Civilian casualties

  • UNAMA: Mid Year Report, Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict, August 2015

    The Afghan conflict continued to exact a heavy toll on Afghan civilians in the first six months of 2015, with civilian casualties projected to equal or exceed the record high numbers documented in 2014. UNAMA’s 2015 Midyear Report on Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict documented 4,921 civilian casualties (1,592 deaths and 3,329 injured) in the first half of 2015, a one per cent increase in total civilian casualties compared to the same period in 2014.  The vast majority – or 90% – of civilian casualties resulted from ground engagements, improvised explosive devices, complex and suicide attacks and targeted killings.

    PDF icon UNAMA Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict Midyear Report 2015.pdf
  • Report of the Secretary General on children and armed conflict, May 2015

    The UN's annual report covers the period 1st September 2010 to 31st December 2014. It quickly states that "More children were killed or maimed in 2014 than in any previous year under review. Children continue to be recruited and used for various purposes, including as suicide bombers, abducted and deprived of their right to education and health care." The report covers the 6 grave violations against children of the MRM (Monitoring & Reporting Mechanism).  It also provides recommendations to prevent and end grave violations against children in Afghanistan and to improve measures for their protection. 

    File Report SG on children armed conflict May15.docx
  • UNAMA: 2014 Annual Report, Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict, February 2015

    UNAMA documented 10,548 civilian casualties in 2014, the highest number recorded in a single year since 2009. For the first time since 2009, more Afghan civilians were killed and injured in ground engagements than by improvised explosive devices (IEDs) or any other tactic.  These ground engagements increasingly used explosive weapons systems such as mortars, rockets and grenades, sometimes indiscriminately, in civilian-populated areas - leading to devastating consequences for civilians.

    PDF icon UNAMA Protection-of-Civilians-annual report 2014.pdf
  • GICHD: The Humanitarian & developmental impact of anti-vehicle mines, October 2014

    Anti-vehicle mines (AVMs) are as indiscriminate as anti-personnel mines (APMs) and constitute the source of many casualties. As the international community explores the possible options for further legal regulation of AVMs, there is a need for more rigorous analysis of the impact of anti-vehicle mines on civilians and developing societies that are either in the midst of or recovering from conflict.To bridge this gap, the Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD) and the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) undertook a study to document the humanitarian and developmental impact of anti-vehicle mines.  Their report includes Afghanistan as one of three case-studies. 

    PDF icon AVM-study-Sep2014.pdf
  • Handicap International: Afghan civilians - Victims of NATO negligence, September 2014

    In the week of the NATO Summit in Wales, in which Afghanistan will be a key agenda point, Handicap International have called upon NATO and its members to prioritise the marking and clearing of mines, explosive remnants of war and the provision of assistance to victims of the conflict.  Their press pack highlights the extent of the ERW contamination in the country, the implications of this for civilians, and testimonies of those who have lost limbs as a result of mines and other ERW. 

    File HI-Afghanistan-ERW-contamination Sept 14.docx
  • Amnesty International: Left in the Dark, August 2014

    Thousands of Afghan civilians have been killed or injured as a result of strikes and operations by the international forces.  However, with these forces immune from Afghan legal processes, most of these incidents remain uninvestigated, let alone unpunished.  Amnesty International's report, focused primarily on air strikes and night raids conducted by US forces, documents in detail the failures of accountability for US military operations in Afghanistan. It calls on the Afghan government to ensure that accountability for unlawful civilian killings is guaranteed in any future bilateral security agreements signed with NATO and the United States.

    PDF icon Amnesty International Left in the Dark Aug14.pdf
  • UNAMA: Mid Year Report, Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict, July 2014

    UNAMA's half year report highlights a worrying 24% increase in civilian casualties compared to the same period (January to June) in 2013.  They report an increase in the frequency and intensity of ground engagements, which have particularly targeted heavily populated civilian centres.  The number of child casualties increased by 34%.The Taliban publicly claimed responsibility for 147 attacks that resulted in 553 civilian casualties.  While Taliban fighters appeared to direct 76 of these attacks at military targets that indiscriminately harmed civilians, 69 attacks deliberately targeted civilians including tribal elders, civilian Government and justice sector employees, and civilians in restaurants. Attacks which fail to distinguish between a military and civilian objective and attacks that deliberately target civilians are serious violations of international humanitarian law and may amount to war crimes. 

