiled by UNESCO's EFA Global Monitoring Report, reveals that fewer than half of countries have achieved the goal of gender parity in both primary and secondary education, even though all were supposed to achieve it by 2005. However, global progress has been positive: between 2000 and 2015, the number of girls for every 100 boys has risen from 92 to 97 in primary education and from 91 to 97 in secondary education. Yet, despite great increases in gender parity in Afghanistan, the country overall has only 72 girls enrolled for every 100 boys, with 87 girls at primary level. 

    PDF icon Unesco Gender & EFA 2000-2015.pdf
  • AREU: High School Activism in Afghanistan, October 2015

    This study, by Afghanistan Research & Evaluation Unit (AREU), finds that the lack of employment, a sluggish economy and dissatisfaction about the functioning of the Afghan educational system are major factors in the politicisation of high school students in Afghanistan, which also includes an attraction towards extremist groups.While some students’ politicization and motivations towards joining political groups have their roots in the history of politics in their families, many seem to believe that without the protection of a political patronage network, they will not be able to gain good marks, be admitted into university, and eventually secure a good job. Overall the impression given is one of a pot under increasing pressure but that has yet to reach boiling point. Obvious manifestations of extreme student frustration, such as demonstrations and protests, are relatively rare and mostly small-scale when they do occur in Afghanistan. However, the country's students seem to be drifting in the direction of widespread mobilisation and protests, particularly if the economy does not recover and employment opportunities do not improve.

    PDF icon AREU Reaching Boiling Point- High School Activism in Afghanistan.pdf
  • BAAG: Policy position paper on Service Delivery, July 2015

    Following the General Election in May 2015, BAAG and its members prepared a briefing pack for MPs and ministers.  These covered the themes of Governance, Human Rights, Service Delivery, Women's Rights and Humanitarian.  They each present an overview of the progress and remaining challenges in each area, and priority recommendations for the British government to consider in its support to Afghanistan. 

    PDF icon Policy Position Paper - Service Delivery final version 22July15.pdf
  • GCPEA: Lessons in War, Military use of Schools & Universities during armed conflict, May 2015

    The Global Coalition to Protect Education from Attack has reported on instances of military (pro- and anti-government) forces occupying or using educational facilities in countries including  Afghanistan. Snipers position themselves at classroom windows. Soldiers sleep in classrooms. Razor wire encircles playgrounds. Places that once brought students joy and comfort are transformed into places of fear and dread. For this study, evidence was gathered on the nature, scope, and consequences of the use of education institutions by armed forces during the period from January 2005 to March 2015. Using examples drawn from every region of the world, this study demonstrates both the practice of militaries using education institutions and the consequences of such use for students, educators, and communities.

    PDF icon GCPEA lessons_in_war_2015.pdf

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