Refugees & IDPs

  • State of the world’s emergencies: A briefing for UK parliamentarians, October 2017

    This briefing has been put together by a significant number of international non-governmental organisations (NGOs) under the leadership of Bond’s Humanitarian and Conflict Policy groups. These NGOs are either actively operational in these contexts or working to raise awareness in the UK of the challenges faced by people experiencing humanitarian disasters, conflict and upheaval. Afghanistan is featured in a section of this report where it describes its fragility and its need for continuos international support. 

    PDF icon bond_state_of_the_worlds_emergencies_2017.pdf
  • Labour and Housing market systems in Nangarhar Province, Eastern Afghanistan (Complex Conflict, Displacement, and Returnee Influx) Emergency Market Mapping and Analysis

    This Emergency Market Mapping and Analysis (EMMA) was undertaken from March to April 2017 in Nangarhar by a team of Oxfam and AHEAD staff to understand the impacts of the repatriation of undocumented returnees and registered refugees from Pakistan into the province, in addition to persons forcibly displaced – IDPs, on two critical market systems: income earning from casual labour, and housing. 

    PDF icon Oxfam_EMMA_Nangarhar_Report_May_2017.pdf
  • USIP: The Afghan Refugee Crisis in 2016, February 2017

    During 2016, unprecedented numbers (hundreds of thousands) of Afghan refugees from Pakistan and Iran returned to Afghanistan.  The Afghan government and aid agencies have struggled to support these people who add to another 1 million internally displaced people. This United States Institute of Peace report highlights the growing humanitarian crisis and security issues, as well as the economic strain faced by the returnees and state. 

    PDF icon USIP-The-Afghan-Refugee-Crisis-in-2016.pdf
  • HRW: Pakistan coercion, UN complicity, February 2017

    Human Rights Watch's report—based on 115 interviews with refugee returnees in Afghanistan and Afghan refugees and undocumented Afghans in Pakistan, and further corroborated by UN reports that present the reasons thousands of Afghans gave for coming home—documents how Pakistan’s pressure on Afghan refugees left many of them with no choice but to leave Pakistan in 2016. Further HRW criticise UNHCR for failing to condemn Pakistan's approach, and also questions their financial support to returnees. 

    PDF icon HRW pakistan returnees 0217_web.pdf
  • WRN: Afghanistan's internally displaced women - complex realities, September 2016

    The Women's Regional Network documented the everyday realities of internally displaced Afghan women, as they cope with disrupted livelihoods, divided families and destroyed homesteads. WRN conducted a study among the IDP population in Kabul. Conversations with the IDP population reveals several shortfalls in the National Policy with regards to addressing the needs of longterm IDPs in Kabul. Their report highlights issues such as child labour, health and hygiene, and rights violations.  This report contains recommendations, as does the attached recommendations specific to the Brussels Conference on Afghanistan in October 2016. 

    PDF icon WRN_Internally displaced womenSEPT2016_web.pdf, PDF icon WRN Afghanistan document for Brussels on IDP women.pdf
  • UNHCR: This is who we are, October 2016

    Amidst the unprecedented numbers of refugees and migrants arriving in Europe in 2015 there was also a high number of unaccompanied and separated children (UASC). More than half of these were Afghan nationals.This study was conducted in collaboration with the Swedish Migration Agency. It aims to provide an overview of who these Afghan UASC are, what made them decide to undertake such a long and difficult journey, what happened along the way, and why they ultimately chose Sweden as their destination.While UASC leaving from Afghanistan stated security-related reasons, including conflict and violence, as their primary reason for leaving, UASC leaving from Iran primarily referred to discrimination and lack of documentation. Economic reasons were only mentioned by a small fraction of all UASC interviewed. They reported experiencing acute distress and severe protection incidents in Iran, Turkey and throughout the Balkan route. 

    PDF icon UNHCR ThisIsWhoWeAre.pdf
  • UNICEF: Humanitarian Sit Rep 3, October 2016

    Since OCHA launched its Returnees Flash Appeal in September, Unicef and other agencies have been responding to the staggering number of Afghans crossing back into the country from Pakistan, Iran and further afield. By early October, there are 7,400 people crossing the border every day.  Many require health and nutrition support, whilst education and child protection interventions are also a priority. 

    PDF icon UNICEF Afghanistan Humanitarian Situation Report #3 - 12 October 2016.pdf
  • OCHA: Flash Appeal - One Million People on the Move, September 2016

    With over 5,000 displaced Afghans returning from Pakistan each day in recent weeks, UN OCHA has launched an emergency flash appeal for funds to respond to this growing humanitarian crisis. The humanitarian impact of prolonged conflict in Afghanistan is severe. More than 1.1 million people have been displaced from their homes by the conflict, including more than 245,000 people since the beginning of 2016. As the conflict ensues, humanitarian needs are increasing and access constraints have escalated. Meanwhile political decisions in Pakistan have seen many Afghan refugees forced to return at unprecedented rates. 

