Development

  • InterAction: Human security in Afghanistan - where do we go from here?, October 2014

    InterAction, based in Washington, D.C., is an alliance organization of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), with 180-plus members working around the world. InterAction serves as a convener, thought leader and voice of the NGO community.  Ahead of the London Conference on Afghanistan (4th December 2014), their Humanitarian Practice prepared the attached briefing paper to highlight issues of aid effectiveness and development support requiring the attention of governments and donors. 

    PDF icon InterAction Afghanistan policy paper Oct 2014 pdf (1).pdf
  • IMC: Livelihoods needs assessment at returnee sites, August 2014

    IMC - the International Medical Corp - has long worked in the settlements for Afghan returnees in the Eastern region.  From 2010 to 2012 they delivered vocational training and literacy programmes. In order to effectively respond to the community’s current needs, IMC initiated a focus group discussion in the returnee sites of Nangarhar and Kunar.  Their findings revealed that returnees in the assessed sites have a very low income (e.g. between $70-80 a month), which has further dropped due to insecurity and election dilemma.  Due to a lack of jobs, the returnees’ food intake is low and there are cases where children have dropped out of school and are now engaged in child labor.  Overall, most of the returnees believe they had a better life while they were living as refugees in Pakistan compared to living in their own country.

    PDF icon IMC returnee livelihoods assessment Afghanistan.pdf
  • Ministry of Public Health: National Nutrition Survey 2013, July 2014

    This report, by the Ministry of Public Health and UNICEF, is the first nationwide survey since 2004.  It finds that approximately one in 10 Afghan children under the age of five (9.7 per cent) are acutely malnourished; one in 25 children under five (4 per cent) are severely malnourished and at risk of death if not treated; and 2.2 million children, from an under five population of 4.8 million, are stunted.Nutrition treatment is only available in an approximate 26 per cent of health facilities in the country and only 2.5 per cent of children with acute malnutrition are registered in the Basic Package of Health Services (BPHS) or other nutrition programmes. 

    PDF icon Nat Nutrition Survey Afghanistan 2013.pdf
  • BAAG/LSE: Afghanistan in the British Print Media, June 2014

    BAAG commissioned student researchers from the London School of Economics to review the last 5 years of coverage of Afghanistan by the British print/online news media.  The findings confirmed our suspicions - only 4.3% of news articles focused on aid and development in the country, the majority were focused on the war, conflict and military intervention.  Moreover, many of those few articles regarding aid and development presented these in a negative light.  With the fear that interest and therefore funding to Afghanistan will wane with the withdrawal of international combat troops, BAAG's report looks at the role of the media in rebalancing the narrative about Afghanistan's future. 

    PDF icon BAAG Report Afg British Media Jun14.pdf
  • BAAG: Consolidated lessons learnt from donor conferences, June 2014

    BAAG is organising a large scale civil society conference ahead of the London Conference on Afghanistan which will take place in the UK towards the end of 2014, co-hosted by the UK and Afghan governments.  As part of our planning and consultation process, we contacted various organisations involved in previous donor conferences on Afghanistan, such as those held in London, Bonn and Tokyo.  This report captures their feedback on the challenges faced in ensuring Afghan civil society has a voice in such conferences, but also indicates how progressive improvements have been made in recent years. 

    PDF icon Consolidated lessons learnt re. donor conferences 210514.pdf
  • AREU: The A to Z Guide to Assistance in Afghanistan 12th edition, May 2014

    The twelfth edition of the A to Z Guide. This seminal document provides an extensive glossary of assistance terms, an overview of Afghanistan’s system of government, key primary documents, and an extensive contact directory that includes government agencies, NGOs, donors and international actors.

    PDF icon AREU A to Z 2014.pdf
  • E-International Relations: Aid Rentierism & State Building in Afghanistan, May 2014

    PhD student Sarajuddin Isar provides analysis on how the Afghan government's dependence on international aid has adversely affected its state building efforts.

    PDF icon Sarajuddin, A Blessing or a Curse.pdf
  • Save the Children: State of the World's Mothers, May 2014

    2014 sees Afghanistan rising to 146/178 countries in terms of it's maternal health and support - this is a huge improvement on it's bottom ranking in both 2010 and 2011.  Save the Children's report highlights the plight of maternal healthcare in conflict-affected countries and reports on how Afghanistan looks set to achieve the Millenium Development Goal on maternal health. 

