Refugees & IDPs

  • Forced back to danger: asylum-seekers returned from Europe to Afghanistan

    This report examines the legality of returns to Afghanistan. It looks at the security and human rights situation in the country and at the experiences of some of those who have been returned by European countries. It contrasts data on the numbers of people being returned from Europe with information on conflict-related casualties and other dangers in Afghanistan, raising a number of questions about the decision-making processes of some European authorities.

    PDF icon ASA1168662017ENGLISH.PDF
  • EU Migration Policy and Returns: Case Study on Afghanistan

    ECRE's analysis of recent developments in EU policy on return of migrants to Afghanistan.

    PDF icon Returns-Case-Study-on-Afghanistan.pdf
  • Returning to Fragility: Exploring the link between conflict and returnees in Afghanistan

    Huge numbers of people are returning to Afghanistan – more than two million since 2015 – while the country is still highly fragile, with ongoing fighting and internal displacement in many areas and high levels of poverty. Oxfam’s field research in Herat, Kabul, Kunduz and Nangarhar finds that for as long as these conditions do not improve, a safe and dignified return cannot be guaranteed, and forced returns remain irresponsible. With more people returning on a daily basis, tensions are likely to grow and pressure on scarce resources will increase, exacerbating inequalities in this unstable and fragile country. Sending Afghans back to volatile areas will likely result only in more displacement and fragility.

    PDF icon rr-returning-fragility-afghanistan-310118-en.pdf
  • Escaping War: Where to next? The Challenges of IDP Protection in Afghanistan

    Displacement has been a feature of Afghanistan’s humanitarian crisis for decades, yet a new study by NRC, IDMC and Samuel Hall reveals how intensifying conflict across the country has caused a sharp escalation in the numbers of IDPs across the country.

    PDF icon nrc_idp_escaping-war_where-to-next.pdf
  • Going 'home' to displacement: Afghanistan's returnee-IDPs

    This case study looks at the main challenges returnees in situations of internal displacement, known as returnee-IDPs, face in achieving durable solutions and examines how their protection and assistance needs differ from those of other IDPs.

    PDF icon 20171214-idmc-afghanistan-case-study.pdf
  • Partnerships in Conflict

    This report summarizes the findings of new research on the impact of violent conflict on civil society organizations (CSOs) and the implications for international actors who partner with them and includes a case study on Afghanistan. 

    PDF icon bn-partnerships-conflict-civil-society-301017-en.pdf
  • State of the world’s emergencies: A briefing for UK parliamentarians, October 2017

    This briefing has been put together by a significant number of international non-governmental organisations (NGOs) under the leadership of Bond’s Humanitarian and Conflict Policy groups. These NGOs are either actively operational in these contexts or working to raise awareness in the UK of the challenges faced by people experiencing humanitarian disasters, conflict and upheaval. Afghanistan is featured in a section of this report where it describes its fragility and its need for continuos international support. 

    PDF icon bond_state_of_the_worlds_emergencies_2017.pdf
  • Labour and Housing market systems in Nangarhar Province, Eastern Afghanistan (Complex Conflict, Displacement, and Returnee Influx) Emergency Market Mapping and Analysis

    This Emergency Market Mapping and Analysis (EMMA) was undertaken from March to April 2017 in Nangarhar by a team of Oxfam and AHEAD staff to understand the impacts of the repatriation of undocumented returnees and registered refugees from Pakistan into the province, in addition to persons forcibly displaced – IDPs, on two critical market systems: income earning from casual labour, and housing. 

    PDF icon Oxfam_EMMA_Nangarhar_Report_May_2017.pdf
  • USIP: The Afghan Refugee Crisis in 2016, February 2017

    During 2016, unprecedented numbers (hundreds of thousands) of Afghan refugees from Pakistan and Iran returned to Afghanistan.  The Afghan government and aid agencies have struggled to support these people who add to another 1 million internally displaced people. This United States Institute of Peace report highlights the growing humanitarian crisis and security issues, as well as the economic strain faced by the returnees and state. 

