• SCA: Afghanistan's Road to Self-Reliance, March 2017

    The Swedish Committee for Afghanistan, an INGO present in Afghanistan for decades, convened a conference in December 2016 to consider lessons learnt in security and development efforts. Incorporating offical reviews by the Danish and Norwegian governments of their interventions, and bringing Afghan development and rights actors to the stage, the conference explored civil-military lessons, as well as development and diplomacy interventions. This report captures the rich discussions and asks what better approaches might be considered going forwards.  

    PDF icon sca2016internationalconference_finalversion.pdf
  • USIP: The Afghan Refugee Crisis in 2016, February 2017

    During 2016, unprecedented numbers (hundreds of thousands) of Afghan refugees from Pakistan and Iran returned to Afghanistan.  The Afghan government and aid agencies have struggled to support these people who add to another 1 million internally displaced people. This United States Institute of Peace report highlights the growing humanitarian crisis and security issues, as well as the economic strain faced by the returnees and state. 

    PDF icon USIP-The-Afghan-Refugee-Crisis-in-2016.pdf
  • UNOCHA: Humanitarian Overview 2017, January 2017

    With 2016 seeing a deepening and spreading of conflict in Afghanistan, the humanitarian needs of Afghans are increasing. UN OCHA estimates a 13% increase in the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance in 2017, now totalling 9.3 million.The 8,397 civilian casualties in the first nine months of 2016 is the highest recorded, and included a 15% increase in child casualties compared to 2015. The country is facing increasing numbers of people on the move, reaching half a million in November - the highest number recorded to date. 56% of the displaced are children and face particular risks of abuse, and exploitation, as well as interrupted school attendance and harmful child labour.Magnifying this crisis of forced displacement, 2016 saw the unprecedented return of some 600,000 registered refugees and undocumented Afghans from Pakistan. After more than 30 years living in Pakistan, many have arrived into an unfamiliar country with few possessions, assets or social support networks.

    PDF icon OCHA Humanitarian Needs Overview 2017.pdf
  • WRN: Afghanistan's internally displaced women - complex realities, September 2016

    The Women's Regional Network documented the everyday realities of internally displaced Afghan women, as they cope with disrupted livelihoods, divided families and destroyed homesteads. WRN conducted a study among the IDP population in Kabul. Conversations with the IDP population reveals several shortfalls in the National Policy with regards to addressing the needs of longterm IDPs in Kabul. Their report highlights issues such as child labour, health and hygiene, and rights violations.  This report contains recommendations, as does the attached recommendations specific to the Brussels Conference on Afghanistan in October 2016. 

    PDF icon WRN_Internally displaced womenSEPT2016_web.pdf, PDF icon WRN Afghanistan document for Brussels on IDP women.pdf
  • UNICEF: Humanitarian Sit Rep 3, October 2016

    Since OCHA launched its Returnees Flash Appeal in September, Unicef and other agencies have been responding to the staggering number of Afghans crossing back into the country from Pakistan, Iran and further afield. By early October, there are 7,400 people crossing the border every day.  Many require health and nutrition support, whilst education and child protection interventions are also a priority. 

    PDF icon UNICEF Afghanistan Humanitarian Situation Report #3 - 12 October 2016.pdf
  • Save the Children: Afghan Children Cannot Wait, September 2016

    Last year, half of the unaccompanied minors seeking asylum in Europe were from Afghanistan, fleeing poverty, limited education and livelihood opportunities and violence. Unless the Afghan government invests in their future in Afghanistan, Save the Children is concerned that more children may decide to undertake the perilous journey of moving to Europe.As leaders meet in Brussels to discuss the future of Afghanistan, Save the Children calls on the Afghan government, the EU and international donors to step up their investment in the future of Afghan children. Despite progress over the last decade, progress remain fragile and could be undermined by the recent escalation of violence and displacements. It is time now to sustain and increase investment in health, education and protection.

    PDF icon SCUK Brussels conference on Afghanistan. Brief. Oct.2016.pdf
  • Emergency NGO: Brussels Conference on Afghanistan Position Paper, September 2016

    Ahead of the Brussels Conference on Afghanistan, Emergency NGO has published a position paper aimed at the Afghan government and the international community. It highlights how a context of worsening security has led to an increase in attacks on health facilities, with far-reaching negative repercussions for personnel, infrastructure and local populations. In light of this context, they call for: the set-up of local peacebuilding mechanisms, adherence to international humanitarian law, allocation of adequate financial resources to health care, revising the model of humanitarian intervention, and greater protection for humanitarian workers. 

