Civilian casualties

  • UNAMA: Mid Year Report, Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict, July 2014

    UNAMA's half year report highlights a worrying 24% increase in civilian casualties compared to the same period (January to June) in 2013.  They report an increase in the frequency and intensity of ground engagements, which have particularly targeted heavily populated civilian centres.  The number of child casualties increased by 34%.The Taliban publicly claimed responsibility for 147 attacks that resulted in 553 civilian casualties.  While Taliban fighters appeared to direct 76 of these attacks at military targets that indiscriminately harmed civilians, 69 attacks deliberately targeted civilians including tribal elders, civilian Government and justice sector employees, and civilians in restaurants. Attacks which fail to distinguish between a military and civilian objective and attacks that deliberately target civilians are serious violations of international humanitarian law and may amount to war crimes. 

    PDF icon UNAMA Protection of Civilians MYR Jul 2014.pdf
  • GCPEA: Protecting Education Personnel from Targeted Attack in Conflict-Affected Countries, July 2014

    The Global Coalition to Protect Education from Attack's report describes how teachers have been targeted around the world and documents various ways communities have tried to keep them safe.  Afghanistan features heavily in the report, where attacks on education personnel are ongoing. 

    PDF icon protecting_education_personnel.pdf
  • HRW: Under Attack - Violence against health workers, patients & facilities, May 2014

    Human Rights Watch and the Safeguarding Health in Conflict Coalition report on the unacceptable attacks on those offering health support in conflict zones.  The ICRC (International Committee of the Red Cross) identified 1,809 specific incidents of violence targetting health workers or facilities in 2012-2013. In Afghanistan (page 17), dozens of attacks - including deaths - were reported in 2013.  As elsewhere, these attacks do not just affect the communities using those local facilities - they affect the wider population when health operations have to be suspended or curtailed, or when health workers are reluctant to work in insecure areas.  

    PDF icon HRW Under Attack - violence health workers May14.pdf
  • Report of the Secretary General on children and armed conflict, May 2014

    The UN Secretary General's report to the Security Council highlights a 30% increase in child casualties in 2013.  The situation in Afghanistan (from page 5 onwards) includes the targetting of children in schools, recruitment of child soldiers and suicide bombers and sexual violence against boys and girls perpetrated by anti and pro-Government forces. 

    PDF icon SG report on children & armed conflict May 2014.pdf
  • ORG: The UN and Casualty Recording, April 2014

    The Oxford Research Group's report explores the current state of casualty recording practice, and use of information about casualties, within the UN.It concludes that when the UN systematically records the direct civilian casualties of violent conflict, and acts effectively on this information, this can help save civilian lives. However, casualty recording is not currently a widespread practice within the UN system.This report looks at experiences of, and attitudes towards, casualty recording from the perspectives of UN staff based in New York and Geneva. It includes a case study of UN civilian casualty recording by the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan’s Human Rights unit. Finally, the report discusses challenges to UN casualty recording, and how these might be met.

    PDF icon ORG-UN-and-Casualty Recording.pdf
  • UNAMA Annual Report 2013: Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict, February 2014

    Reversing a decline in civilian casualties recorded in 2012, the number of civilians killed or injured in Afghanistan’s armed conflict increased by 14 per cent in 2013.  The annual report documents a total of 8,615 civilian casualties with 2,959 civilian deaths and 5,656 injured in 2013. The figures mark a seven per cent increase in deaths and a 17 per cent increase in injuries as compared to 2012.  Whilst improvised explosive devices (IEDs) remain the biggest killer of civilians in 2013, there has been an increase in civilian casualties caught in ground engagements between anit-government elements and pro-government forces. 

    PDF icon UNAMA 2013 protection of civilians Feb 2014.pdf
  • Mine Action Programme Afghanistan: Annual Report 1391 (2012-13)

    The annual report of mine clearance and risk education programmes indicates greatly reduced numbers of civilian casualties compared to the previous year - from 2,116 to 397.  Read the full report here. 

    PDF icon MAPA Annual Report 1391.pdf
  • UNAMA Mid Year Report 2013: Protection of civilians in armed conflict, September 2013

    The number of Afghan civilians killed or injured in the first half of 2013 rose by 23 per cent compared to the same period last year.  UNAMA documented 1,319 deaths and 2,533 injuries – a total of 3,852 civilian casualties. This marked an increase of 14 per cent in deaths and 28 per cent in injuries over the same period in 2012. The rise in civilian casualties reverses the decline recorded in 2012, and marks a return to the high numbers of civilian deaths and injuries documented in 2011.Read the full report 

    PDF icon UNAMA 2013 Midyear Report on Protection of Civilians_30 July 2013.pdf
  • Report of the Secretary General on children and armed conflict, May 2013

    The latest report into global deaths and injuries to children highlights the increasing risks Afghan children face as a result of the on-going conflict in the country.  The report, published by the UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon, also accuses armed groups within Afghanistan of recruiting and exploiting children.  It encourages the Afghan government to take steps to prevent the abuses.

    PDF icon Report of the SecGen on CAAC May 13.pdf
  • UNAMA Annual Report 2012: Protection of civilians in armed conflict, February 2013

    For the first time in six years, UNAMA record a decline in civilian deaths (rather than casualties) of 12%.   According to Director of UNAMA Human Rights, the drop was a result of 1) ground engagement between the parties caused fewer casualties, 2) a decline in suicide attacks by AntiGovernment Elements, 3) a reduced number of aerial operations by international military forces, and 4) measures taken by both the Afghan forces and international forces to reduce harm to civilians. Read the full report

    PDF icon UNAMA Annual report 2012 protection of civilians.pdf
  • UNAMA: Mid year report 2012

    The UN says there's been a drop in the number of Afghan civilians killed or wounded in conflict-related violence in the first half of 2012.The UN mission in Afghanistan, UNAMA, says some 3,099 civilians were killed or injured between January and the end of June - a fall of 15 per cent compared to the same period last year.  This figure includes 1,145 deaths and 1,954 wounded.

    PDF icon Protection of civilians mid 2012.pdf
  • UNAMA: Annual Report 2011: Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict, February 2012

    UNAMA's report for 2011 says civilian casualties in Afghanistan have risen for the fifth year in a row.  It says 3,021 civilians were killed in Afghanistan during that year as a result of the armed conflict, with 77 per cent of those casualties caused by "anti-government elements".

    PDF icon UNAMA POC 2011 annual Report_Final_Feb 2012.pdf
  • UNAMA: Afghanistan Mid-year report 2011 Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict, July 2011

    Latest statistics and analysis on how growing insecurity is affecting the security of Afghan civilians.

    PDF icon 2011 Midyear POC.pdf
  • Science: Counting the Dead in Afghanistan, March 2011

    Using ISAF's CIVCAS data on civilian casualties, UN reports and data from a human rights organisation, Science experts conclude that whilst the conflict in Afghanistan has become more deadly for civilians, the majority of deaths are due to indiscriminate attacks by insurgents.  In addition, the report reveals that despite a surge in troop numbers and operations, ISAF have become a safer fighting force with a 26% reduction in civilian deaths caused by military forces.  Read the full report here. 

    PDF icon Counting the dead in Afghanistan Science-2011-Bohannon.pdf
  • UNAMA: Afghanistan Annual Report 2010: Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict, March 2011

    PDF icon 2010 PoC Annual Report Final.pdf

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