Resources

  • GICHD: The Humanitarian & developmental impact of anti-vehicle mines, October 2014

    Anti-vehicle mines (AVMs) are as indiscriminate as anti-personnel mines (APMs) and constitute the source of many casualties. As the international community explores the possible options for further legal regulation of AVMs, there is a need for more rigorous analysis of the impact of anti-vehicle mines on civilians and developing societies that are either in the midst of or recovering from conflict.To bridge this gap, the Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD) and the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) undertook a study to document the humanitarian and developmental impact of anti-vehicle mines.  Their report includes Afghanistan as one of three case-studies. 

    PDF icon AVM-study-Sep2014.pdf
  • Handicap International: Afghan civilians - Victims of NATO negligence, September 2014

    In the week of the NATO Summit in Wales, in which Afghanistan will be a key agenda point, Handicap International have called upon NATO and its members to prioritise the marking and clearing of mines, explosive remnants of war and the provision of assistance to victims of the conflict.  Their press pack highlights the extent of the ERW contamination in the country, the implications of this for civilians, and testimonies of those who have lost limbs as a result of mines and other ERW. 

    File HI-Afghanistan-ERW-contamination Sept 14.docx
  • IRC: Protecting the most vulnerable - humanitarian needs in Afghanistan, September 2014

    BAAG members IRC, CARE and Afghanaid have joined with the Norwegian Refugee Council to highlight the humanitarian plight of millions of Afghans.  As policy makers start to consider the development priorities of the country ahead of the London Conference later this year, humanitarian needs risk being ignored.  This paper, endorsed by BAAG, presents practical recommendations for the Afghan government and international community to implement life-saving response and resilience policies and practices.

    PDF icon Afghanistan Humanitarian Paper 2014.pdf
  • ACF: Afghanistan - back to the reality of needs, September 2014

    Action Contre Faim (Action against Hunger) call for a shift in thinking by the international donors and community to address humanitarian and development financing.  Since 2012 the Afghan government took responsibility for disbursement of aid budgets - but were not supported sufficiently for doing so.  Subsequently funding decisions and mechanisms have impacted the quality and reach of aid and development programmes, to the detriment of local communities and the most vulnerable. Essential aid activities have suffered as a result of political decisions - ACF call on the Afghan government, international donors and NGOs to consider alternative policies and practices. 

    PDF icon ACF_Afghanistan_backtotherealityofneeds_sept14_reportBDef.pdf
  • IMC: Livelihoods needs assessment at returnee sites, August 2014

    IMC - the International Medical Corp - has long worked in the settlements for Afghan returnees in the Eastern region.  From 2010 to 2012 they delivered vocational training and literacy programmes. In order to effectively respond to the community’s current needs, IMC initiated a focus group discussion in the returnee sites of Nangarhar and Kunar.  Their findings revealed that returnees in the assessed sites have a very low income (e.g. between $70-80 a month), which has further dropped due to insecurity and election dilemma.  Due to a lack of jobs, the returnees’ food intake is low and there are cases where children have dropped out of school and are now engaged in child labor.  Overall, most of the returnees believe they had a better life while they were living as refugees in Pakistan compared to living in their own country.

    PDF icon IMC returnee livelihoods assessment Afghanistan.pdf
  • OCHA: Humanitarian Update, August 2014

    UNAMA civilian casualty reports earlier this year are echoed in OCHA's update, stating the 25% increase on last year is disproportianately affecting women and children.  In other updates, the shelter needs of April's flood victims have not been fully met and winter approaches, and August saw a significant increase on attacks against humanitarian staff. 

    PDF icon OCHA hum update_August_2014_Final.pdf
  • HPG: Negotiating perceptions - Al-Shabaab & Taliban views of aid agencies, July 2014

    Part of the HPGs project 'Humanitarian negotiations with armed non-state actors', this paper explores how both of these armed groups perceive aid agencies and the implications on humanitarian response in those areas.  When their decisions to grant or deny access to populations in need, these are life-saving challenges. 

    PDF icon HPG Negotiating perceptions Al-Shabaab and Taliban Jul14.pdf
  • IDMC: As humanitarian space shrinks, IDP policy must be implemented, June 2014

    Internal displacement is on the rise in Afghanistan, as insecurity threatens or affects various provinces.  In November 2013 the National IDP Policy was adopted by the Afghan government.  Sadly, implementation of the policy since then has stalled due to lack of political will and capacity on the part of the Ministry of Refugees and Repatriation (MoRR).This comprehensive report by the International Displacement Monitoring Centre and Norwegian Refugee Council highlights the various causes of displacement in Afghanistan, the protection concerns faced by IDPs and suggests durable solutions for national and international agencies. 