    PDF icon OCHA afg_2016_flash_appeal_web.pdf
  • IRC: Afghan refugees and the European refugee crisis, July 2016

    Afghan refugees make up 21% of the over 1 million refugees who have fled to Europe since January 2015, fleeing a country with a worsening security situation and few prospects for its people. This briefing focuses on Afghan refugees and the European Refugee Crisis, and the continued conflict in the country from which they fled. In the briefing the IRC calls for action in four areas:1. Ensure a fair, thorough and effective asylum process for all nationalities2. Expand relocation to Afghans and accelerate family unity transfers from Greece to other EU countries3. Ensure Afghans and other non-Syrians in Turkey have meaningful access to temporary protection4. Commit to an expanded resettlement programme and safe alternative pathways into Europe

    PDF icon IRC European Refugee Crisis - Afghanistan briefing final (1).pdf
  • UNHCR: Global Trends Forced Migration report 2015, June 2016

    UNHCR's annual global report paints a bleak and shocking picture - by the end of 2015, one in 113 people was a refugee, displaced or an asylum seeker. Afghanistan continues to be the second largest country of origin, behind Syria. But 2015 saw increased voluntary returns of refugees, particularly to Afghanistan - yet this is a drop in the ocean.  Afghanistan also saw a large number of new internally displaced people in 2015 (492,600). 

    PDF icon UNHCR-Global-Trends-2015.pdf
  • CIDOB: The voices behind the refugee outflow from Afghanistan, June 2016

    The current narrative in the West explaining why Afghans are leaving is media-centric and misleading. Media commentary and the social media frenzy make little mention of the real voices of those Afghans who are leaving, often opting for a life of uncertainty in hopes of obtaining a refugee status in Western countries. Is leaving an easy decision? What factors are considered in choosing the target destination? How are the deteriorating socioeconomic conditions in the region affecting Afghans’ choice to leave their country? CIDOB (Barcelona Centre for International Affairs) conducted semi-structured interviews with a number of Afghans, independent experts and researchers, during the period from January to April 2016.

    PDF icon CIDOB Voices behind Refugees Jun16.pdf
  • Samuel Hall: Urban Displaced Youth in Kabul - Mental Health Matters, June 2016

    Youth and their households may not be well versed in the requirements of Afghan cities. They may not have the contacts or networks to secure jobs. As this three-part study reveals, youth mainly turn to community leaders and religious leaders for advice, as they consider their parents ill-equipped to support them. This study reveals the invisible trauma of conflict on the young generation, the geographic boundaries and borders within a city that divides neighbourhoods and limits options offered to youth, the marginalization and isolation of the displaced youth in particular who suffer from mental health needs that are now increasingly being voiced, and the rise of criminality and urban insecurity that make all – especially female youth – insecure.

    PDF icon Samuel Hall UDY-Chapter-1-Mental-Health.pdf
  • Amnesty International: "My children will die this winter", May 2016

    Amnesty International calls on the Afghan government and the international community to do much more in tackling the country's growing displacement crisis. In just three years, the number of people who have been forced to flee their homes due to war has more than doubled to 1.2 million, with an average of nearly 1,000 newly displaced people per day in the first four months of 2016 alone. Displaced communities often find themselves living in squalid conditions, with minimal access to adequate housing, food, education or healthcare. The implementation of the government's 2014 IDP Policy has thus far failed to make any significant impact, mostly due to a lack of political will and capacity. 

    PDF icon AI My children will die this winter May16.PDF
  • AAN: We knew they had no future in Kabul, April 2016

    This study by Afghanitan Analysts Network and FES explores the reasons behind Afghanistan’s increased migration, by focusing on the discussions and decisions at the household level. Afghans are now the second largest group entering the European Union.There are clear information and knowledge gaps on the reasons behind the current, increased levels of Afghan migration. For this reason, this brief study aimed to explore the decision-making processes at the family level of a small number of migrants. It consisted of 12 in-depth, semi-structured interviews with selected Afghan households from which one or more members left for Europe in 2015.  

    PDF icon AAN-Migration-IVs-paper-Engl. Apr2016pdf.pdf
  • Refugee Support Network: After Return - documenting the experiences of young people forcibly removed to Afghanistan, April 2016

    2,018 young men who spent their formative teenage years in the UK care system have been sent back to Afghanistan over the past 9 years, often to very precarious and dangerous situations. Since March 2014, the Refugee Support Network has been systematically monitoring what happens to former child asylum seekers who have been forcibly removed to Afghanistan after turning 18. After Return documents their experiences and, for the first time, fills a vital evidence gap in their education, employment, health, and wellbeing outcomes.  

    PDF icon After Return_RSN_April 2016.pdf

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