• International Crisis Group: The Future of the Afghan Local Police, June 2015

    The Afghan Local Police (ALP) began as a small U.S. experiment but grew into a significant part of Afghanistan’s security apparatus. The ALP has perhaps 29,000 men deployed in 29 of 34 provinces.  Whilst in some districts the ALP has enhanced security, in others it is considered a primary cause of security deterioration.  International Crisis Group's report explores the reasons for this and poses recommendations for the Afghan government, US Dept. of State and donor countries. 

    PDF icon IntCrisisGp-the-future-of-the-ALP.pdf
  • Institute for Economics & Peace: Global Peace Index 2015, June 2015

    The 2015 Global Peace Index shows that the world is becoming increasingly divided with some countries enjoying unprecedented levels of peace and prosperity while others spiral further into violence and conflict. Syria remains the world’s least peaceful country, followed by Iraq and Afghanistan. The world is less peaceful today than it was in 2008. The indicators that have deteriorated the most are the number of refugees and IDPs, the number of deaths from internal conflict and the impact of terrorism. Last year alone it is estimated that 20,000 people were killed in terrorist attacks up from an average of 2,000 a year only 10 years ago. The total economic impact of violence last year reached US$14.3 trillion, or 13.4% of global GDP. That’s equivalent to the combined economies of Canada, France, Germany, Spain and the UK.

    PDF icon Global Peace Index Report 2015_0.pdf
  • Fund for Peace: Fragile States Index 2015, June 2015

    The Fragile States Index, produced by The Fund for Peace, is a critical tool in highlighting not only the normal pressures that all states experience, but also in identifying when those pressures are pushing a state towards the brink of failure.  It is an annual ranking of 178 nations based on their levels of stability and the pressures they face. Afghanistan remains a High Alert fragile state in 2015, with a worsening trend in the decade 2006-15.  However during 2014 specifically, it's state did not worsen significantly, and thus it is not reported on specifically within this report. 

    PDF icon fragilestatesindex-2015.pdf
  • Mercy Corps: Youth & Consequences - Unemployment, Injustice & Violence, April 2015

    Mercy Corps' report tackles some of the most persistent assumptions driving youth programming in fragile states. Drawing on interviews and surveys with youth in Afghanistan, Colombia and Somalia, the report finds the principal drivers of political violence are rooted not in poverty, but in experiences of injustice: discrimination, corruption and abuse by security forces.  In light of these findings, many familiar approaches — vocational training programmes, for instance, and civic engagement — are unlikely, in isolation, to have much effect on stability. A new approach is required, one that tackles the sources of instability, not just the symptoms.

    PDF icon MercyCorps_YouthConsequencesReport_2015.pdf
  • BAAG: Monthly report, April 2015

    BAAG's monthly 2-sided review of the key news from Afghanistan, which for April included progress in the appointment of Cabinet positions, a bloody start to the Taliban's spring offensive, a deadly landslide in Badakhshan and concerns over the continued targetting of minority groups.

    PDF icon Afghanistan in April.pdf
  • UNAMA: 2014 Annual Report, Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict, February 2015

    UNAMA documented 10,548 civilian casualties in 2014, the highest number recorded in a single year since 2009. For the first time since 2009, more Afghan civilians were killed and injured in ground engagements than by improvised explosive devices (IEDs) or any other tactic.  These ground engagements increasingly used explosive weapons systems such as mortars, rockets and grenades, sometimes indiscriminately, in civilian-populated areas - leading to devastating consequences for civilians.

    PDF icon UNAMA Protection-of-Civilians-annual report 2014.pdf
  • Report of the UN Secretary General to the Security Council, February 2015

    The SG highlights, amongst others, the 25 cabinet nominees and 9 appointments, the formal security transition on 31st December, increased regional efforts to improve security cooperation and peace negotiations, a sharp increase in returnees from Pakistan and the UN's humanitarian winter assistance. He comments that in 2014, 57 aid workers were killed, 47 injured, 182 abducted and 11 were arrested or detained.

    PDF icon SG-report-March2015.pdf
  • Mercy Corps: Does youth employment build stability?, January 2015

    Mercy Corp's INVEST programme (Introducing New Vocational Education and Skills Training) in Helmand provided a valuable opportunity to explore the economic reasons that may lead to a propensity towards political violence and insurgency.  Though not an original hypothesis of the programme, this quasi-experimental, mixed methodology impact evaluation contributes to research on the relationship between employment and stability. 

