Peacebuilding

  • Fund for Peace: Fragile States Index 2015, June 2015

    The Fragile States Index, produced by The Fund for Peace, is a critical tool in highlighting not only the normal pressures that all states experience, but also in identifying when those pressures are pushing a state towards the brink of failure.  It is an annual ranking of 178 nations based on their levels of stability and the pressures they face. Afghanistan remains a High Alert fragile state in 2015, with a worsening trend in the decade 2006-15.  However during 2014 specifically, it's state did not worsen significantly, and thus it is not reported on specifically within this report. 

    PDF icon fragilestatesindex-2015.pdf
  • Mercy Corps: Youth & Consequences - Unemployment, Injustice & Violence, April 2015

    Mercy Corps' report tackles some of the most persistent assumptions driving youth programming in fragile states. Drawing on interviews and surveys with youth in Afghanistan, Colombia and Somalia, the report finds the principal drivers of political violence are rooted not in poverty, but in experiences of injustice: discrimination, corruption and abuse by security forces.  In light of these findings, many familiar approaches — vocational training programmes, for instance, and civic engagement — are unlikely, in isolation, to have much effect on stability. A new approach is required, one that tackles the sources of instability, not just the symptoms.

    PDF icon MercyCorps_YouthConsequencesReport_2015.pdf
  • Mercy Corps: Does youth employment build stability?, January 2015

    Mercy Corp's INVEST programme (Introducing New Vocational Education and Skills Training) in Helmand provided a valuable opportunity to explore the economic reasons that may lead to a propensity towards political violence and insurgency.  Though not an original hypothesis of the programme, this quasi-experimental, mixed methodology impact evaluation contributes to research on the relationship between employment and stability. 

    PDF icon MercyCorps_youth employment stability Jan15.pdf
  • Oxfam: Behind Closed Doors, November 2014

    Oxfam's briefing paper comes at a critical time, ahead of the London Conference on Afghanistan (December 2014) and in the weeks following President Ghani's election.  Oxfam highlight the importance of the international community and the new Afghan government standing by their promises and including women fully in negotiations on the future of Afghanistan.  The new Afghan President Ashraf Ghani used his first day in office to call on the Taliban to join peace talks, and the momentum towards a formal political process is expected to build under the new government. But it is far from clear whether Afghan women will be given a seat at the table in these talks, and there are fears that women's rights may be bargained away behind doors amid efforts to reach a peace settlement.

    PDF icon bp200-behind-doors-afghan-women-rights-241114-en.pdf
  • Salah: Civil society recommendations for the NATO Summit 2014, September 2014

    These recommendations reflect civil society concerns over the imminent withdrawal of international combat troops, the restricted capacity of the Afghan security forces, and issues relating to their accountability.  Salah is a consortium of 8 Afghan civil society organisations focused on policy and advocacy for promoting peace and security. 

    PDF icon Afghanistan Peace and Security - SALAH 3.pdf
  • Heinrich Böll Stiftung: From hidden struggles towards political participation, July 2014

    The Heinrich Böll Stiftung (hbs) is a German foundation with a history of support to civil society in Afghanistan.  They collated this collection of interviews with Afghan women - activists, parliamentarians, professionals.  It presents a unique insight into the drive, will and determination of today's Afghan women to improve their situation and drive forward peace, security and development in Afghanistan.  

    PDF icon Afghan womens perspectives on pand s.pdf
  • Chatham House: Rebooting a Political Settlement, July 2014

    As part of their Afghanistan: Opportunity in Crisis programme, Chatham House review how the political reconciliation and peace-building process in Afghanistan is faltering.  Events of the last year - the Taliban office opening in Doha, the prisoner exchange between US soldier Bowe Bergdahl and 5 Talib inmates of Guantanamo Bay - have progressed the cause, but not to their full potential.  Meanwhile, the tactics of the international government involvement come under scrutiny. 

