Human rights

  • APPRO: Afghanistan Rights Monitor - Baseline Report, April 2016

    Afghanistan Public Policy Research Organization (APPRO) has recently launched the Afghanistan Rights Monitor (ARM), a monitoring project designed to support informed policy and action on fundamental Civic, Social, and Economic rights protection and promotion through applied research, capacity development, and constructive advocacy. Regular monitoring will take place three times per year to report on significant changes in the baseline conditions and possible responses by civil society through constructive advocacy and responsive action by government institutions.ARM is based on an exhaustive evaluation of fundamental rights standards, adapted to Afghanistan. 

    PDF icon 2016 05 02 - ARM Baseline Assessment.pdf
  • FCO: 2015 report on Human Rights & Democracy, April 2016

    As one of 30 priority countries for Britain's Foreign & Commonwealth Office, Afghanistan remains under scrutiny, and the report states 'The overall human rights picture in 2015 remained poor.' The report highlights areas such as civilian casualties and violence against women & girls. 

    PDF icon FCO755_Human_Rights_Report_2015_-_WEB.pdf
  • AJSC: The Reporting Heroes - a study on the condition of Afghan female journalists, March 2016

    The Afghan Journalists Safety Committee report on the dangers and prejudices faced by female Afghan journalists.  69% stated they experienced sexual harrasment within their workplace, from their male colleagues. Additionally they faced disapproval from family members and real danger to their lives from extremist groups or individuals. 

    PDF icon women-in-media-english.pdf
  • Child Soldiers International: Ongoing Recruitment and Use of Children by Parties to the Armed Conflict, March 2016

    The Afghan National Police (ANP) including the Afghan Local Police (ALP) and three armed groups including Taliban forces are listed as persistent perpetrators in the 2015 Annual Report of the UN Secretary-General to the Security Council on children and armed conflict for the recruitment and use of children.This briefing offers a set of recommendations, which, if implemented, would contribute to ending and preventing the recruitment and use of children by parties to the armed conflict in Afghanistan.

    PDF icon CSI afghanistanbriefingmarch2016.pdf
  • Refugee Support Network: After Return - documenting the experiences of young people forcibly removed to Afghanistan, April 2016

    2,018 young men who spent their formative teenage years in the UK care system have been sent back to Afghanistan over the past 9 years, often to very precarious and dangerous situations. Since March 2014, the Refugee Support Network has been systematically monitoring what happens to former child asylum seekers who have been forcibly removed to Afghanistan after turning 18. After Return documents their experiences and, for the first time, fills a vital evidence gap in their education, employment, health, and wellbeing outcomes.  

    PDF icon After Return_RSN_April 2016.pdf
  • NAI: Media Watch annual figures on violence against journalists, March 2016

    Nai, an Afghan NGO supporting open media in Afghanistan, runs a project called Media Watch which monitors violence against journalists, including an annual report. During 1394 (equivalent to mid March 2014-mid March 2015), there were  116 reported incidents, including murders, threats, detention and beatings.  This includes the 7 journalists killed by a Taliban suicide bomber in Kabul in January.   

    PDF icon Nai MW annual report1394 final.pdf
  • UN OHCHR: Report of the High Commissioner of Human Rights on the situation in Afghanistan, February 2016

    Reporting to the UN Human Rights Council, the High Commissioner's annual presentation made for grim reading. Despite some progress by the Afghan government, the report found “a pervasive culture of impunity prevailed for perpetrators of human rights violations and abuses, in particular, attacks against the civilian population, violence against women, and torture and ill-treatment, killings and other forms of harm”.

    PDF icon UN OHRC report to Human Rights Council Feb 2016.pdf
  • UNAMA/ANSF: Age assessment guidelines to prevent & respond to child recruitment, February 2016

    To prevent and respond to child recruitment and use in the National Security Forces, and to improve age-verification mechanisms, the Government of Afghanistan officially launched age assessment guidelines. Prepared by experts, practitioners, and government officials, with the technical assistance of UNAMA and UNICEF, the age assessment guidelines are designed to be applied during any recruitment process into the Afghan security forces.

    PDF icon ANSF age_assessment_guidelines_eng 2015.pdf
  • Amnesty International: The state of the world's human rights, February 2016

    The Amnesty International Report 2015/16 states that in Afghanistan there was growing insecurity with insurgency and criminal activity worsening across the country. The first three months of 2015 were the most violent of any equivalent period on record. The Taliban increasingly attacked soft and civilian targets. The Ministry of Women’s Affairs registered thousands of cases of violence against women in the last nine months of the year. Threats, intimidation and attacks by a range of perpetrators against human rights defenders continued in a climate of impunity. The Afghan Parliament amended the Mass Media Law which journalists and human rights groups feared would further restrict freedom of expression. Afghanistan continued to apply the death penalty, often after unfair trials.

