• FSAC: Seasonal Food Security Assessment, September 2015

    The 2015 Seasonal Food Security Assessment in Afghanistan, published by the country’s Food Security and Agriculture Cluster (FSAC), found that at the peak of the lean season the number of Afghans facing severe food insecurity increased from 4.7 percent of the population 12 months ago to 5.9 percent today. This means more than 1.5 million people are now considered severely food insecure, an increase of more than 317,000. Another 7.3 million people – more than one in every four Afghans - are classed as moderately food insecure.Of greatest concern is the finding that the proportion of severely food insecure people who have already exhausted their capacity to cope with these emergencies has increased – meaning many more are now forced to sell land, take children out of school to work, or depend on relatives for support. This will leave even more Afghan people signficantly vulnerable to extreme poverty.

    PDF icon FSAC Season Food Sec Assess 2015.pdf
  • Bond: State of the World's Emergencies, August 2015

    The Bond Humanitarian and Conflict Policy groups have produced a briefing for new members of parliament, designed to give an overview of some of the world’s most fragile situations and highlight actions which key influencers can take to ensure the UK government most effectively delivers on its moral and political responsibilities.The basic humanitarian needs of people affected by conflict and natural disasters around the world are increasing. More and more people urgently require food, water, shelter and other assistance to survive, and new and ongoing conflicts force ever greater numbers of people from their homes.The State of the World’s Emergencies draws on the expertise of individuals and organisations who are either actively operational in the contexts cited, or working to raise awareness in the UK of the challenges faced by people experiencing humanitarian disasters, conflict and upheaval. BAAG authored the Afghanistan chapter. The report was sent to new MPs in July, and in the build-up to World Humanitarian Day on 19 August, Bond and a number of partners will be raising awareness of the state of the world’s emergencies.

    PDF icon Bond State_of_the_Worlds_Emergencies.pdf
  • OCHA: Humanitarian Response Plan Mid Year Review, August 2015

    OCHA - the UN's Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs - review the humanitarian situation against their 2015 plan, highlighting increased conflict-related casualties and displacements (both of Afghans and Pakistani refugees escaping prolonged military operations in North Waziristan). In 2015 so far, 103,000 people have been displaced and 107,000 affected by natural disasters.  Yet response levels vary, with many far below their targets (WASH activities have reached only 23% of their target 1.9 million people). Only 38% of the funding required for all response activities has so far been received.  

    PDF icon OCHA 2015 mid year review.pdf
  • OCHA: Humanitarian Bulletin, July 2015

    This report focusses on the needs of IDPs and returnees, since numbers of returnees into eastern Afghanistan for the first 6 months of 2015 already exceeds the total number recorded in 2014. The unprecedented rate of return is overwhelming the capacity of humanitarian actors to assist returning populations.  The bulletin also highlights an upcoming Samuel Hall study which finds that returnees are comparatively less vulnerable compared to internally displaced persons.

    PDF icon OCHA-June2015-Humanitarian-Bulletin.pdf
  • IDMC: Global Estimates People displaced by disasters 2015, July 2015

    The Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre, along with the Norwegian Refugee Council, present their annual report.  This one points to the man-made factors that drive an overall increasing trend in disaster displacement, like rapid economic development, urbanisation and population growth in hazard prone areas, arguing that these drivers are increasing the number of people becoming displaced, and the risk that their displacement becomes a long-term problem.  The report includes a spotlight on Afghanistan, highlighting the multiple hazards in conflict-affected and fragile states. 

    PDF icon IDMC-global-estimates-2015.pdf
  • IDMC: New and long-term IDPs risk becoming neglected as conflict intensifies, July 2015

    IDMC estimates that as of the end of June 2015, six months after the withdrawal of the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF), at least 948,000 people were living in displacement as a result of conflict and violence. The figure includes around 103,000 people newly displaced in the first six months of 2015.IDPs struggle to meet specific needs resulting from their displacement, in particular when it comes to accessing water, food, adequate housing and employment. These challenges are most pronounced in areas where they are inaccessible or invisible to humanitarian responders and as their displacement becomes more protracted.

    PDF icon IDMC afghanistan-overview-Jul15.pdf
  • BAAG: Policy position paper on Humanitarian Aid, July 2015

    Following the General Election in May 2015, BAAG and its members prepared a briefing pack for MPs and ministers.  These covered the themes of Governance, Human Rights, Service Delivery, Women's Rights and Humanitarian.  They each present an overview of the progress and remaining challenges in each area, and priority recommendations for the British government to consider in its support to Afghanistan. 

