Governance

  • AREU: Politics and Governance in Afghanistan - the Case of Nangarhar Province, June 2014

    Afghanistan’s government is often described as fragmented and fragile. However, the fact that the central government fails to function effectively in many instances, particularly beyond the capital, does not mean that there is disorder at the regional or provincial level.The first of three case studies, this paper examines the policies and programs that seek to bring the international community’s ideas of governance and service provision into being through investigating their intersections – and at times collisions – with existing power.  Looking at Nangarhar province, this research aims to look at sub-national governance and access to public goods. It seeks to understand the power relations at play, attempting to separate how government functions in reality from narratives created by the international community about how governance systems should function. 

    PDF icon AREU Politics Governance in Afg the Case of Nangarhar Province.pdf
  • Chatham House: Electoral Turnout in Afghanistan, April 2014

    Reporting on the unexpectedly high turnout by Afghans for the presidential and provincial elections, Chatham House's briefing paper paints a positive picture of the enthusiasm for democracy.  However they comment that this enthusiam is not necessarily extended to any particular candidate.  The figures also demonstrate defiance in the face of Taliban security threats and activities.  Finally, the report presents suggested roles for the international community to support a peaceful transfer of power. 

    PDF icon Chatham House Electoral Turnout Apr14.pdf
  • Afghanistan Watch: Women and Political Power in Afghanistan, March 2014

    Ahead of the 2014 Presidential elections, Afghanistan Watch presents a short fact sheet outlining current and past opportunities for Afghan women in politics.  Whilst a significant number of women hold positions in the political and judicial systems, they comment that their decision making capabilities are restricted, and that women's participation is merely 'symbolic'.   Moreover, some recent decisions could hint at possible reversal of progress made in the past decade. 

    PDF icon Afghanistan Watch Women and Political Power.pdf
  • APPRO: Implementation of the National Action Plan for Women in Afghanistan, March 2014

    This assessment by APPRO (Afghanistan Public Policy Research Organisation), commissioned by Oxfam GB, ActionAid and the Embassy of Canada in Afghanistan, investigates the gains made since implementation of the NAPWA in 2008.  Specifically it looks at pillars 2 and 3 of the NAPWA - access to justice under pillar 2 and access to education, healthcare and work under pillar 3.  Whilst the report finds little has improved in women's access to justice in the last 5 years, there is now increased access to health, education and work.  However, where quantity may have improved, quality remains a serious issue and deterrent to the full uptake of these services. 

    PDF icon APPRO Implementation of the NAPWA Assessment Mar2014.pdf
  • Afghanistan Watch: Women in 2014 Transition, February 2014

    Afghanistan Watch's report summarises the findings of a series of regional conferences held in late 2013 to explore and encourage the political mobilization of Afghan women. Four main issues were discussed during the conferences: reconciliation with the Taliban, the presidential election, security and economic transitions. The report is based on the views of around 600 women who participated in seven regional conferences. Recommendations include requests to the government and the Independent Election Commission to establish initiatives encouraging the participation of women in the election; civil society organizations should exert pressure on the presidential candidates and candidates for the provincial councils to prioritize issues of women in their platforms and policies and to provide clear programs for improving the conditions of women; women's rights activists should establishing networks with women in leadership and policy-making positions to tackle issues concering reconciliation with the Taliban.

    PDF icon Women_in_2014_Transition_English.pdf
  • Chatham House: Looking beyond 2014 - Elections in Afghanistan's evolving political context, February 2014

    Chatham House's briefing paper warns of the need for Afghans to look beyond the importance of selecting a successor to President Hamid Karzai, and to focus on issues such as the election process itself and the possible changes in patronage networks as politicians reposition themselves. 

    PDF icon Chatham House AfghanistanBeyond2014 Feb14.pdf
  • Chatham House: Anticipating and responding to fraud in the 2014 Afghan elections, February 2014

    Chatham House's briefing paper addresses the currently unanswered questions of what election outcomes and processes will be 'credible' and 'legitimate', given the strong likelihood of election fraud.  Afghans will have different perceptions and expectations of legitimacy to the international community, with the latter likely to face difficult decisions concerning possible intervention and support of outcomes.  

