Corruption

  • Global Witness: Letter to President of Afghanistan regarding natural resources, October 2014

    Global Witness have long campaigned for stronger governance of Afghanistan's natural resources - seen by many as a key to the country's financial development but equally posing threats to corruption and continued insecurity.  Ahead of the London Conference on Afghanistan (4th December 2014), they wrote letters to the co-hosts, President Ashraf Ghani and Prime Minister David Cameron.  These letters explain the issues that could arise from current legislation and asks for commitment to the reform of these.  

    File 20141016 Tokyo CSO letter draft to President Ghani.docx
  • VCA Report on Pharmaceuticals importation process, October 2014

    With no registration or monitoring of pharmaceutical companies in many Afghan provinces, and a strong trade in smuggled counterfeit drugs, many Afghans face agonising choices when they require medical treatment.  Afghanistan's Independent Joint Anti-Corruption Monitoring and Evaluation Committee prepared this Vulnerability to Corruption Assessment (VCA) which found that generally corruption in the pharmaceutical importation process is facilitated and perpetuated by a combination of high import volume and low surveillance and monitoring capacity.

    PDF icon 2014_11_19_Pharmaceutical_VCA_ENGLISH.pdf
  • Global Witness: Letter to NATO Secretary General regarding Afghanistan's natural resources governance, August 2014

    Global Witness and a coalition of Afghan and international civil society organisations, including BAAG, have written to the NATO Secretary General calling for a focus on natural resources governance in the upcoming September NATO summit.  With the international community placing high hopes on natural resources extraction to improve Afghanistan's economy, there are concerns that the current law, approved this month by President Karzai, does not go far enough to ensure accountability and transparency, and such ommissions may provide opportunities for increased insurgent activity in the sector. 

    PDF icon Global Witness CSO NATO Letter 20140821.pdf
  • IWA: National Corruption Survey, May 2014

    Integrity Watch Afghanistan, an Afghan civil society organisation operating since 2005, releases their Corrption Survey every 2 years.  Their 2014 report shows that after insecurity, corruption has become the second biggest concern for Afghans.  It highlights a strong link between corruption and insecurity. Bribery, the most common form of corruption, has nearly doubled in last four years reaching close to $2billion. Judiciary and police are seen as most corruption institutions while Ministry of Education is ranked 3rd. In general, citizens’ access to public services has improved but in paying bribes the survey has found the financial burden of corruption on households has increased.

    PDF icon IWA national_corruption_survey_2014_english.pdf
  • Chatham House: Anticipating and responding to fraud in the 2014 Afghan elections, February 2014

    Chatham House's briefing paper addresses the currently unanswered questions of what election outcomes and processes will be 'credible' and 'legitimate', given the strong likelihood of election fraud.  Afghans will have different perceptions and expectations of legitimacy to the international community, with the latter likely to face difficult decisions concerning possible intervention and support of outcomes.  

    PDF icon Chatham House AfghanistanElections Feb14.pdf
  • Transparency International: Corruption Perceptions Index, December 2013

    For the second year running, Afghanistan scores joint lowest in the world in Transparency International's (TI) annual Index of corruption perception.  In their launch statement, TI commented "Despite 2013 being a year in which governments around the world passed new laws and forged fresh commitments to end corruption, people are not seeing the results of these promises."The Corruption Perceptions Index ranks countries and territories based on how corrupt their public sector is perceived to be. A country or territory’s score indicates the perceived level of public sector corruption on a scale of 0 - 100, where 0 means that a country is perceived as highly corrupt and 100 means it is perceived as very clean. A country's rank indicates its position relative to the other countries and territories included in the index.   The Technical Methodology document is attached, along with the Index results brochure. 

    PDF icon Corruption Perception Index 2013.pdf, PDF icon CPI Technical Methodology.pdf
  • Integrity Watch: On Afghanistan's Roads - Extortion & Abuse, November 2013

    Integrity Watch Afghanistan's survey on extortion and abuse against truck drivers on major highways of Afghanistan. The report considers how insecurity, police professionalism, internal and external supervision, and ethnic and regional discrimination relate to illegal road tolls and abusive behavior by the police.  Findings also show that counter-narcotics officials on the highways never provided receipts for payments, overcharging by Ministry of Transport officials was common and Ministry of Public Works officials were particularly aggressive in claiming its tolls.  Recently a centralized system of collecting taxes has been established for some of the tolls, which has been effective in reducing corruption.  Read the full report here. 

    PDF icon IWA On_afghanistans_roads_extortion.pdf
  • BAAG: Letter to Ministry of Mines, June 2013

    BAAG and 35 international and Afghan civil society organisations petitioned the Afghan Ministry of Mines to deliver on their commitments for effective oversight of the burgeoning mining sector.  The call came ahead of critical meetings in Kabul on 3rd July 2013. At the 2012 Tokyo conference, Afghanistan and its international partners agreed to develop a framework “that governs Afghanistan’s natural wealth through an accountable, efficient and transparent mechanism which builds upon and surpasses international best practices.”  The civil society organisations responded to concerns that this could be interpreted as nothing more than publishing mining revenues.A further letter was sent to the international partners party to the Tokyo Mutual Accountability Framework. Read the letters in full here. 

    PDF icon Civil Society Letter to MoM June 2013.pdf, PDF icon Letter to International TMAF partners re mining June 13.pdf
  • UNODC: Corruption Survey, February 2013

    The United Nations says that fewer people reported paying bribes in Afghanistan in 2012, but the total cost of corruption has increased significantly.  The latest survey from the UN Office on Drugs and Crime said that in 2012, 50% of Afghan citizens paid a bribe to a public official, down from 59 per cent in 2009.  However, the report adds that both the frequency and cost of bribes have increased. The total cost of corruption, it said, had increased by 40 per cent over the past three years to reach $3.9 billion. 

    PDF icon UNODC Recent Patterns and Trends Dec. 2012.pdf
  • BAAG: Tokyo Briefing Paper - Aid Effectiveness/Economic Development, July 2012

    BAAG's policy paper ahead of the 2012 Tokyo Conference on Afghanistan highlights the barriers to aid effectiveness and development.  These include corruption, slow economic growth and aid distributions focused more on political and security priorities than Afghan needs.  Twelve recommendations are posed to the donor community and Afghan government. 

    PDF icon BAAG-Aid-Effectiveness-and-Economic-Development-FINAL.pdf
  • Integrity Watch Afghanistan: Hajigak - the Jewel of Afghan Mines , July 2011

    IWA reports on the potential opportunities - and risks - linked to plans to exploit Afghanistan’s largest iron mine.

    PDF icon Hajigak - the Jewel of Afghan Mine July 2011.pdf
  • UNODC: Corruption in Afghanistan: Bribery as Reported by the Victims, January 2010

    UN agency survey finds that corruption is Afghans’ biggest worry, with one in two people forced to pay bribes to officials.

    PDF icon UNODC Bribery as Repored by Victims Jan. 2010.pdf

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