• IRC: Protecting the most vulnerable - humanitarian needs in Afghanistan, September 2014

    BAAG members IRC, CARE and Afghanaid have joined with the Norwegian Refugee Council to highlight the humanitarian plight of millions of Afghans.  As policy makers start to consider the development priorities of the country ahead of the London Conference later this year, humanitarian needs risk being ignored.  This paper, endorsed by BAAG, presents practical recommendations for the Afghan government and international community to implement life-saving response and resilience policies and practices.

    PDF icon Afghanistan Humanitarian Paper 2014.pdf
  • ACF: Afghanistan - back to the reality of needs, September 2014

    Action Contre Faim (Action against Hunger) call for a shift in thinking by the international donors and community to address humanitarian and development financing.  Since 2012 the Afghan government took responsibility for disbursement of aid budgets - but were not supported sufficiently for doing so.  Subsequently funding decisions and mechanisms have impacted the quality and reach of aid and development programmes, to the detriment of local communities and the most vulnerable. Essential aid activities have suffered as a result of political decisions - ACF call on the Afghan government, international donors and NGOs to consider alternative policies and practices. 

    PDF icon ACF_Afghanistan_backtotherealityofneeds_sept14_reportBDef.pdf
  • OCHA: Humanitarian Update, August 2014

    UNAMA civilian casualty reports earlier this year are echoed in OCHA's update, stating the 25% increase on last year is disproportianately affecting women and children.  In other updates, the shelter needs of April's flood victims have not been fully met and winter approaches, and August saw a significant increase on attacks against humanitarian staff. 

    PDF icon OCHA hum update_August_2014_Final.pdf
  • HPG: Negotiating perceptions - Al-Shabaab & Taliban views of aid agencies, July 2014

    Part of the HPGs project 'Humanitarian negotiations with armed non-state actors', this paper explores how both of these armed groups perceive aid agencies and the implications on humanitarian response in those areas.  When their decisions to grant or deny access to populations in need, these are life-saving challenges. 

    PDF icon HPG Negotiating perceptions Al-Shabaab and Taliban Jul14.pdf
  • IDMC: As humanitarian space shrinks, IDP policy must be implemented, June 2014

    Internal displacement is on the rise in Afghanistan, as insecurity threatens or affects various provinces.  In November 2013 the National IDP Policy was adopted by the Afghan government.  Sadly, implementation of the policy since then has stalled due to lack of political will and capacity on the part of the Ministry of Refugees and Repatriation (MoRR).This comprehensive report by the International Displacement Monitoring Centre and Norwegian Refugee Council highlights the various causes of displacement in Afghanistan, the protection concerns faced by IDPs and suggests durable solutions for national and international agencies. 

    PDF icon IDMC-afghanistan-IDPS overview-en.pdf
  • HRW: Under Attack - Violence against health workers, patients & facilities, May 2014

    Human Rights Watch and the Safeguarding Health in Conflict Coalition report on the unacceptable attacks on those offering health support in conflict zones.  The ICRC (International Committee of the Red Cross) identified 1,809 specific incidents of violence targetting health workers or facilities in 2012-2013. In Afghanistan (page 17), dozens of attacks - including deaths - were reported in 2013.  As elsewhere, these attacks do not just affect the communities using those local facilities - they affect the wider population when health operations have to be suspended or curtailed, or when health workers are reluctant to work in insecure areas.  

    PDF icon HRW Under Attack - violence health workers May14.pdf
  • OCHA: Situation Reports Flash Floods, April 2014

    Following heavy rain since 24 April 2014, 10 provinces in the north and west of Afghanistan have been affected by deadly flash floods.  Unverified sources claim 132 deaths and 39,000 Afghans requiring humanitarian assistance. OCHA produce regular 'sit reps' detailing needs and responses - attached is their 2nd update on the situation, but all further reports can be found on their Afghanistan website:

    PDF icon OCHA Situation Report_Afghanistan Flash Floods_28April2014_v4-3.pdf
  • ORG: The UN and Casualty Recording, April 2014

    The Oxford Research Group's report explores the current state of casualty recording practice, and use of information about casualties, within the UN.It concludes that when the UN systematically records the direct civilian casualties of violent conflict, and acts effectively on this information, this can help save civilian lives. However, casualty recording is not currently a widespread practice within the UN system.This report looks at experiences of, and attitudes towards, casualty recording from the perspectives of UN staff based in New York and Geneva. It includes a case study of UN civilian casualty recording by the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan’s Human Rights unit. Finally, the report discusses challenges to UN casualty recording, and how these might be met.