    PDF icon MercyCorps_youth employment stability Jan15.pdf
  • Report of the UN Secretary General to the Security Council, December 2014

    The Secretary General reports on the formation of Afghanistan's National Unity Government.  New president, Ashraf Ghani, and his CEO Abdullah Abdullah appointed various high level positions and promised a new Cabinet of ministers within 100 days.  The period also saw much regional activity with the President visiting a number of neighbouring countries to discuss cooperation.  Civilian casualties during the period included at least 50 spectators killed at a volley-ball match in Paktika province. Meanwhile the number of families fleeing into eastern provinces due to Pakistani military operations increased to over 32,000. 

    PDF icon SG report to the GASC Dec 2014.pdf
  • Oxfam: Behind Closed Doors, November 2014

    Oxfam's briefing paper comes at a critical time, ahead of the London Conference on Afghanistan (December 2014) and in the weeks following President Ghani's election.  Oxfam highlight the importance of the international community and the new Afghan government standing by their promises and including women fully in negotiations on the future of Afghanistan.  The new Afghan President Ashraf Ghani used his first day in office to call on the Taliban to join peace talks, and the momentum towards a formal political process is expected to build under the new government. But it is far from clear whether Afghan women will be given a seat at the table in these talks, and there are fears that women's rights may be bargained away behind doors amid efforts to reach a peace settlement.

    PDF icon bp200-behind-doors-afghan-women-rights-241114-en.pdf
  • Asia Foundation: Survey of the Afghan People, October 2014

    The 10th survey by The Asia Foundation was conducted between 22 June and 8 July 2014, shortly after the presidential run-off elections.  9,271 Afghans from across all provinces were interviewed, 49.9% of whom were women.  The overall mood of the country was cautious optimism, though fewer felt the country was moving in the right direction compared to 2013 (54.7% down from 57.2%).  The biggest concerns nationally were insecurity, corruption and unemployment.  65.4% reported feeling fearful for their own or their family's safety at some point, continuing an upward trend since 2006. 

    PDF icon TAF Survey of the Afghan People 2014.pdf
  • Handicap International: Afghan civilians - Victims of NATO negligence, September 2014

    In the week of the NATO Summit in Wales, in which Afghanistan will be a key agenda point, Handicap International have called upon NATO and its members to prioritise the marking and clearing of mines, explosive remnants of war and the provision of assistance to victims of the conflict.  Their press pack highlights the extent of the ERW contamination in the country, the implications of this for civilians, and testimonies of those who have lost limbs as a result of mines and other ERW. 

    File HI-Afghanistan-ERW-contamination Sept 14.docx
  • Salah: Civil society recommendations for the NATO Summit 2014, September 2014

    These recommendations reflect civil society concerns over the imminent withdrawal of international combat troops, the restricted capacity of the Afghan security forces, and issues relating to their accountability.  Salah is a consortium of 8 Afghan civil society organisations focused on policy and advocacy for promoting peace and security. 

    PDF icon Afghanistan Peace and Security - SALAH 3.pdf
  • APPRO: Monitoring Women's Security in Transition, September 2014

    This series of studies explores the impact on Afghan women of the ongoing security transition from international security forces to their national counterparts.  In particular it monitors their overall security, mobility and access to public life, access to services (Health and Education), access to justice and the themes of violence against women and women & current affairs.The research has been conducted by APPRO - Afghanistan Public Policy Research Organisation - and has been commissioned by AWN - the Afghan Women's Network - and Cordaid for their outreach and advocacy uses. A baseline study conducted in June 2013 was followed by a Cycle 2 report in October 2013 and a Cycle 3 report in June 2014. 

    PDF icon AWN Monitoring_Womens_Security_in_Transition_June_2013_baseline_report.pdf, PDF icon AWN Monitoring_Womens_Security_in_Transition_Cycle 2 report Oct 2013.pdf, PDF icon AWN Monitoring_Womens_Security_in_Transition_Cycle 3 report Jun 2014.pdf
  • Report of the UN Secretary General to the Security Council, September 2014

    The 3 month reporting period to end of August 2014 saw a focus on the 2nd round of presidential elections.  Following the initial count of votes, numerous allegations of fraud were reported, the 2 nominees became fixed in an impasse and a total audit of the votes was ordered.  The UN, Senator Kerry of the US and others stepped in to attempt to smooth the process.  During this period, the security situation did not improve, with insurgents taking advantage of the political vacuum and peace talks grinding to a halt.  In addition, some 13,000 families fled military operations in Pakistan, taking refuge in Khost and Paktika provinces. 

    PDF icon SG Report to the GASC Sept 2014.pdf