    PDF icon POL1025522016ENGLISH.PDF
  • UNAMA: Special Report on Kunduz Province, December 2015

    In addition to their twice-yearly Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict reports, UNAMA published this special report on the civilian casualties and human rights violations resulting from the Taliban siege and occupation of Kunduz city in October/November 2015. The report documents civilian deaths and injuries during the reporting period and presents preliminary findings on arbitrary killings, abductions, assault and other forms of violence, including threats and widespread criminality, the use of child fighters during the conflict, the impact on access to education, health, and freedom of movement. It provides a preliminary figure of 848 civilian casualties (289 deaths and 559 injured) that occurred in Kunduz province between 28 September and 13 October. These figures include 67 casualties (30 deaths and 37 injured) resulting from an airstrike carried out by international military forces on a Médecins Sans Frontières hospital on 3 October, an event that  is also examined in the report. [MSF reported later in December that the death toll had risen to 42]

    PDF icon UNAMA special_report_on_kunduz_province_12_december_2015.pdf
  • Paywand Afghanan Association: Afghan Women Penal System, Dec. 2015

    The report examines issues within the woman's penal system in Afghanistan.  Some of the many issues discussed in the report include the barriers female prisoners face in having a fair trial or accessing and using their basic legal rights. Woman prisoners deal with corruption from government provided defence lawyers, prison officials and within the court system. The report found that because they are poorly paid, many government-provided defence lawyers do not take their cases seriously. The report also notes that because a majority of these lawyers are men, many women have difficulty discussing their cases openly, mainly due to cultural taboos. Female prisoners and their children do have sufficient access to psychological, social and educational support or healthcare, noted the report. Among the other issues noted in the report, women and their children serve sentences inside prisons and detention centres that were designed for men.  The report also states that many female prisoners after leaving prison find it extremely difficult to reintegrate back into society. The report states that the problems faced by female prisoners inside prisons and centres, as well as the issue of their re-entry into society after their incarceration are rarely discussed in the media, civil society, or at the government level.

    PDF icon The-Afghan-Women-Penal-System_PAA-Research-Report.pdf
  • ICC: Report on Preliminary Examination Activities, Nov. 2015

    This report summarises the preliminary examination activities conducted by the Office between Nov. 1, 2014 and Oct. 31, 2015.  Following a thorough legal assessment of the information available, the Office is analysing the admissibility of potential cases arising from the conduct of three separate groups of alleged perpetrators: members of the Taliban and their affiliates (anti-government groups); members of Afghan government forces; and members of international forces.

    PDF icon OTP-PE-rep-2015-Eng.pdf
  • HRW: “What Are You Doing Here?” Police Abuses Against Afghans in Pakistan, Nov. 2015

    Hostility towards Afghans living in Pakistan is not new, but it increased dramatically after the so-called Pakistani Taliban, Tehreek-i-Taliban Pakistan, attacked the Army Public School in Peshawar on December 16, 2014, killing 145 people, including 132 children. Since then, Pakistani police have carried out raids on Afghan settlements, detained, harassed, and beaten Afghan men, extorted bribes, and demolished Afghan homes. Every Afghan interviewed by Human Rights Watch who had returned to Afghanistan said that fear of the police was the reason they had done so. Afghans remaining in Pakistan described a repeated pattern of arbitrary detention, extortion, and intimidation. Both registered and undocumented Afghans have been the victims of Pakistani police abuse.

    PDF icon pakistan1115_4up.pdf
  • BAAG: Policy position paper on Human Rights, July 2015

    Following the General Election in May 2015, BAAG and its members prepared a briefing pack for MPs and ministers.  These covered the themes of Governance, Human Rights, Service Delivery, Women's Rights and Humanitarian.  They each present an overview of the progress and remaining challenges in each area, and priority recommendations for the British government to consider in its support to Afghanistan. 

    PDF icon Policy Paper - HRs final version 22Jul15.pdf
  • HRW: The Mediterranean Migration Crisis, June 2015

    Human rights abuses in their home countries are the driving force behind the surge in boat migration in the Mediterranean to reach Europe, report Human Rights Watch. The first half of 2015 has seen a huge increase in the number of refugees and asylum seekers risking their lives in overcramped boats.  HRW has interviewed over 150 such people, the majority of whom come from Afghanistan, Syria and Somalia.  Their stories reveal the extent of rights abuses and violence in all three countries.  The report also calls on the EU to respond to their needs and rights in seeking refuge and asylum. 

    PDF icon HRW Mediterranean Crisis Jun15.pdf