Refugees & IDPs

  • Distant Dreams - Understanding the aspirations of Afghan returnees

    This report is based on 56 iinterviews with returnees from Iran, Pakistan and Europe. The research reveals returnees’ aspirations and hopes for their future, including psychosocial challenges when reintegrating and how those suffering from more severe psychosocial conditions after return have also considered re-migration as a solution.The report was commissioned and led by MMC Asia and carried out by Seefar.

    PDF icon Distant Dreams - Understanding the aspirations of Afghan returnees.pdf
  • No reason for returns to Afghanistan

    ECRE's policy note and recommendations for a suspension of returns to Afghanistan due to the security situation there and the unfairness of asylum decision-making in Europe. 

    PDF icon Policy-Note-17.pdf
  • Case law on return of asylum seekers to Afghanistan, 2017-2018

    This document compiles information from selected European countries, specifically, Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, The Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom. It covers cases from 2017 and 2018 that relate to the return of Afghan nationals, assessed in light of their personal circumstances and the security situation in the country. 

    PDF icon Case-Law-on-Return-of-Asylum-Seekers-to-Afghanistan-2017–2018.pdf
  • Returns and Displacment in Afghanistan - BAAG Policy Position Paper autumn 2018

    BAAG is pleased to present its autumn 2018 Policy Position Paper on Returns and Displacment in Afghanistan. Afghanistan has experienced unprecedented levels of returns in recent years and, compounded by exponential rises in internal displacement, the situation now constitutes a major humanitarian crisis. Through the input of several national and international organisations operating in/ on Afghanistan this paper offers an insight into the challenges facing Afghans residing in host countries and their subsequent return to Afghanistan.

    PDF icon Returns & Displacement Position Paper - Autumn 2018.pdf
  • Returning to what? The challenges displaced Afghans face in securing durable solutions

    NRC policy brief for the Geneva Conference on Afghanistan.

    PDF icon NRC-Policy_Brief-Return-screen.pdf
  • Ending the displacement trap: new opportunities for Afghans to achieve durable solutions

    ADSP briefing ahead of the Geneva Conference on Afghanistan.

    PDF icon ADSP_Briefing_Nov_18_Final.pdf
  • Solutions Strategy for Afghan Refugees 2018 - UNHCR

    The UNHCR has published a new report exploring methods and actions to support the implementation of a solutions strategy for Afghan refugees. After nearly four decades of protracted displacement, Afghan refugees still constitute just over 13 per cent of the global refugee population and one-fifth of the world’s protracted caseload, accounting for more than half of the 4.1 million refugees in protracted displacement of 20 years or longer. With almost 2.6 million registered refugees, Afghanistan remains the second largest country of origin in the world.This report looks into the roles of the three main actors influencing the lives of Afghan refugees - Iran, Pakistan and the government of Afghanistan - and looks to make recommendations for those actors to bring change to the current status quo. 

    PDF icon UNHCR - Solutions Strategy for Afghan Refugees 2018 - 2019.pdf
  • The Ripple Effect, Multidimensional impacts of internal displacement - 2018

    Internal displacment affects the lives of displaced people, their host communities and those they leave behind in many ways. The most urgent are threats to their physical safety, wellbeing and human rights. The Ripple Effect - by the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) looks to review the main impacts of internal displacment on IDPS, communities of origin and destination, affected local and national government and donors. The report presents the results of a systematic review of nearly 1,000 publications on the impacts of internal displacment in health, livelihoods, education, housing and infastructure, security, the evironment and social life. 

    PDF icon The Ripple Effect - IDMC - 2018.pdf
  • From Europe to Afghanistan - Experiences of Child Returnees - 2018

    This report was written for Save the Children by Samuel Hall, an independent think tank providing research and analysis in countries affected by issues of migration and displacement. This research is based on an understanding of children’s rights as defined in the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC), to which all European countries and Afghanistan are signatories. Save the Children is working in Afghanistan and Europe to find durable solutions to ensure the safe and dignified return of children, with the necessary guarantees in place to protect them. Until safe and sustainable returns can be guaranteed, Save the Children urge European governments to suspend the return of children to Afghanistan.Save the Children hope that this report can contribute to the dialogue around returns and increase knowledge and cooperation between all actors in Afghanistan and Europe to further the wellbeing of migrants, refugee and returnee children, young people and their families.

    PDF icon Save the Children - From Europe to Afghanistan - 2018.pdf
  • The Cycle of Struggle - written by Barin Sultani Haymon

    The Cycle of Struggle, A Human Security Perspective on Afghanistan's IDP Women presents and reflects on the perspectives of a cross-section of internally displaced women to promote the inclusion of this group in the ongoing discourse around IDPs.  The report endeavours to provide an avenue for IDP women to influence policies and programming by drawing attention to their needs. The author, Barin Haymon is an independant researcher whose work has primarily focused on Afghanistan, dealing with migration, security, social and economic issues. 

    PDF icon The Cycle of Struggle - A Human Security Perspective on Afghanistan's IDP Women.pdf
  • Displaced, Denied, Destroyed

    Rather than safe spaces for learning, schools in Afghanistan are increasingly becoming military, ideological and political battlegrounds. This briefing notes outlines how the international community and parties to the conflict in Afghanistan are neglecting and violating established commitments to protect students, teachers and educational facilities in armed conflict.

    PDF icon briefingnote-educationunderattack.pdf
  • Return and displacement in Afghanistan

    Recently, 5 reports have been published by international NGOs and human rights organisations on the dire situation for Afghan returnees and IDPs. This paper provides a synthesis of the findings and recommendations of those reports which offer important, evidence-based insight into how to improve the situation in general and provide better policy responses to the protection and humanitarian assistance needs of Afghans being displaced or returning to their country.

    PDF icon Return and displacement in Afghanistan - March 2018.pdf
  • Policy Note: A Mapping Study - Institutional Mechanisms to Tackle Trafficking in Persons in Afghanistan

    This policy note summarizes the findings of a Mapping Study conducted by the Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit (AREU) and the Security Governance Group (SGG) in 2015 and 2016. It presents recommendations for the Afghan government as well as for the international community to take the necessary measures to build the capacity of the Afghan government and equip it with the required tools to make the response robust and comprehensive.

    PDF icon 1803E-Mapping-Study-Institutional-Mechanisms-to-Tackle-Trafficking-in-Persons-in-Afghanistan.pdf
  • Forced back to danger: asylum-seekers returned from Europe to Afghanistan

    This report examines the legality of returns to Afghanistan. It looks at the security and human rights situation in the country and at the experiences of some of those who have been returned by European countries. It contrasts data on the numbers of people being returned from Europe with information on conflict-related casualties and other dangers in Afghanistan, raising a number of questions about the decision-making processes of some European authorities.

    PDF icon ASA1168662017ENGLISH.PDF
  • EU Migration Policy and Returns: Case Study on Afghanistan

    ECRE's analysis of recent developments in EU policy on return of migrants to Afghanistan.

    PDF icon Returns-Case-Study-on-Afghanistan.pdf