    PDF icon UNAMA Protection of Civilians MYR Jul 2014.pdf
  • GCPEA: Protecting Education Personnel from Targeted Attack in Conflict-Affected Countries, July 2014

    The Global Coalition to Protect Education from Attack's report describes how teachers have been targeted around the world and documents various ways communities have tried to keep them safe.  Afghanistan features heavily in the report, where attacks on education personnel are ongoing. 

    PDF icon protecting_education_personnel.pdf
  • HRW: Under Attack - Violence against health workers, patients & facilities, May 2014

    Human Rights Watch and the Safeguarding Health in Conflict Coalition report on the unacceptable attacks on those offering health support in conflict zones.  The ICRC (International Committee of the Red Cross) identified 1,809 specific incidents of violence targetting health workers or facilities in 2012-2013. In Afghanistan (page 17), dozens of attacks - including deaths - were reported in 2013.  As elsewhere, these attacks do not just affect the communities using those local facilities - they affect the wider population when health operations have to be suspended or curtailed, or when health workers are reluctant to work in insecure areas.  

    PDF icon HRW Under Attack - violence health workers May14.pdf
  • Report of the Secretary General on children and armed conflict, May 2014

    The UN Secretary General's report to the Security Council highlights a 30% increase in child casualties in 2013.  The situation in Afghanistan (from page 5 onwards) includes the targetting of children in schools, recruitment of child soldiers and suicide bombers and sexual violence against boys and girls perpetrated by anti and pro-Government forces. 

    PDF icon SG report on children & armed conflict May 2014.pdf
  • ORG: The UN and Casualty Recording, April 2014

    The Oxford Research Group's report explores the current state of casualty recording practice, and use of information about casualties, within the UN.It concludes that when the UN systematically records the direct civilian casualties of violent conflict, and acts effectively on this information, this can help save civilian lives. However, casualty recording is not currently a widespread practice within the UN system.This report looks at experiences of, and attitudes towards, casualty recording from the perspectives of UN staff based in New York and Geneva. It includes a case study of UN civilian casualty recording by the UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan’s Human Rights unit. Finally, the report discusses challenges to UN casualty recording, and how these might be met.

    PDF icon ORG-UN-and-Casualty Recording.pdf
  • UNAMA Annual Report 2013: Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict, February 2014

    Reversing a decline in civilian casualties recorded in 2012, the number of civilians killed or injured in Afghanistan’s armed conflict increased by 14 per cent in 2013.  The annual report documents a total of 8,615 civilian casualties with 2,959 civilian deaths and 5,656 injured in 2013. The figures mark a seven per cent increase in deaths and a 17 per cent increase in injuries as compared to 2012.  Whilst improvised explosive devices (IEDs) remain the biggest killer of civilians in 2013, there has been an increase in civilian casualties caught in ground engagements between anit-government elements and pro-government forces. 

    PDF icon UNAMA 2013 protection of civilians Feb 2014.pdf
  • Mine Action Programme Afghanistan: Annual Report 1391 (2012-13)

    The annual report of mine clearance and risk education programmes indicates greatly reduced numbers of civilian casualties compared to the previous year - from 2,116 to 397.  Read the full report here. 

    PDF icon MAPA Annual Report 1391.pdf
  • UNAMA Mid Year Report 2013: Protection of civilians in armed conflict, September 2013

    The number of Afghan civilians killed or injured in the first half of 2013 rose by 23 per cent compared to the same period last year.  UNAMA documented 1,319 deaths and 2,533 injuries – a total of 3,852 civilian casualties. This marked an increase of 14 per cent in deaths and 28 per cent in injuries over the same period in 2012. The rise in civilian casualties reverses the decline recorded in 2012, and marks a return to the high numbers of civilian deaths and injuries documented in 2011.Read the full report 

    PDF icon UNAMA 2013 Midyear Report on Protection of Civilians_30 July 2013.pdf
  • Report of the Secretary General on children and armed conflict, May 2013

    The latest report into global deaths and injuries to children highlights the increasing risks Afghan children face as a result of the on-going conflict in the country.  The report, published by the UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon, also accuses armed groups within Afghanistan of recruiting and exploiting children.  It encourages the Afghan government to take steps to prevent the abuses.

    PDF icon Report of the SecGen on CAAC May 13.pdf