Resources

  • State of the world’s emergencies: A briefing for UK parliamentarians, October 2017

    This briefing has been put together by a significant number of international non-governmental organisations (NGOs) under the leadership of Bond’s Humanitarian and Conflict Policy groups. These NGOs are either actively operational in these contexts or working to raise awareness in the UK of the challenges faced by people experiencing humanitarian disasters, conflict and upheaval. Afghanistan is featured in a section of this report where it describes its fragility and its need for continuos international support. 

    PDF icon bond_state_of_the_worlds_emergencies_2017.pdf
  • Afghanistan in May 2017

    Our monthly review of the key news from Afghanistan.

    PDF icon Afghanistan in May17.pdf
  • USIP: The Afghan Refugee Crisis in 2016, February 2017

    During 2016, unprecedented numbers (hundreds of thousands) of Afghan refugees from Pakistan and Iran returned to Afghanistan.  The Afghan government and aid agencies have struggled to support these people who add to another 1 million internally displaced people. This United States Institute of Peace report highlights the growing humanitarian crisis and security issues, as well as the economic strain faced by the returnees and state. 

    PDF icon USIP-The-Afghan-Refugee-Crisis-in-2016.pdf
  • UNAMA: Protection of civilians in armed conflict annual report 2016, February 2017

    In his press conference launching the report, the UN's Special Representative for Afghanistan, Tadamichi Yamamoto stated: 'I am deeply saddened to report, for yet another year, another increase in civilian casualties, another all-time high figure for the number of civilian casualties. In 2016 UNAMA documented 11,418 civilian casualties, an overall three per cent increase compared to the previous record-high documented in 2015.' Commenting on the tactics of anti- and pro-government forces, he continued 'The loss of life and the harm to civilians from ground fighting demands immediate action by parties to the conflict to move the fighting out of civilian populated areas.'

    PDF icon UNAMA protection_of_civilians_in_armed_conflict_annual_report_2016_feb2017.pdf
  • UNOCHA: Humanitarian Overview 2017, January 2017

    With 2016 seeing a deepening and spreading of conflict in Afghanistan, the humanitarian needs of Afghans are increasing. UN OCHA estimates a 13% increase in the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance in 2017, now totalling 9.3 million.The 8,397 civilian casualties in the first nine months of 2016 is the highest recorded, and included a 15% increase in child casualties compared to 2015. The country is facing increasing numbers of people on the move, reaching half a million in November - the highest number recorded to date. 56% of the displaced are children and face particular risks of abuse, and exploitation, as well as interrupted school attendance and harmful child labour.Magnifying this crisis of forced displacement, 2016 saw the unprecedented return of some 600,000 registered refugees and undocumented Afghans from Pakistan. After more than 30 years living in Pakistan, many have arrived into an unfamiliar country with few possessions, assets or social support networks.

    PDF icon OCHA Humanitarian Needs Overview 2017.pdf
  • WRN: Afghanistan's internally displaced women - complex realities, September 2016

    The Women's Regional Network documented the everyday realities of internally displaced Afghan women, as they cope with disrupted livelihoods, divided families and destroyed homesteads. WRN conducted a study among the IDP population in Kabul. Conversations with the IDP population reveals several shortfalls in the National Policy with regards to addressing the needs of longterm IDPs in Kabul. Their report highlights issues such as child labour, health and hygiene, and rights violations.  This report contains recommendations, as does the attached recommendations specific to the Brussels Conference on Afghanistan in October 2016. 

    PDF icon WRN_Internally displaced womenSEPT2016_web.pdf, PDF icon WRN Afghanistan document for Brussels on IDP women.pdf
  • UNAMA: Press release on January-September 2016 civilian casualties, October 2016

    Ahead of their annual 2016 report, UNAMA released civilian casualty figures for the period January to September 2016.  Worryingly almost a quarter of these were due to activities of pro-government forces, using indiscriminate explosive weapons and aerial attacks.  The full year report is due in Janaury 2017. 

    PDF icon UNAMA civ cas report third quarter 2016.pdf
  • UNHCR: This is who we are, October 2016

    Amidst the unprecedented numbers of refugees and migrants arriving in Europe in 2015 there was also a high number of unaccompanied and separated children (UASC). More than half of these were Afghan nationals.This study was conducted in collaboration with the Swedish Migration Agency. It aims to provide an overview of who these Afghan UASC are, what made them decide to undertake such a long and difficult journey, what happened along the way, and why they ultimately chose Sweden as their destination.While UASC leaving from Afghanistan stated security-related reasons, including conflict and violence, as their primary reason for leaving, UASC leaving from Iran primarily referred to discrimination and lack of documentation. Economic reasons were only mentioned by a small fraction of all UASC interviewed. They reported experiencing acute distress and severe protection incidents in Iran, Turkey and throughout the Balkan route. 