    PDF icon Policy Position Paper - Humanitarian final version 22Jul15.pdf
  • Samuel Hall: Agency & Choice among the Displaced, July 2015

    Samuel Hall's research explores issues in the decision-making processes for IDPs and returnees in both urban and rural areas and comments on the livelihood situation of both groups. It notes that incentives for refugees to return to Afghanistan appear to be diminishing and are now largely driven by a combination of push factors and emotional rather than material considerations.  Urbanisation is also considered, with findings showing that urban areas are seen to offer greater employment opportunities, security and public services, while those living in rural areas are likely to have been attracted by ethnic ties, the presence of friends, relatives, and cheaper accommodation. A set of recommendations for organisations working with the target communities follows, along with the need for concrete steps in the near future.

    PDF icon SH - Agency choice displaced July 2015.pdf
  • Humanitarian Outcomes: Aid Worker Security Report 2015, July 2015

    Humanitarian Outcomes, an independent team of professionals providing research and policy advice, publish their 2015 report on security incidents against aid workers.  This is based on the data captured in their Aid Worker Security Database, which can be viewed via again, Afghanistan was the most dangerous place for aid workers in 2014, with 54 major attacks on aid workers. 

    PDF icon ho_aidworkersecuritypreview2015_0.pdf
  • ACBAR: Humanitarian Action in Afghanistan - Towards the World Humanitarian Summit & Beyond, June 2015

    Following their World Humanitarian Summit (WHS) Afghanistan National Consultation in May 2015, ACBAR have produced this position paper.  It discusses the humanitarian situation in Afghanistan with a particular focus on the four themes of the WHS: humanitarian effectiveness, reducing vulnerability and managing risk, transformation through innovation, and serving the needs of people in conflict.The paper also provides recommendations to see humanitarian action in Afghanistan strengthened.

    PDF icon ACBAR WHS Position Paper 29.06.15.pdf
  • Development Initiatives: Global Humanitarian Assistance Report 2015, June 2015

    International humanitarian assistance rose for a second year, to a record US$24.5 billion in 2014. All of 2013’s largest donors gave more in 2014. Despite this rise, funding was not sufficient to meet needs. In response to the scale of need in 2014, UN-coordinated humanitarian appeals requested the highest amount of funding to date – a total of US$19.5 billion – yet a record US$7.5 billion of requirements went unmet.  Afghanistan in 2014 had the 5th largest population affected by humanitarian crises - 11.7m, or 38% of the total population.  In 2013, much international funding went to countries suffering protracted crises including Afghanistan, Sudan and the oPt.  However 2014 saw significant funding to acute needs, such as the conflicts in Syria and Iraq and the ebola crisis. 

    PDF icon GHA-Report-2015_Online.pdf
  • UNHCR: Global Trends in Forced Migration 2014, June 2015

    2014 saw the highest global forced displacement on record: 59.5 million individuals were forcibly displaced worldwide as a result of persecution, conflict, generalized violence, or human rights violations. This is 8.3 million persons more than the year before (51.2 million) and the highest annual increase in a single year. More than half (53%) of all refugees worldwide came from just three countries: the Syrian Arab Republic (3.88 million), Afghanistan (2.59 million), and Somalia (1.11 million).  Afghanistan remains the worlds largest protracted refugee crisis (see pg13 of the report).

    PDF icon UNHCR Global Trends 2015.pdf
  • HRW: The Mediterranean Migration Crisis, June 2015

    Human rights abuses in their home countries are the driving force behind the surge in boat migration in the Mediterranean to reach Europe, report Human Rights Watch. The first half of 2015 has seen a huge increase in the number of refugees and asylum seekers risking their lives in overcramped boats.  HRW has interviewed over 150 such people, the majority of whom come from Afghanistan, Syria and Somalia.  Their stories reveal the extent of rights abuses and violence in all three countries.  The report also calls on the EU to respond to their needs and rights in seeking refuge and asylum. 

    PDF icon HRW Mediterranean Crisis Jun15.pdf
  • OCHA: Major conflict-induced displacements, June 2015

    The start of the traditional spring fighting season has caused significant population movements in the Northern and Western regions, specifically in Badakhshan, Bagdhis and Kunduz provinces. Smaller scale conflict displacement has also been recorded in Baghlan, Farah, Faryab, Ghor, Herat, Jawzjan and Sar-e-pul Provinces.

    PDF icon OCHA afg_conflict_displacement_Jun2015.pdf
  • IDMC: Global Overview 2015, May 2015

    The Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) and Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) present their annual report on internal displacements.  Afghanistan, covered in the South Asia section, saw an increase in IDPs from 631,000 in 2013 to 805,400 by December 2014.  As in previous years, much of Afghanistan's new displacement took place in the south and east. The document provides commentary on protection issues, durable solutions and the national and international response.  It also includes a special report on how displacement affects livelihoods and a section on protracted internal displacement. 

    PDF icon NRC IDMC global-overview-2015.pdf