    PDF icon USIP-The-Afghan-Refugee-Crisis-in-2016.pdf
  • HRW: Pakistan coercion, UN complicity, February 2017

    Human Rights Watch's report—based on 115 interviews with refugee returnees in Afghanistan and Afghan refugees and undocumented Afghans in Pakistan, and further corroborated by UN reports that present the reasons thousands of Afghans gave for coming home—documents how Pakistan’s pressure on Afghan refugees left many of them with no choice but to leave Pakistan in 2016. Further HRW criticise UNHCR for failing to condemn Pakistan's approach, and also questions their financial support to returnees. 

    PDF icon HRW pakistan returnees 0217_web.pdf
  • WRN: Afghanistan's internally displaced women - complex realities, September 2016

    The Women's Regional Network documented the everyday realities of internally displaced Afghan women, as they cope with disrupted livelihoods, divided families and destroyed homesteads. WRN conducted a study among the IDP population in Kabul. Conversations with the IDP population reveals several shortfalls in the National Policy with regards to addressing the needs of longterm IDPs in Kabul. Their report highlights issues such as child labour, health and hygiene, and rights violations.  This report contains recommendations, as does the attached recommendations specific to the Brussels Conference on Afghanistan in October 2016. 

    PDF icon WRN_Internally displaced womenSEPT2016_web.pdf, PDF icon WRN Afghanistan document for Brussels on IDP women.pdf
  • UNHCR: This is who we are, October 2016

    Amidst the unprecedented numbers of refugees and migrants arriving in Europe in 2015 there was also a high number of unaccompanied and separated children (UASC). More than half of these were Afghan nationals.This study was conducted in collaboration with the Swedish Migration Agency. It aims to provide an overview of who these Afghan UASC are, what made them decide to undertake such a long and difficult journey, what happened along the way, and why they ultimately chose Sweden as their destination.While UASC leaving from Afghanistan stated security-related reasons, including conflict and violence, as their primary reason for leaving, UASC leaving from Iran primarily referred to discrimination and lack of documentation. Economic reasons were only mentioned by a small fraction of all UASC interviewed. They reported experiencing acute distress and severe protection incidents in Iran, Turkey and throughout the Balkan route. 

    PDF icon UNHCR ThisIsWhoWeAre.pdf
  • UNICEF: Humanitarian Sit Rep 3, October 2016

    Since OCHA launched its Returnees Flash Appeal in September, Unicef and other agencies have been responding to the staggering number of Afghans crossing back into the country from Pakistan, Iran and further afield. By early October, there are 7,400 people crossing the border every day.  Many require health and nutrition support, whilst education and child protection interventions are also a priority. 

    PDF icon UNICEF Afghanistan Humanitarian Situation Report #3 - 12 October 2016.pdf
  • OCHA: Flash Appeal - One Million People on the Move, September 2016

    With over 5,000 displaced Afghans returning from Pakistan each day in recent weeks, UN OCHA has launched an emergency flash appeal for funds to respond to this growing humanitarian crisis. The humanitarian impact of prolonged conflict in Afghanistan is severe. More than 1.1 million people have been displaced from their homes by the conflict, including more than 245,000 people since the beginning of 2016. As the conflict ensues, humanitarian needs are increasing and access constraints have escalated. Meanwhile political decisions in Pakistan have seen many Afghan refugees forced to return at unprecedented rates. 

    PDF icon OCHA afg_2016_flash_appeal_web.pdf
  • IRC: Afghan refugees and the European refugee crisis, July 2016

    Afghan refugees make up 21% of the over 1 million refugees who have fled to Europe since January 2015, fleeing a country with a worsening security situation and few prospects for its people. This briefing focuses on Afghan refugees and the European Refugee Crisis, and the continued conflict in the country from which they fled. In the briefing the IRC calls for action in four areas:1. Ensure a fair, thorough and effective asylum process for all nationalities2. Expand relocation to Afghans and accelerate family unity transfers from Greece to other EU countries3. Ensure Afghans and other non-Syrians in Turkey have meaningful access to temporary protection4. Commit to an expanded resettlement programme and safe alternative pathways into Europe

    PDF icon IRC European Refugee Crisis - Afghanistan briefing final (1).pdf

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