    PDF icon Chatham House AfghanistanElections Feb14.pdf
  • USIP: Youth Mobilization and Political Constraints in Afghanistan, January 2014

    In this Special Report from The United Stated Institute of Peace (USIP) - a nonpartisan organisation developing and disseminating research and analysis on international conflicts - the authors investigate youth activism in Afghanistan today.  Drawing on over 100 interviews, the report examines the role and space for youth participation in Afghan politics.  Read the report here. 

    PDF icon Youth_Mobilization_and_Political_Constraints_in_Afghanistan.pdf
  • TMAF: Report of the Special Joint Coordination & Monitoring Board Meeting, January 2014

    After the Senior Officials Meeting in July 2013, there followed a JCMB meeting in January 2014 to review progress against the six areas of commitment for the Government of Afghanistan and international community outlined in the TMAF (Tokyo Mutual Accountability Framework) of 2012.  This report highlights progress to date and challenges remaining.  A Dari version is provided in our 'Reports in Dari' section.

    PDF icon JCMB Joint Report English-Final Version.pdf
  • TMAF: Report of the Special Joint Coordination & Monitoring Board Meeting (Dari), January 2014

    After the Senior Officials Meeting in July 2013, there followed a JCMB meeting in January 2014 to review progress against the six areas of commitment for the Government of Afghanistan and international community outlined in the TMAF (Tokyo Mutual Accountability Framework) of 2012.  This report highlights progress to date and challenges remaining.  An English version is provided in the 'Development' section. 

    PDF icon JCMB Joint Report Dari-Final Version.pdf
  • AAN: Local Afghan Power Structures & the International Military Intervention, November 2013

    The Afghanistan Analysts Network report examines how the presence of German and other international military forces has impacted local power structures in Kunduz and Badakhshan. These two provinces in Afghanistan’s northeast are explored as detailed case studies, helping to answer the critical question as to whether, in the context of the aims of international state building, ISAF forces have been successful in supporting Afghanistan’s central government to extend its authority to the periphery.Read the full report and Executive Summary here. 

    PDF icon AAN Local Power Structures and Intl Military Intervention.pdf, PDF icon AAN Local Power Structures and Intl Military Intervention - Exec Summary.pdf
  • Oxfam: Women and the Afghan Police, September 2013

    Twelve years after the fall of the Taliban, violence against women is on the increase. But millions of Afghan women will never see a female police officer in their communities, let alone be able to report a crime to one, with just one female police officer for every 10,000 women. Even where they are recruited, policewomen face serious challenges including discrimination, lack of training and facilities, sexual harassment, as well as social stigma.This report makes specific recommendations to the Afghan Government, but also makes suggestions to the UK as a donor to intensify efforts to reform the ANP and enhance women’s roles.  

    PDF icon Oxfam-afghanistan-women-police-100913-en.pdf
  • ICJ: Afghanistan's parties in transition; June 2013

    This International Crisis Group report traces the development of political parties in Afghanistan and how they might be affected by the "transition" process.  It says these parties are starting to shed their legacy as armed groups, but their "newfound legitimacy" will face its most serious challenge during the 2014 presidential election and 2015 parliamentary polls.

    PDF icon ICJ Afghanistan's parties in transition June 2013.pdf
  • Water Governance Models in Afghanistan: Filling the Gap

    This paper examines the necessity for water governance and resource management. The author states that Afghanistan is not a 'blank slate' as the international community believes, but that it must adapt to the institutional norms already in place.

    PDF icon Water Governance Models in Afghanistan March 2013.pdf
  • Integrity Watch: Mobilizing Communities for Court Watch, February 2013

    Integrity Watch Afghanistan spent six months studying a community monitoring programme of court trials in Bamyan and Kapisa provinces. Its report concludes that this programme has helped to make the judicial process slightly more transparent and accountable. Overall, it found that judges became slightly more open to the idea of community involvement in overseeing trials. And it recorded a significant rise in the number of trials which monitors were allowed to attend. 

    PDF icon Mobilizing Communities for Court Watch Feb. 2013.pdf

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