Peacebuilding

  • AREU: Transitional Justice - Views from the Ground on How Afghanistan Fares, November 2016

    Transitional justice is a vehicle that renews the trust between the population and the state. It is the range of processes and mechanisms associated with society’s attempts to come to terms with the legacy of large-scale abuses, to ensure accountability, serve justice, and achieve reconciliation. Speaking to respondents across five Afghan provinces, this study seeks the views of Afghans on their preferred transitional justice policies, and whether these policies should be a precursor or linked to the peace process. Further, the research specifically seeks the views on whether any type of compromises should be made in the current context. In particular, it asks across five provinces whether accountability for past human rights abuses remains a priority. A Policy Note accompanies this, Perceptions of Peace and Justice from the Field - Eleven Years after ‘A Call for Justice'

    PDF icon AREU Transitional Justice-Views from the Ground on How Afghanistan Fares.pdf, PDF icon AREU Perceptions of Peace and Justice from the Field -- Eleven Years after “A Call for Justice.pdf
  • Cordaid: Peace is Priority No. 1, August 2016

    In this submission for the upcoming Brussels Conference, Cordaid calls for renewed national and international commitment to peace in Afghanistan. Seeing it as a prerequisite for equitable and sustainable development in the country, they propose inclusive, locally-owned dialogue to be underpinned by strong, sincere regional and international support. Part of their proposal includes a 'Group of Friends of the Afghan Peace Process', bringing together women, youth, civil society and warring parties in negotiations to boost chances of long-term stability and security. 

    PDF icon Peace is Priority No 1_Submission for the Brussels Conference on Afghani....pdf
  • Institute for Economics & Peace, Global Peace Index 2016, June 2016

    The Institute's annual report places Afghanistan as the 4th least peaceful country, and records a deterioration in the country's overall peace score. While still accounting for a small percentage of the total number of global violent deaths, terrorism has grown steadily over the past decade and the majority of terrorist activity is highly concentrated in five countries: Iraq, Nigeria, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Syria. In addition a re-escalation of the conflict environment in Afghanistan saw a 427 per cent increase in yearly internal conflict deaths from the 2008 to 2016, from 4,210 to 22,170.

    PDF icon Global Peace Index 2016 Report.pdf
  • Bond: What Development Means to Diaspora Communities, Nov. 2015

    This report examines the relationship between Diaspora communities and INGOs. The report states that both Diaspora communities and INGOs want to create positive change in developing countries, but their priorities, strategies and ways of working differ substantively. The report also notes that given their different approaches, they often operate in parallel to each other, with few regular opportunities to interact and collaborate. Communication and engagement have to be planned endeavours that take up resources and require capacity. Diasporas tend to lack trust in INGOs and their effectiveness. Moreover, the language and images used by INGOs often lead to mistrust, frustration and a sense of disconnection. Many Diaspora communities believe that INGOs perpetuate negative stereotypes and oversimplify the serious issues that affect the lives of their families and friends in their countries of origin. The report also makes recommendations on how to improve this relationship between Diaspora communities and INGOs.                                                                                               

    PDF icon what-development-means-to-diaspora-communities-1115.pdf
  • UN Women: Report on UNSCR1325, October 2015

    In 2000, the Security Council adopted resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security—the first resolution to link women’s experiences of conflict to international peace and security. In October 2015 in New York, the Security Council convened a High-level Review to assess 15 years of progress, informed by this Global Study, "Preventing Conflict, Transforming Justice, Securing the Peace." Afghanistan features prominently as a country which has struggled to implement the resolution, but seen some progress.At the launch of the report Member States made concrete, financial commitments to fund the Study's recommendations.

    PDF icon UNW-GLOBAL-STUDY-1325-2015.pdf
  • International Crisis Group: The Future of the Afghan Local Police, June 2015

    The Afghan Local Police (ALP) began as a small U.S. experiment but grew into a significant part of Afghanistan’s security apparatus. The ALP has perhaps 29,000 men deployed in 29 of 34 provinces.  Whilst in some districts the ALP has enhanced security, in others it is considered a primary cause of security deterioration.  International Crisis Group's report explores the reasons for this and poses recommendations for the Afghan government, US Dept. of State and donor countries. 

    PDF icon IntCrisisGp-the-future-of-the-ALP.pdf
  • Institute for Economics & Peace: Global Peace Index 2015, June 2015

    The 2015 Global Peace Index shows that the world is becoming increasingly divided with some countries enjoying unprecedented levels of peace and prosperity while others spiral further into violence and conflict. Syria remains the world’s least peaceful country, followed by Iraq and Afghanistan. The world is less peaceful today than it was in 2008. The indicators that have deteriorated the most are the number of refugees and IDPs, the number of deaths from internal conflict and the impact of terrorism. Last year alone it is estimated that 20,000 people were killed in terrorist attacks up from an average of 2,000 a year only 10 years ago. The total economic impact of violence last year reached US$14.3 trillion, or 13.4% of global GDP. That’s equivalent to the combined economies of Canada, France, Germany, Spain and the UK.