    PDF icon UNHCR ThisIsWhoWeAre.pdf
  • UNICEF: Humanitarian Sit Rep 3, October 2016

    Since OCHA launched its Returnees Flash Appeal in September, Unicef and other agencies have been responding to the staggering number of Afghans crossing back into the country from Pakistan, Iran and further afield. By early October, there are 7,400 people crossing the border every day.  Many require health and nutrition support, whilst education and child protection interventions are also a priority. 

    PDF icon UNICEF Afghanistan Humanitarian Situation Report #3 - 12 October 2016.pdf
  • Brussels Conference on Afghanistan: communique of participants, October 2016

    On 5 October 2016, the 75 countries and 26 international organisations participating in the Brussels Conference on Afghanistan on 5 October 2016 issued a communiqué, renewing the partnership for prosperity and peace between the National Unity Government of Afghanistan and the international community. They underlined  their collective commitment to deepen and strengthen their cooperation to achieve Afghanistan's self-reliance in the transformation decade (2015-2024) and to create a political, social and economic environment that will allow Afghanistan to consolidate peace, security, sustainable development and prosperity. They noted that important progress has been achieved on Afghanistan's way to a functioning, accountable and increasingly sustainable state, but the substantial challenges that the country still faces require further efforts to safeguard and build on these joint achievements. 

    PDF icon BCA final communique.pdf
  • Save the Children: Afghan Children Cannot Wait, September 2016

    Last year, half of the unaccompanied minors seeking asylum in Europe were from Afghanistan, fleeing poverty, limited education and livelihood opportunities and violence. Unless the Afghan government invests in their future in Afghanistan, Save the Children is concerned that more children may decide to undertake the perilous journey of moving to Europe.As leaders meet in Brussels to discuss the future of Afghanistan, Save the Children calls on the Afghan government, the EU and international donors to step up their investment in the future of Afghan children. Despite progress over the last decade, progress remain fragile and could be undermined by the recent escalation of violence and displacements. It is time now to sustain and increase investment in health, education and protection.

    PDF icon SCUK Brussels conference on Afghanistan. Brief. Oct.2016.pdf
  • Emergency NGO: Brussels Conference on Afghanistan Position Paper, September 2016

    Ahead of the Brussels Conference on Afghanistan, Emergency NGO has published a position paper aimed at the Afghan government and the international community. It highlights how a context of worsening security has led to an increase in attacks on health facilities, with far-reaching negative repercussions for personnel, infrastructure and local populations. In light of this context, they call for: the set-up of local peacebuilding mechanisms, adherence to international humanitarian law, allocation of adequate financial resources to health care, revising the model of humanitarian intervention, and greater protection for humanitarian workers. 

    PDF icon Emergency BCA Position paper.pdf
  • OCHA: Flash Appeal - One Million People on the Move, September 2016

    With over 5,000 displaced Afghans returning from Pakistan each day in recent weeks, UN OCHA has launched an emergency flash appeal for funds to respond to this growing humanitarian crisis. The humanitarian impact of prolonged conflict in Afghanistan is severe. More than 1.1 million people have been displaced from their homes by the conflict, including more than 245,000 people since the beginning of 2016. As the conflict ensues, humanitarian needs are increasing and access constraints have escalated. Meanwhile political decisions in Pakistan have seen many Afghan refugees forced to return at unprecedented rates. 

    PDF icon OCHA afg_2016_flash_appeal_web.pdf
  • OCHA: Violence against aid workers in 2015, August 2016

    The UN's Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs presents their infographic on security incidents affecting national and international aid workers.  Once again, Afghanistan is one of the most dangerous countries in which to deliver aid projects, for both national and international staff. Decreasing numbers globally is only a reflection of the reduced footprint of aid staff resulting from such threats. 

    PDF icon OCHA violence_aid_worker_2015.pdf
  • ACF: Afghanistan - where humanitarian concerns do not meet international action, August 2016

    Action Contre Faim's (Action Against Hunger) report aims to point out how the current politicization of aid in Afghanistan has real consequences on the impact of services delivered to the Afghan population. From their experience in the country, ACF argues that current reconstruction frameworks for Afghanistan, agreed between the Afghan government and international donors, focus entirely on governance and management of funds. Little consideration has been given to humanitarian assistance and whether this assistance is reaching the people that are most in need.The report calls for an end to the use of aid for political goals. ACF advocates for a return to a more coherent and rational approach to the aid delivered in Afghanistan: working to contextualize, evaluate and adapt it to local needs and to implement effective monitoring systems focusing as much on project quality and impact as on good management.

    PDF icon ACF Where Humanitarian Concerns Do Not Match International Action.pdf

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