    PDF icon Emergency BCA Position paper.pdf
  • OCHA: Flash Appeal - One Million People on the Move, September 2016

    With over 5,000 displaced Afghans returning from Pakistan each day in recent weeks, UN OCHA has launched an emergency flash appeal for funds to respond to this growing humanitarian crisis. The humanitarian impact of prolonged conflict in Afghanistan is severe. More than 1.1 million people have been displaced from their homes by the conflict, including more than 245,000 people since the beginning of 2016. As the conflict ensues, humanitarian needs are increasing and access constraints have escalated. Meanwhile political decisions in Pakistan have seen many Afghan refugees forced to return at unprecedented rates. 

    PDF icon OCHA afg_2016_flash_appeal_web.pdf
  • OCHA: Violence against aid workers in 2015, August 2016

    The UN's Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs presents their infographic on security incidents affecting national and international aid workers.  Once again, Afghanistan is one of the most dangerous countries in which to deliver aid projects, for both national and international staff. Decreasing numbers globally is only a reflection of the reduced footprint of aid staff resulting from such threats. 

    PDF icon OCHA violence_aid_worker_2015.pdf
  • ACF: Afghanistan - where humanitarian concerns do not meet international action, August 2016

    Action Contre Faim's (Action Against Hunger) report aims to point out how the current politicization of aid in Afghanistan has real consequences on the impact of services delivered to the Afghan population. From their experience in the country, ACF argues that current reconstruction frameworks for Afghanistan, agreed between the Afghan government and international donors, focus entirely on governance and management of funds. Little consideration has been given to humanitarian assistance and whether this assistance is reaching the people that are most in need.The report calls for an end to the use of aid for political goals. ACF advocates for a return to a more coherent and rational approach to the aid delivered in Afghanistan: working to contextualize, evaluate and adapt it to local needs and to implement effective monitoring systems focusing as much on project quality and impact as on good management.

    PDF icon ACF Where Humanitarian Concerns Do Not Match International Action.pdf
  • OCHA: Humanitarian Bulletin - Child Malnutrition, July 2016

    In their regular Humanitarian Bulletin, UN OCHA present the stark facts about child malnutrition, Afghanistan's 'silent killer'. The Afghanistan Nutrition Cluster estimates 2.7 million people are affected by malnutrition including one million children under five with an acute state of malnutrition in need of treatment. While rarely cited as a leading cause, malnutrition is the hidden contributing factor in about 45 per cent of all child deaths.

    PDF icon OCHA hum bulletin malnutrition_july_2016.pdf
  • SAVE: The effects of insecurity on humanitarian coverage, July 2016

    Secure Access in Volatile Environments (SAVE) is a research programme. In this report they have asked how many aid agencies are able to access the most dangerous places, and how do access constraints affect ‘humanitarian coverage’ and the degree to which people in need are being reached by the aid system? Their findings highlight that aid agencies are fewer in number, with restricted movements and programmes, in the most insecure environments - with a direct impact on community support. Afghanistan is one of 4 case study programmes. 

    PDF icon 2016__The_effects_of_insecurity_on_humanitarian_coverage.pdf
  • IRC: Afghan refugees and the European refugee crisis, July 2016

    Afghan refugees make up 21% of the over 1 million refugees who have fled to Europe since January 2015, fleeing a country with a worsening security situation and few prospects for its people. This briefing focuses on Afghan refugees and the European Refugee Crisis, and the continued conflict in the country from which they fled. In the briefing the IRC calls for action in four areas:1. Ensure a fair, thorough and effective asylum process for all nationalities2. Expand relocation to Afghans and accelerate family unity transfers from Greece to other EU countries3. Ensure Afghans and other non-Syrians in Turkey have meaningful access to temporary protection4. Commit to an expanded resettlement programme and safe alternative pathways into Europe

    PDF icon IRC European Refugee Crisis - Afghanistan briefing final (1).pdf
  • Development Initiatives: Global Humanitarian Assistance Report, June 2016

    In their annual global report, Afghanistan remained in the top 10 of countries receiving the most international humanitarian assistance.  Encouragingly across the 2015 UN-coordinated appeals (a collective ‘ask’ to the international community on the part of UN agencies), Afghanistan's was the 2nd best funded, at 70% met. The report highlights the links between chronic poverty and vulnerability to crises, and provides new analysis on the diversity and scale of resources already at play in preventing and responding to emergencies. It looks in detail at efforts to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of financing in crisis situations, such as multi-year approaches, more transparent and traceable funding, and flexible financing. 

    PDF icon Global-Humanitarian-Assistance-Report-2016.pdf
  • UNHCR: Global Trends Forced Migration report 2015, June 2016

    UNHCR's annual global report paints a bleak and shocking picture - by the end of 2015, one in 113 people was a refugee, displaced or an asylum seeker. Afghanistan continues to be the second largest country of origin, behind Syria. But 2015 saw increased voluntary returns of refugees, particularly to Afghanistan - yet this is a drop in the ocean.  Afghanistan also saw a large number of new internally displaced people in 2015 (492,600). 

    PDF icon UNHCR-Global-Trends-2015.pdf