Resources

  • UNHCR: This is who we are, October 2016

    Amidst the unprecedented numbers of refugees and migrants arriving in Europe in 2015 there was also a high number of unaccompanied and separated children (UASC). More than half of these were Afghan nationals.This study was conducted in collaboration with the Swedish Migration Agency. It aims to provide an overview of who these Afghan UASC are, what made them decide to undertake such a long and difficult journey, what happened along the way, and why they ultimately chose Sweden as their destination.While UASC leaving from Afghanistan stated security-related reasons, including conflict and violence, as their primary reason for leaving, UASC leaving from Iran primarily referred to discrimination and lack of documentation. Economic reasons were only mentioned by a small fraction of all UASC interviewed. They reported experiencing acute distress and severe protection incidents in Iran, Turkey and throughout the Balkan route. 

    PDF icon UNHCR ThisIsWhoWeAre.pdf
  • UNICEF: Humanitarian Sit Rep 3, October 2016

    Since OCHA launched its Returnees Flash Appeal in September, Unicef and other agencies have been responding to the staggering number of Afghans crossing back into the country from Pakistan, Iran and further afield. By early October, there are 7,400 people crossing the border every day.  Many require health and nutrition support, whilst education and child protection interventions are also a priority. 

    PDF icon UNICEF Afghanistan Humanitarian Situation Report #3 - 12 October 2016.pdf
  • Brussels Conference on Afghanistan: communique of participants, October 2016

    On 5 October 2016, the 75 countries and 26 international organisations participating in the Brussels Conference on Afghanistan on 5 October 2016 issued a communiqué, renewing the partnership for prosperity and peace between the National Unity Government of Afghanistan and the international community. They underlined  their collective commitment to deepen and strengthen their cooperation to achieve Afghanistan's self-reliance in the transformation decade (2015-2024) and to create a political, social and economic environment that will allow Afghanistan to consolidate peace, security, sustainable development and prosperity. They noted that important progress has been achieved on Afghanistan's way to a functioning, accountable and increasingly sustainable state, but the substantial challenges that the country still faces require further efforts to safeguard and build on these joint achievements. 

    PDF icon BCA final communique.pdf
  • Save the Children: Afghan Children Cannot Wait, September 2016

    Last year, half of the unaccompanied minors seeking asylum in Europe were from Afghanistan, fleeing poverty, limited education and livelihood opportunities and violence. Unless the Afghan government invests in their future in Afghanistan, Save the Children is concerned that more children may decide to undertake the perilous journey of moving to Europe.As leaders meet in Brussels to discuss the future of Afghanistan, Save the Children calls on the Afghan government, the EU and international donors to step up their investment in the future of Afghan children. Despite progress over the last decade, progress remain fragile and could be undermined by the recent escalation of violence and displacements. It is time now to sustain and increase investment in health, education and protection.

    PDF icon SCUK Brussels conference on Afghanistan. Brief. Oct.2016.pdf
  • Emergency NGO: Brussels Conference on Afghanistan Position Paper, September 2016

    Ahead of the Brussels Conference on Afghanistan, Emergency NGO has published a position paper aimed at the Afghan government and the international community. It highlights how a context of worsening security has led to an increase in attacks on health facilities, with far-reaching negative repercussions for personnel, infrastructure and local populations. In light of this context, they call for: the set-up of local peacebuilding mechanisms, adherence to international humanitarian law, allocation of adequate financial resources to health care, revising the model of humanitarian intervention, and greater protection for humanitarian workers. 

    PDF icon Emergency BCA Position paper.pdf
  • OCHA: Flash Appeal - One Million People on the Move, September 2016

    With over 5,000 displaced Afghans returning from Pakistan each day in recent weeks, UN OCHA has launched an emergency flash appeal for funds to respond to this growing humanitarian crisis. The humanitarian impact of prolonged conflict in Afghanistan is severe. More than 1.1 million people have been displaced from their homes by the conflict, including more than 245,000 people since the beginning of 2016. As the conflict ensues, humanitarian needs are increasing and access constraints have escalated. Meanwhile political decisions in Pakistan have seen many Afghan refugees forced to return at unprecedented rates. 

    PDF icon OCHA afg_2016_flash_appeal_web.pdf
  • OCHA: Violence against aid workers in 2015, August 2016

    The UN's Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs presents their infographic on security incidents affecting national and international aid workers.  Once again, Afghanistan is one of the most dangerous countries in which to deliver aid projects, for both national and international staff. Decreasing numbers globally is only a reflection of the reduced footprint of aid staff resulting from such threats. 

    PDF icon OCHA violence_aid_worker_2015.pdf
  • ACF: Afghanistan - where humanitarian concerns do not meet international action, August 2016

    Action Contre Faim's (Action Against Hunger) report aims to point out how the current politicization of aid in Afghanistan has real consequences on the impact of services delivered to the Afghan population. From their experience in the country, ACF argues that current reconstruction frameworks for Afghanistan, agreed between the Afghan government and international donors, focus entirely on governance and management of funds. Little consideration has been given to humanitarian assistance and whether this assistance is reaching the people that are most in need.The report calls for an end to the use of aid for political goals. ACF advocates for a return to a more coherent and rational approach to the aid delivered in Afghanistan: working to contextualize, evaluate and adapt it to local needs and to implement effective monitoring systems focusing as much on project quality and impact as on good management.