    PDF icon Global Peace Index Report 2015_0.pdf
  • Fund for Peace: Fragile States Index 2015, June 2015

    The Fragile States Index, produced by The Fund for Peace, is a critical tool in highlighting not only the normal pressures that all states experience, but also in identifying when those pressures are pushing a state towards the brink of failure.  It is an annual ranking of 178 nations based on their levels of stability and the pressures they face. Afghanistan remains a High Alert fragile state in 2015, with a worsening trend in the decade 2006-15.  However during 2014 specifically, it's state did not worsen significantly, and thus it is not reported on specifically within this report. 

    PDF icon fragilestatesindex-2015.pdf
  • Mercy Corps: Youth & Consequences - Unemployment, Injustice & Violence, April 2015

    Mercy Corps' report tackles some of the most persistent assumptions driving youth programming in fragile states. Drawing on interviews and surveys with youth in Afghanistan, Colombia and Somalia, the report finds the principal drivers of political violence are rooted not in poverty, but in experiences of injustice: discrimination, corruption and abuse by security forces.  In light of these findings, many familiar approaches — vocational training programmes, for instance, and civic engagement — are unlikely, in isolation, to have much effect on stability. A new approach is required, one that tackles the sources of instability, not just the symptoms.

    PDF icon MercyCorps_YouthConsequencesReport_2015.pdf
  • Mercy Corps: Does youth employment build stability?, January 2015

    Mercy Corp's INVEST programme (Introducing New Vocational Education and Skills Training) in Helmand provided a valuable opportunity to explore the economic reasons that may lead to a propensity towards political violence and insurgency.  Though not an original hypothesis of the programme, this quasi-experimental, mixed methodology impact evaluation contributes to research on the relationship between employment and stability. 

    PDF icon MercyCorps_youth employment stability Jan15.pdf
  • Oxfam: Behind Closed Doors, November 2014

    Oxfam's briefing paper comes at a critical time, ahead of the London Conference on Afghanistan (December 2014) and in the weeks following President Ghani's election.  Oxfam highlight the importance of the international community and the new Afghan government standing by their promises and including women fully in negotiations on the future of Afghanistan.  The new Afghan President Ashraf Ghani used his first day in office to call on the Taliban to join peace talks, and the momentum towards a formal political process is expected to build under the new government. But it is far from clear whether Afghan women will be given a seat at the table in these talks, and there are fears that women's rights may be bargained away behind doors amid efforts to reach a peace settlement.

    PDF icon bp200-behind-doors-afghan-women-rights-241114-en.pdf
  • Salah: Civil society recommendations for the NATO Summit 2014, September 2014

    These recommendations reflect civil society concerns over the imminent withdrawal of international combat troops, the restricted capacity of the Afghan security forces, and issues relating to their accountability.  Salah is a consortium of 8 Afghan civil society organisations focused on policy and advocacy for promoting peace and security. 

    PDF icon Afghanistan Peace and Security - SALAH 3.pdf
  • Heinrich Böll Stiftung: From hidden struggles towards political participation, July 2014

    The Heinrich Böll Stiftung (hbs) is a German foundation with a history of support to civil society in Afghanistan.  They collated this collection of interviews with Afghan women - activists, parliamentarians, professionals.  It presents a unique insight into the drive, will and determination of today's Afghan women to improve their situation and drive forward peace, security and development in Afghanistan.  

    PDF icon Afghan womens perspectives on pand s.pdf
  • Chatham House: Rebooting a Political Settlement, July 2014

    As part of their Afghanistan: Opportunity in Crisis programme, Chatham House review how the political reconciliation and peace-building process in Afghanistan is faltering.  Events of the last year - the Taliban office opening in Doha, the prisoner exchange between US soldier Bowe Bergdahl and 5 Talib inmates of Guantanamo Bay - have progressed the cause, but not to their full potential.  Meanwhile, the tactics of the international government involvement come under scrutiny. 

    PDF icon CH Rebooting a political settlement Jul14.pdf
  • FCO: UK National Action Plan on Women, Peace & Security, June 2014

    The Foreign & Commonwealth Office's 3rd National Action Plan was launched at the Ending Sexual Violence in Conflict Summit in London.  The NAP reflects the government's aim to put women in a central role in the prevention and resolution of conflict.  With Afghanistan as a priority country, the outputs and activities will help support meaningful results for women in the government's programmes and those of their partners.  

    PDF icon UK 2014-17_NAP Women Peace Security.pdf

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