    PDF icon State of the Worlds Mothers 2014.pdf
  • IRC: What next for Afghanistan? April 2014

    IRC conducted indepth interviews with over 100 of their national Afghan staff to understand their perspectives, and those of the communities in which they live and work, regarding current and anticipated security and development issues.  Their comments form the basis of this detailed study of Afghanistan in 2014, as international troops withdraw, a new government is elected and as the international community takes stock of progress to date.  The report also provides practical recommendations for the international community, including: Make a long-term commitment to the people of Afghanistan; break the cycle of displacement and continue to offer refuge, resettlement and asylum to vulnerable Afghans who cannot yet safely return home; use limited resources effectively by coordinating and sharing information so that assistance is more targeted and reaches all in need. 

    PDF icon IRC What next for Afghanistan.pdf
  • ICAI: DFID's Bilateral Support to Growth & Livelihoods in Afghanistan, March 2014

    The Independent Commission for Aid Impact (ICAI) reviewed 5 of DFID's growth and livelihoods programmes, totalling £97.8 million from 2006-2018.  Whilst their fieldwork indicated positive differences being made to beneficiaries, they were unclear how such impacts in the long term can be sustained.  Given the political, military and economic transitions of 2014, ICAI comment that 'DFID faces a challenge to ensure that its future growth and livelihoods portfolio is sufficiently coherent and flexible, given an increasingly uncertain future.'  These issues are faced by most international NGOs and donors and ICAI's recommendations are relevant to us all. 

    PDF icon ICAI-Report-DFID’s-Bilateral-Support-to-Growth-and-Livelihoods-in-Afghanistan.pdf
  • Islamic Relief: Afghanistan in Limbo, March 2014

    Islamic Relief's report raises their concerns that significant aid cuts - both those realised recently and anticipated - could derail the progress made in Afghanistan in the last decade.  The report points out that aid has fallen from $894 million in 2011 to $508 million in 2013, and less than a fifth of the UN’s humanitarian plan for 2014 has been funded so far. The UK’s contribution to the international aid effort has dropped from an average of $296m per year from 2009 to 2011, to a pledged $178m a year from 2012 to 2017.Islamic Relief argues that rather than cut aid, the international community should maintain aid levels and concentrate on improving aid effectiveness.

    PDF icon Afghanistan in Limbo Islamic Relief Mar14.pdf
  • BAAG: Understanding Gender Programming & Issues in Afghanistan, March 2014

    BAAG's briefing paper was drafted ahead of our Getting it Right Gender Conference, held in London on March 26th & 27th.  It summarises key points raised during BAAG's earlier gender programme activities, including discussions by 4 leading Gender specialists on programme successes and challenges (held in May 2013) and points raised  during a week of discussions on violence against women & girls (VAWG) by 3 leading Afghan women's rights activitists (held in July 2013).The paper includes comments on the increased need for men and boys to be included in women's rights programming, the need for experienced and specialist staff to design and run gender programmes and the dangers of inconsistent gender policies within the donor community. 

    PDF icon BAAG Briefing Note_Understanding Gender_FINAL.pdf
  • Samuel Hall: “A Study of Poverty, Food Security and Resilience in Afghan Cities, 2014

    This study was funded by the European Union and conducted by Samuel Hall, DRC (Danish Refugee Council) and PIN (People in Need). It provides new insights into the nature, level and complexity of poverty, food security and resilience issues among urban households in Afghanistan. It compares the experiences of host communities, IDPs and returnees across the five major Afghan cities and provides evidence-based recommendations for practical action and policy reform to more effectively address urban poverty.

    PDF icon SH DRC-PIN-Urban-Poverty-Report.pdf
  • TMAF: Report of the Special Joint Coordination & Monitoring Board Meeting, January 2014

    After the Senior Officials Meeting in July 2013, there followed a JCMB meeting in January 2014 to review progress against the six areas of commitment for the Government of Afghanistan and international community outlined in the TMAF (Tokyo Mutual Accountability Framework) of 2012.  This report highlights progress to date and challenges remaining.  A Dari version is provided in our 'Reports in Dari' section.

    PDF icon JCMB Joint Report English-Final Version.pdf
  • TMAF: Report of the Special Joint Coordination & Monitoring Board Meeting (Dari), January 2014

    After the Senior Officials Meeting in July 2013, there followed a JCMB meeting in January 2014 to review progress against the six areas of commitment for the Government of Afghanistan and international community outlined in the TMAF (Tokyo Mutual Accountability Framework) of 2012.  This report highlights progress to date and challenges remaining.  An English version is provided in the 'Development' section. 

    PDF icon JCMB Joint Report Dari-Final Version.pdf

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