    PDF icon ACF Where Humanitarian Concerns Do Not Match International Action.pdf
  • SAVE: The effects of insecurity on humanitarian coverage, July 2016

    Secure Access in Volatile Environments (SAVE) is a research programme. In this report they have asked how many aid agencies are able to access the most dangerous places, and how do access constraints affect ‘humanitarian coverage’ and the degree to which people in need are being reached by the aid system? Their findings highlight that aid agencies are fewer in number, with restricted movements and programmes, in the most insecure environments - with a direct impact on community support. Afghanistan is one of 4 case study programmes. 

    PDF icon 2016__The_effects_of_insecurity_on_humanitarian_coverage.pdf
  • UNAMA: Protection of civilians in armed conflict mid year report, July 2016

    5,166 civilians were recorded killed or maimed in just the first six months of 2016, of whom almost one-third were children. This represents a 4% increase on the same period in 2015, continuing the upward trend in civilian casualties in recent years. The total civilian casualty figure recorded by the UN between 1 January 2009 and 30 June 2016 has risen to 63,934, including 22,941 deaths and 40,993 injured.

    PDF icon protection_of_civilians_in_armed_conflict_midyear_report_2016_final.pdf
  • IRC: Afghan refugees and the European refugee crisis, July 2016

    Afghan refugees make up 21% of the over 1 million refugees who have fled to Europe since January 2015, fleeing a country with a worsening security situation and few prospects for its people. This briefing focuses on Afghan refugees and the European Refugee Crisis, and the continued conflict in the country from which they fled. In the briefing the IRC calls for action in four areas:1. Ensure a fair, thorough and effective asylum process for all nationalities2. Expand relocation to Afghans and accelerate family unity transfers from Greece to other EU countries3. Ensure Afghans and other non-Syrians in Turkey have meaningful access to temporary protection4. Commit to an expanded resettlement programme and safe alternative pathways into Europe

    PDF icon IRC European Refugee Crisis - Afghanistan briefing final (1).pdf
  • Development Initiatives: Global Humanitarian Assistance Report, June 2016

    In their annual global report, Afghanistan remained in the top 10 of countries receiving the most international humanitarian assistance.  Encouragingly across the 2015 UN-coordinated appeals (a collective ‘ask’ to the international community on the part of UN agencies), Afghanistan's was the 2nd best funded, at 70% met. The report highlights the links between chronic poverty and vulnerability to crises, and provides new analysis on the diversity and scale of resources already at play in preventing and responding to emergencies. It looks in detail at efforts to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of financing in crisis situations, such as multi-year approaches, more transparent and traceable funding, and flexible financing. 

    PDF icon Global-Humanitarian-Assistance-Report-2016.pdf
  • UNHCR: Global Trends Forced Migration report 2015, June 2016

    UNHCR's annual global report paints a bleak and shocking picture - by the end of 2015, one in 113 people was a refugee, displaced or an asylum seeker. Afghanistan continues to be the second largest country of origin, behind Syria. But 2015 saw increased voluntary returns of refugees, particularly to Afghanistan - yet this is a drop in the ocean.  Afghanistan also saw a large number of new internally displaced people in 2015 (492,600). 

    PDF icon UNHCR-Global-Trends-2015.pdf
  • CIDOB: The voices behind the refugee outflow from Afghanistan, June 2016

    The current narrative in the West explaining why Afghans are leaving is media-centric and misleading. Media commentary and the social media frenzy make little mention of the real voices of those Afghans who are leaving, often opting for a life of uncertainty in hopes of obtaining a refugee status in Western countries. Is leaving an easy decision? What factors are considered in choosing the target destination? How are the deteriorating socioeconomic conditions in the region affecting Afghans’ choice to leave their country? CIDOB (Barcelona Centre for International Affairs) conducted semi-structured interviews with a number of Afghans, independent experts and researchers, during the period from January to April 2016.

    PDF icon CIDOB Voices behind Refugees Jun16.pdf
  • Amnesty International: "My children will die this winter", May 2016

    Amnesty International calls on the Afghan government and the international community to do much more in tackling the country's growing displacement crisis. In just three years, the number of people who have been forced to flee their homes due to war has more than doubled to 1.2 million, with an average of nearly 1,000 newly displaced people per day in the first four months of 2016 alone. Displaced communities often find themselves living in squalid conditions, with minimal access to adequate housing, food, education or healthcare. The implementation of the government's 2014 IDP Policy has thus far failed to make any significant impact, mostly due to a lack of political will and capacity. 

    PDF icon AI My children will die this winter May16.PDF

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