    PDF icon IDMC-afghanistan-IDPS overview-en.pdf
  • HRW: Under Attack - Violence against health workers, patients & facilities, May 2014

    Human Rights Watch and the Safeguarding Health in Conflict Coalition report on the unacceptable attacks on those offering health support in conflict zones.  The ICRC (International Committee of the Red Cross) identified 1,809 specific incidents of violence targetting health workers or facilities in 2012-2013. In Afghanistan (page 17), dozens of attacks - including deaths - were reported in 2013.  As elsewhere, these attacks do not just affect the communities using those local facilities - they affect the wider population when health operations have to be suspended or curtailed, or when health workers are reluctant to work in insecure areas.  

    PDF icon HRW Under Attack - violence health workers May14.pdf
  • ORG: The UN and Casualty Recording, April 2014

    The Oxford Research Group's report explores the current state of casualty recording practice, and use of information about casualties, within the UN.It concludes that when the UN systematically records the direct civilian casualties of violent conflict, and acts effectively on this information, this can help save civilian lives. However, casualty recording is not currently a widespread practice within the UN system.This report looks at experiences of, and attitudes towards, casualty recording from the perspectives of UN staff based in New York and Geneva. It includes a case study of UN civilian casualty recording by the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan’s Human Rights unit. Finally, the report discusses challenges to UN casualty recording, and how these might be met.

    PDF icon ORG-UN-and-Casualty Recording.pdf
  • OCHA: Situation Reports Flash Floods, April 2014

    Following heavy rain since 24 April 2014, 10 provinces in the north and west of Afghanistan have been affected by deadly flash floods.  Unverified sources claim 132 deaths and 39,000 Afghans requiring humanitarian assistance. OCHA produce regular 'sit reps' detailing needs and responses - attached is their 2nd update on the situation, but all further reports can be found on their Afghanistan website: https://afg.humanitarianresponse.info/

    PDF icon OCHA Situation Report_Afghanistan Flash Floods_28April2014_v4-3.pdf
  • HPG: Humanitarian negotiations with armed non-state actors, March 2014

    Despite insurgents and armed groups increasingly targetting aid workers - including attacking them, looting their humanitarian supplies, extorting money or denying their access to regions or entire countries - the humanitarian sector has long recognised  the need to talk to such groups to increase their access to communities in need.However very little information regarding the groups is available to humanitarians, making it difficult for organisations to successfully engage with these actors to gain access to populations under their control.The Humanitarian Policy Group's brief highlights key lessons from a two-year research project on humanitarian negotiations with armed non-state actors (ANSAs) in Afghanistan, Somalia and Sudan. It draws from over 500 interviews with aid workers, members of armed groups (including the Taliban, Al-Shabaab and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North) and others.

    PDF icon HPG Humanitarian negotiations Mar2014.pdf
  • IDMC: Still at Risk, February 2014

    This report by the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC), part of the Norwegian Refugee Council, explores the issue of forced eviction of Afghan refugees and returnees.  It finds that over 57,000 people have suffered forced eviction, with very few provisions made for them.  Laws adopted by the Afghan government in November, which provide provisions for preventing forced evictions and mitigating the harm and suffering they cause, should go some way to reducing this problem. 

    PDF icon Still at risk.pdf
  • OCHA: Humanitarian Update, December 2013

    The December report includes updates on winterisation activities, increased civilian casualties in 2013 and reduced funding requests for Afghanistan's acute humanitarian needs. These monthly reports can be accessed via this website: https://afg.humanitarianresponse.info/search/type/document

    PDF icon OCHA Humanitarian Update Dec13.pdf
  • HPG/ODI: The Search for Common Ground, April 2013

    Through a series of case studies and other exchanges, this project aims to provide contextual analysis of how civil–military coordination mechanisms have functioned in disaster and conflict contexts in Afghanistan from 2002- 2013. Of key concern is what impact civil–military coordination mechanisms have had on the efficiency or effectiveness of humanitarian response, and on outcomes for affected populations.

    PDF icon The Search for Common Ground April 2013.pdf

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