    PDF icon CH Rebooting a political settlement Jul14.pdf
  • FCO: UK National Action Plan on Women, Peace & Security, June 2014

    The Foreign & Commonwealth Office's 3rd National Action Plan was launched at the Ending Sexual Violence in Conflict Summit in London.  The NAP reflects the government's aim to put women in a central role in the prevention and resolution of conflict.  With Afghanistan as a priority country, the outputs and activities will help support meaningful results for women in the government's programmes and those of their partners.  

    PDF icon UK 2014-17_NAP Women Peace Security.pdf
  • High Peace Council: Joint Declaration with Civil Society Organisations, September 2013

    Over the course of 2013, a number of Afghan Civil Society Organisations have been in discussion with the High Peace Council, sharing ideas and opinions on the role of civil society in the peace talks and Afghanistan's peaceful future.  In September they agreed a framework of cooperation and coordination which they believe will support a peace process that is inclusive, guarantees the rights of all Afghans and protects national interests.  The framework and joint declaration can be read here.  These documents are also available in the Reports in Dari section. 

    PDF icon Civil Society and High Peace Council Joint Declaration - English.pdf, PDF icon Civil Society and High Peace Council Cooperation Framework - English.pdf
  • International Alert: Conflict Ideas Forum 4, September 2013

    For its 4th Conflict Ideas Forum in June 2013, International Alert convened an informal meeting of representatives of civil society, academia and aid agencies in London. The purpose was to discuss the realities and myths associated with the international military withdrawal from Afghanistan in 2014 and its potential consequences on local conflicts within the wider region,with a view to identifying possible peacebuilding interventions.  BAAG Director Jawed Nader participated in these discussions.

    PDF icon Int Alert ConflictIdeasForum4_Summary_ Jun2013.pdf
  • Danish Institute for International Studies: Taliban Talks, March 2013

    Taliban Talks: Past, present and prospects for the US, Afghanistan and Pakistan takes stock of the efforts to achieve some level of reconciliation with the Taliban after more than 11 years of war. It deals with the recent history of initiatives to engage with the Taliban, outlines the challenges to these initiatives and derives some recommendations for how to move forward with the peace processes. 

    PDF icon DIIS Taliban Talks Jun2013.pdf
  • RUSI: Taliban Perspectives on Reconciliation, September 2012

    This paper, from the Royal United Services Institute in London, is based on interviews with four senior Taliban interlocutors about the Taliban's approach to reconciliation.  It focuses on their views on three main issues: international terrorism and the Taliban's links with al-Qaeda and other armed non-state actors, the potential for a ceasefire and parameters for conflict resolution and the continuing presence of US military bases in Afghanistan.

    PDF icon Taliban Perspectives on Reconciliation Sept. 2012.pdf
  • ActionAid/Womankind/IDS: From the Ground Up, September 2012

    This report examines the role of women in local peacebuilding initiatives.  Based on research in Afghanistan, Liberia, Nepal, Pakistan and Sierra Leone, it demonstrates how men and women define peace differently and identifies a series of barriers to women's participation in peacebuilding.  It  sets out a  series of recommendations to designed remove those barriers and ensure women's participation.

    PDF icon From the Ground Up Sept. 2012.pdf
  • BAAG: Peacebuilding in Afghanistan and Perspectives on Civil Society's Role, September 2012

    A report of workshop proceedings which took place in Dublin, the Republic of Ireland, from 23-27 February 2012. It was organised by the British and Irish Agencies Afghanistan Group in association with Glencree Centre for Peace and Reconciliation. It was attended by 17 Afghan peacebuilders and civil society activists from across Afghanistan, as well as peace practitioners, politicians and civil society representatives from other conflict areas. The aim was to discuss peacebuilding and facilitate an exchange of ideas about civil society’s role in peace processes. The workshop sessions explored a range of perspectives on the peace processes in Northern Ireland and the Balkans.

    PDF icon BAAG-2012-peace-building-rep final.pdf
  • World Bank: Winning Hearts and Minds through Development, July 2012

    This policy research working paper, based on a field experiment in Afghanistan, examines the effectiveness of development programmes in countering insurgency.  Its findings suggest that such programmes have a generally positive impact in relatively secure areas, but have little effect in areas which already have high levels of violence.

    PDF icon World Bank Winning Hearts and Minds through Development July 2012.pdf

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