    PDF icon ORG-UN-and-Casualty Recording.pdf
  • HPG: Humanitarian negotiations with armed non-state actors, March 2014

    Despite insurgents and armed groups increasingly targetting aid workers - including attacking them, looting their humanitarian supplies, extorting money or denying their access to regions or entire countries - the humanitarian sector has long recognised  the need to talk to such groups to increase their access to communities in need.However very little information regarding the groups is available to humanitarians, making it difficult for organisations to successfully engage with these actors to gain access to populations under their control.The Humanitarian Policy Group's brief highlights key lessons from a two-year research project on humanitarian negotiations with armed non-state actors (ANSAs) in Afghanistan, Somalia and Sudan. It draws from over 500 interviews with aid workers, members of armed groups (including the Taliban, Al-Shabaab and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North) and others.

    PDF icon HPG Humanitarian negotiations Mar2014.pdf
  • UNHCR: Pakistan - Afghan Refugees, February 2014

    UNHCR and OCHA provide an overview of the protracted Afghan refugee situation in Pakistan, where 1.61 Afghan refugees have been registered.  The Pakistan Government have recently started to reissue Proof of Registration cards to these refugees.  UN agencies, through the Refugee Affected and Hosting Areas (RAHA) programme launched in 2009,  have carried out 2,027 projects for the benefit of some 4 million people, of whom 15 per cent are Afghan refugees. These projects are undertaken in 41 districts in Balochistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab and Sindh provinces and five agencies in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA). These initiatives cover health, education, water and sanitation, community infrastructure (including irrigation and farm-to-market roads), environment and, to a limited extent, livelihoods sectors. Urban development was included in 2013.

    PDF icon Pakistan Humanitarian Dashboard_Afghan Refugees February 2014.pdf
  • IDMC: Still at Risk, February 2014

    This report by the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC), part of the Norwegian Refugee Council, explores the issue of forced eviction of Afghan refugees and returnees.  It finds that over 57,000 people have suffered forced eviction, with very few provisions made for them.  Laws adopted by the Afghan government in November, which provide provisions for preventing forced evictions and mitigating the harm and suffering they cause, should go some way to reducing this problem. 

    PDF icon Still at risk.pdf
  • OCHA: Launch of the Common Humanitarian Action Plan, February 2014

    In his speech, Humanitarian Coordinator Mark Bowden presents the varied humanitarian needs arising from Afghanistan's protracted complex emergency.  $406 million are needed to address the needs of 5 million people - and this will only support those most accutely in need.  $384 million was received from international donors in 2013, but many fear support is waning this year.This speech provides information of the provinces and sectors most in need, gaps in service provision and the priorities for moving relief to recovery.  

    PDF icon CHAP 2014 launch - Speech by HC Mark Bowden.pdf
  • OCHA: World Humanitarian Data & Trends, February 2014

    OCHA's report highlights major trends in the nature of humanitarian crises, their underlying causes and drivers, and the actors that participate in crises prevention, response and recovery.  Afghanistan provides critical and interesting data concerning the evolution of a protracted crisis and could provide valuable lessons for governments, donors and humanitarian organisations for future strategy. 

    PDF icon World Humanitaria Data Trends_2013.pdf
  • Médecins sans Frontières: Between Rhetoric and Reality, February 2014

    MSF's report highlights the stark reality for millions of Afghans who struggle to reach healthcare facilities, often for life-saving treatment.  Many interviewed in the 2013 survey stated that the insurgency made it too dangerous to travel at night, others reported being attacked or harrassed en route to health facilities.  This comes in a year when civilian casualty numbers increased and international funding levels threaten to drop.  Despite significant improvements made to Afghanistan's healthcare system in recent years, MSF concludes that current provision is insufficiently geared to meet rising medical and emergency needs, especially those stemming from the conflict.  

    PDF icon MSF Between rhetoric and reality Feb 14.pdf
  • ACAPS: Global Emergency Overview, January 2014

    The Assessment Capacities Project (ACAPS) provides regular updates on the humanitarian situation in Afghanistan, including summaries of the political and security context and key news and developments.  Read their January 2014 report here - page 52 for Afghanistan.  This month reports on the high levels of security incidents which will restrict movement for many humanitarian internationals, the food security and malnutrition situation (gaining media coverage, see reports here and here), and comments on poor government response to winterisation needs. This report can be received via an app for Android phones - see the end of the report for details.

    PDF icon ACAPS Global Emerg Overview Jan14.pdf