• BAAG: Monthly report, April 2015

    BAAG's monthly 2-sided review of the key news from Afghanistan, which for April included progress in the appointment of Cabinet positions, a bloody start to the Taliban's spring offensive, a deadly landslide in Badakhshan and concerns over the continued targetting of minority groups.

    PDF icon Afghanistan in April.pdf
  • UNAMA: 2014 Annual Report, Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict, February 2015

    UNAMA documented 10,548 civilian casualties in 2014, the highest number recorded in a single year since 2009. For the first time since 2009, more Afghan civilians were killed and injured in ground engagements than by improvised explosive devices (IEDs) or any other tactic.  These ground engagements increasingly used explosive weapons systems such as mortars, rockets and grenades, sometimes indiscriminately, in civilian-populated areas - leading to devastating consequences for civilians.

    PDF icon UNAMA Protection-of-Civilians-annual report 2014.pdf
  • Report of the UN Secretary General to the Security Council, February 2015

    The SG highlights, amongst others, the 25 cabinet nominees and 9 appointments, the formal security transition on 31st December, increased regional efforts to improve security cooperation and peace negotiations, a sharp increase in returnees from Pakistan and the UN's humanitarian winter assistance. He comments that in 2014, 57 aid workers were killed, 47 injured, 182 abducted and 11 were arrested or detained.

    PDF icon SG-report-March2015.pdf
  • Mercy Corps: Does youth employment build stability?, January 2015

    Mercy Corp's INVEST programme (Introducing New Vocational Education and Skills Training) in Helmand provided a valuable opportunity to explore the economic reasons that may lead to a propensity towards political violence and insurgency.  Though not an original hypothesis of the programme, this quasi-experimental, mixed methodology impact evaluation contributes to research on the relationship between employment and stability. 

    PDF icon MercyCorps_youth employment stability Jan15.pdf
  • Report of the UN Secretary General to the Security Council, December 2014

    The Secretary General reports on the formation of Afghanistan's National Unity Government.  New president, Ashraf Ghani, and his CEO Abdullah Abdullah appointed various high level positions and promised a new Cabinet of ministers within 100 days.  The period also saw much regional activity with the President visiting a number of neighbouring countries to discuss cooperation.  Civilian casualties during the period included at least 50 spectators killed at a volley-ball match in Paktika province. Meanwhile the number of families fleeing into eastern provinces due to Pakistani military operations increased to over 32,000. 

    PDF icon SG report to the GASC Dec 2014.pdf
  • Oxfam: Behind Closed Doors, November 2014

    Oxfam's briefing paper comes at a critical time, ahead of the London Conference on Afghanistan (December 2014) and in the weeks following President Ghani's election.  Oxfam highlight the importance of the international community and the new Afghan government standing by their promises and including women fully in negotiations on the future of Afghanistan.  The new Afghan President Ashraf Ghani used his first day in office to call on the Taliban to join peace talks, and the momentum towards a formal political process is expected to build under the new government. But it is far from clear whether Afghan women will be given a seat at the table in these talks, and there are fears that women's rights may be bargained away behind doors amid efforts to reach a peace settlement.

    PDF icon bp200-behind-doors-afghan-women-rights-241114-en.pdf
  • Asia Foundation: Survey of the Afghan People, October 2014

    The 10th survey by The Asia Foundation was conducted between 22 June and 8 July 2014, shortly after the presidential run-off elections.  9,271 Afghans from across all provinces were interviewed, 49.9% of whom were women.  The overall mood of the country was cautious optimism, though fewer felt the country was moving in the right direction compared to 2013 (54.7% down from 57.2%).  The biggest concerns nationally were insecurity, corruption and unemployment.  65.4% reported feeling fearful for their own or their family's safety at some point, continuing an upward trend since 2006. 

    PDF icon TAF Survey of the Afghan People 2014.pdf
  • Handicap International: Afghan civilians - Victims of NATO negligence, September 2014

    In the week of the NATO Summit in Wales, in which Afghanistan will be a key agenda point, Handicap International have called upon NATO and its members to prioritise the marking and clearing of mines, explosive remnants of war and the provision of assistance to victims of the conflict.  Their press pack highlights the extent of the ERW contamination in the country, the implications of this for civilians, and testimonies of those who have lost limbs as a result of mines and other ERW. 

