Human rights

  • CPJ: Getting Away with Murder - 2016 Global Impunity Index, October 2016

    The Committee for Protection of Journalist's has produced its annual report, spotlighting countries where journalists are slain and the killers go free. The worst country for the second year in a row is Somalia, where the militant group al-Shabaab is suspected in the majority of media murders, followed by Iraq and Syria, where members of the militant group Islamic State murdered at least six journalists in the past year.Afghanistan ranks 7th,  where over the past year, the Taliban has assailed journalists with threats and assaults, including an attack on the popular privately owned station Tolo TV in January 2016. No journalists died in the attack, but seven staff were killed.

    PDF icon cpj_impunity_pages.pdf
  • Save the Children: Afghan Children Cannot Wait, September 2016

    Last year, half of the unaccompanied minors seeking asylum in Europe were from Afghanistan, fleeing poverty, limited education and livelihood opportunities and violence. Unless the Afghan government invests in their future in Afghanistan, Save the Children is concerned that more children may decide to undertake the perilous journey of moving to Europe.As leaders meet in Brussels to discuss the future of Afghanistan, Save the Children calls on the Afghan government, the EU and international donors to step up their investment in the future of Afghan children. Despite progress over the last decade, progress remain fragile and could be undermined by the recent escalation of violence and displacements. It is time now to sustain and increase investment in health, education and protection.

    PDF icon SCUK Brussels conference on Afghanistan. Brief. Oct.2016.pdf
  • Friends of Hazara: Equality and Social Justice, September 2016

    Friends of Hazara call on the Afghan government and international donors to ensure greater commitment to equality for all religious and minority ethnic groups in Afghanistan. Ahead of the upcoming Brussels Conference, they provide targeted recommendations centring on greater transparency in government decisions and appointments, greater inclusion of civil society in such policy developments, and the prioritisation of the protection of minorities. Additionally, they state that the new Citizen's Charter must include robust tools and mechanisms to monitor its implementation. 

    PDF icon FOH BCA Position paper - Equality and Social Justice.pdf
  • Afghanistan Journalists Federation: Position Paper, September 2016

    The Afghanistan Journalists Federation calls on the international community at the Brussels Conference to ensure that press freedom in Afghanistan is protected in light of increasing security and censorship concerns. It calls specifically for greater accountability from the Afghan government in providing information, implementing press freedom laws and ensuring the safety of journalists. It highlights the many difficulties Afghan media and journalists have faced over the last few years, and reiterates the importance of sustainable media during the decade of transformation.

    PDF icon Afghan Journalists Federation BCA Position paper.pdf
  • HRW: Hazardous Child Labour in Afghanistan, July 2016

    At least a quarter of Afghan children between ages 5 and 14 work for a living or to help their families. Many are employed in jobs that can result in illness, injury, or even death due to hazardous working conditions and poor enforcement of safety and health standards.In April 2010, Afghanistan ratified both of the key international treaties related to child labor: International Labour Organization (ILO) Convention No. 182 on the Worst Forms of Child Labor, and Convention No. 138 on the Minimum Age of Employment. Despite these domestic laws and international obligations, child labor, including in some of the country’s most hazardous industries, is widespread in Afghanistan.

    PDF icon HRW Hazardous Child Labour Jul16.pdf
  • APPRO: Afghanistan Rights Monitor - Baseline Report, April 2016

    Afghanistan Public Policy Research Organization (APPRO) has recently launched the Afghanistan Rights Monitor (ARM), a monitoring project designed to support informed policy and action on fundamental Civic, Social, and Economic rights protection and promotion through applied research, capacity development, and constructive advocacy. Regular monitoring will take place three times per year to report on significant changes in the baseline conditions and possible responses by civil society through constructive advocacy and responsive action by government institutions.ARM is based on an exhaustive evaluation of fundamental rights standards, adapted to Afghanistan. 

    PDF icon 2016 05 02 - ARM Baseline Assessment.pdf
  • FCO: 2015 report on Human Rights & Democracy, April 2016

    As one of 30 priority countries for Britain's Foreign & Commonwealth Office, Afghanistan remains under scrutiny, and the report states 'The overall human rights picture in 2015 remained poor.' The report highlights areas such as civilian casualties and violence against women & girls. 

    PDF icon FCO755_Human_Rights_Report_2015_-_WEB.pdf
  • AJSC: The Reporting Heroes - a study on the condition of Afghan female journalists, March 2016

    The Afghan Journalists Safety Committee report on the dangers and prejudices faced by female Afghan journalists.  69% stated they experienced sexual harrasment within their workplace, from their male colleagues. Additionally they faced disapproval from family members and real danger to their lives from extremist groups or individuals. 