    File HI-Afghanistan-ERW-contamination Sept 14.docx
  • Salah: Civil society recommendations for the NATO Summit 2014, September 2014

    These recommendations reflect civil society concerns over the imminent withdrawal of international combat troops, the restricted capacity of the Afghan security forces, and issues relating to their accountability.  Salah is a consortium of 8 Afghan civil society organisations focused on policy and advocacy for promoting peace and security. 

    PDF icon Afghanistan Peace and Security - SALAH 3.pdf
  • APPRO: Monitoring Women's Security in Transition, September 2014

    This series of studies explores the impact on Afghan women of the ongoing security transition from international security forces to their national counterparts.  In particular it monitors their overall security, mobility and access to public life, access to services (Health and Education), access to justice and the themes of violence against women and women & current affairs.The research has been conducted by APPRO - Afghanistan Public Policy Research Organisation - and has been commissioned by AWN - the Afghan Women's Network - and Cordaid for their outreach and advocacy uses. A baseline study conducted in June 2013 was followed by a Cycle 2 report in October 2013 and a Cycle 3 report in June 2014. 

    PDF icon AWN Monitoring_Womens_Security_in_Transition_June_2013_baseline_report.pdf, PDF icon AWN Monitoring_Womens_Security_in_Transition_Cycle 2 report Oct 2013.pdf, PDF icon AWN Monitoring_Womens_Security_in_Transition_Cycle 3 report Jun 2014.pdf
  • Report of the UN Secretary General to the Security Council, September 2014

    The 3 month reporting period to end of August 2014 saw a focus on the 2nd round of presidential elections.  Following the initial count of votes, numerous allegations of fraud were reported, the 2 nominees became fixed in an impasse and a total audit of the votes was ordered.  The UN, Senator Kerry of the US and others stepped in to attempt to smooth the process.  During this period, the security situation did not improve, with insurgents taking advantage of the political vacuum and peace talks grinding to a halt.  In addition, some 13,000 families fled military operations in Pakistan, taking refuge in Khost and Paktika provinces. 

    PDF icon SG Report to the GASC Sept 2014.pdf
  • UNAMA: Mid Year Report, Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict, July 2014

    UNAMA's half year report highlights a worrying 24% increase in civilian casualties compared to the same period (January to June) in 2013.  They report an increase in the frequency and intensity of ground engagements, which have particularly targeted heavily populated civilian centres.  The number of child casualties increased by 34%.The Taliban publicly claimed responsibility for 147 attacks that resulted in 553 civilian casualties.  While Taliban fighters appeared to direct 76 of these attacks at military targets that indiscriminately harmed civilians, 69 attacks deliberately targeted civilians including tribal elders, civilian Government and justice sector employees, and civilians in restaurants. Attacks which fail to distinguish between a military and civilian objective and attacks that deliberately target civilians are serious violations of international humanitarian law and may amount to war crimes. 

    PDF icon UNAMA Protection of Civilians MYR Jul 2014.pdf
  • GCPEA: Protecting Education Personnel from Targeted Attack in Conflict-Affected Countries, July 2014

    The Global Coalition to Protect Education from Attack's report describes how teachers have been targeted around the world and documents various ways communities have tried to keep them safe.  Afghanistan features heavily in the report, where attacks on education personnel are ongoing. 

    PDF icon protecting_education_personnel.pdf
  • Heinrich Böll Stiftung: From hidden struggles towards political participation, July 2014

    The Heinrich Böll Stiftung (hbs) is a German foundation with a history of support to civil society in Afghanistan.  They collated this collection of interviews with Afghan women - activists, parliamentarians, professionals.  It presents a unique insight into the drive, will and determination of today's Afghan women to improve their situation and drive forward peace, security and development in Afghanistan.  

    PDF icon Afghan womens perspectives on pand s.pdf
  • NATO: Response from the Secretary General to ENNA & BAAGs letter, July 2014

    In June, ENNA (the European Network of NGOs in Afghanistan) and BAAG wrote to the Secretary General of NATO on their recommendations ahead of the September 2014 NATO Summit.  The attached response from Ander Fogh Rasmussen was received in July.  In it, he states his agreement that forming a permanent position for the currently temporary Special Representative for Women, Peace & Security is a priority.  He also refers to the development of the UNSCR 1325 Action Plan, and to the progress made by the ISAF Gender Adviser since her deployment in April.  

    PDF icon NATO response to ENNA Summit letter July14.pdf