    PDF icon women-in-media-english.pdf
  • Child Soldiers International: Ongoing Recruitment and Use of Children by Parties to the Armed Conflict, March 2016

    The Afghan National Police (ANP) including the Afghan Local Police (ALP) and three armed groups including Taliban forces are listed as persistent perpetrators in the 2015 Annual Report of the UN Secretary-General to the Security Council on children and armed conflict for the recruitment and use of children.This briefing offers a set of recommendations, which, if implemented, would contribute to ending and preventing the recruitment and use of children by parties to the armed conflict in Afghanistan.

    PDF icon CSI afghanistanbriefingmarch2016.pdf
  • Refugee Support Network: After Return - documenting the experiences of young people forcibly removed to Afghanistan, April 2016

    2,018 young men who spent their formative teenage years in the UK care system have been sent back to Afghanistan over the past 9 years, often to very precarious and dangerous situations. Since March 2014, the Refugee Support Network has been systematically monitoring what happens to former child asylum seekers who have been forcibly removed to Afghanistan after turning 18. After Return documents their experiences and, for the first time, fills a vital evidence gap in their education, employment, health, and wellbeing outcomes.  

    PDF icon After Return_RSN_April 2016.pdf
  • NAI: Media Watch annual figures on violence against journalists, March 2016

    Nai, an Afghan NGO supporting open media in Afghanistan, runs a project called Media Watch which monitors violence against journalists, including an annual report. During 1394 (equivalent to mid March 2014-mid March 2015), there were  116 reported incidents, including murders, threats, detention and beatings.  This includes the 7 journalists killed by a Taliban suicide bomber in Kabul in January.   

    PDF icon Nai MW annual report1394 final.pdf
  • UN OHCHR: Report of the High Commissioner of Human Rights on the situation in Afghanistan, February 2016

    Reporting to the UN Human Rights Council, the High Commissioner's annual presentation made for grim reading. Despite some progress by the Afghan government, the report found “a pervasive culture of impunity prevailed for perpetrators of human rights violations and abuses, in particular, attacks against the civilian population, violence against women, and torture and ill-treatment, killings and other forms of harm”.

    PDF icon UN OHRC report to Human Rights Council Feb 2016.pdf
  • UNAMA/ANSF: Age assessment guidelines to prevent & respond to child recruitment, February 2016

    To prevent and respond to child recruitment and use in the National Security Forces, and to improve age-verification mechanisms, the Government of Afghanistan officially launched age assessment guidelines. Prepared by experts, practitioners, and government officials, with the technical assistance of UNAMA and UNICEF, the age assessment guidelines are designed to be applied during any recruitment process into the Afghan security forces.

    PDF icon ANSF age_assessment_guidelines_eng 2015.pdf
  • Amnesty International: The state of the world's human rights, February 2016

    The Amnesty International Report 2015/16 states that in Afghanistan there was growing insecurity with insurgency and criminal activity worsening across the country. The first three months of 2015 were the most violent of any equivalent period on record. The Taliban increasingly attacked soft and civilian targets. The Ministry of Women’s Affairs registered thousands of cases of violence against women in the last nine months of the year. Threats, intimidation and attacks by a range of perpetrators against human rights defenders continued in a climate of impunity. The Afghan Parliament amended the Mass Media Law which journalists and human rights groups feared would further restrict freedom of expression. Afghanistan continued to apply the death penalty, often after unfair trials.

    PDF icon POL1025522016ENGLISH.PDF
  • UNAMA: Special Report on Kunduz Province, December 2015

    In addition to their twice-yearly Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict reports, UNAMA published this special report on the civilian casualties and human rights violations resulting from the Taliban siege and occupation of Kunduz city in October/November 2015. The report documents civilian deaths and injuries during the reporting period and presents preliminary findings on arbitrary killings, abductions, assault and other forms of violence, including threats and widespread criminality, the use of child fighters during the conflict, the impact on access to education, health, and freedom of movement. It provides a preliminary figure of 848 civilian casualties (289 deaths and 559 injured) that occurred in Kunduz province between 28 September and 13 October. These figures include 67 casualties (30 deaths and 37 injured) resulting from an airstrike carried out by international military forces on a Médecins Sans Frontières hospital on 3 October, an event that  is also examined in the report. [MSF reported later in December that the death toll had risen to 42]

    PDF icon UNAMA special_report_on_kunduz_province_12_december_2015.pdf