Refugees & IDPs

  • BAAG: Migration & Development - The Case of Afghanistan, February 2016

    As part of our Media4Development programme, BAAG organised a policy-makers and development practitioners roundtable. The BAAG and RUSI Roundtable explored the causes of Afghan migration and asked why development efforts in Afghanistan are failing the Afghan people. Moreover, it raised the question of whether development aid is an appropriate tool for reducing migration and extremism and what are its limits? The report presents the main discussion points and recommendations. 

    PDF icon BAAG_ReportFeb2016_FInal.pdf
  • UNHCR: Mid Year Trends 2015, December 2015

    With almost a million people having crossed the Mediterranean as refugees and migrants so far in 2015, and conflicts in Syria, Afghanistan and elsewhere continuing to generate staggering levels of human suffering, 2015 is likely to exceed all previous records for global forced displacement, UNHCR warn this report. Covering the period from January to end June, the report looks at worldwide displacement resulting from conflict and persecution. The global refugee total, which a year ago was 19.5 million, had as of mid-2015 passed the 20 million threshold (20.2 million) for the first time since 1992. Asylum applications were meanwhile up 78 per cent (993,600) over the same period in 2014. And the numbers of internally displaced people jumped by around 2 million to an estimated 34 million.

    PDF icon UNHRC 2015-12-18_MY displacement.pdf
  • HRW: “What Are You Doing Here?” Police Abuses Against Afghans in Pakistan, Nov. 2015

    Hostility towards Afghans living in Pakistan is not new, but it increased dramatically after the so-called Pakistani Taliban, Tehreek-i-Taliban Pakistan, attacked the Army Public School in Peshawar on December 16, 2014, killing 145 people, including 132 children. Since then, Pakistani police have carried out raids on Afghan settlements, detained, harassed, and beaten Afghan men, extorted bribes, and demolished Afghan homes. Every Afghan interviewed by Human Rights Watch who had returned to Afghanistan said that fear of the police was the reason they had done so. Afghans remaining in Pakistan described a repeated pattern of arbitrary detention, extortion, and intimidation. Both registered and undocumented Afghans have been the victims of Pakistani police abuse.

    PDF icon pakistan1115_4up.pdf
  • OCHA: Humanitarian Response Plan Mid Year Review, August 2015

    OCHA - the UN's Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs - review the humanitarian situation against their 2015 plan, highlighting increased conflict-related casualties and displacements (both of Afghans and Pakistani refugees escaping prolonged military operations in North Waziristan). In 2015 so far, 103,000 people have been displaced and 107,000 affected by natural disasters.  Yet response levels vary, with many far below their targets (WASH activities have reached only 23% of their target 1.9 million people). Only 38% of the funding required for all response activities has so far been received.  

    PDF icon OCHA 2015 mid year review.pdf
  • OCHA: Humanitarian Bulletin, July 2015

    This report focusses on the needs of IDPs and returnees, since numbers of returnees into eastern Afghanistan for the first 6 months of 2015 already exceeds the total number recorded in 2014. The unprecedented rate of return is overwhelming the capacity of humanitarian actors to assist returning populations.  The bulletin also highlights an upcoming Samuel Hall study which finds that returnees are comparatively less vulnerable compared to internally displaced persons.

    PDF icon OCHA-June2015-Humanitarian-Bulletin.pdf
  • Samuel Hall: Agency & Choice among the Displaced, July 2015

    Samuel Hall's research explores issues in the decision-making processes for IDPs and returnees in both urban and rural areas and comments on the livelihood situation of both groups. It notes that incentives for refugees to return to Afghanistan appear to be diminishing and are now largely driven by a combination of push factors and emotional rather than material considerations.  Urbanisation is also considered, with findings showing that urban areas are seen to offer greater employment opportunities, security and public services, while those living in rural areas are likely to have been attracted by ethnic ties, the presence of friends, relatives, and cheaper accommodation. A set of recommendations for organisations working with the target communities follows, along with the need for concrete steps in the near future.

    PDF icon SH - Agency choice displaced July 2015.pdf
  • IDMC: Global Estimates People displaced by disasters 2015, July 2015

    The Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre, along with the Norwegian Refugee Council, present their annual report.  This one points to the man-made factors that drive an overall increasing trend in disaster displacement, like rapid economic development, urbanisation and population growth in hazard prone areas, arguing that these drivers are increasing the number of people becoming displaced, and the risk that their displacement becomes a long-term problem.  The report includes a spotlight on Afghanistan, highlighting the multiple hazards in conflict-affected and fragile states. 

    PDF icon IDMC-global-estimates-2015.pdf
  • IDMC: New and long-term IDPs risk becoming neglected as conflict intensifies, July 2015

    IDMC estimates that as of the end of June 2015, six months after the withdrawal of the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF), at least 948,000 people were living in displacement as a result of conflict and violence. The figure includes around 103,000 people newly displaced in the first six months of 2015.IDPs struggle to meet specific needs resulting from their displacement, in particular when it comes to accessing water, food, adequate housing and employment. These challenges are most pronounced in areas where they are inaccessible or invisible to humanitarian responders and as their displacement becomes more protracted.

    PDF icon IDMC afghanistan-overview-Jul15.pdf
  • UNHCR: Global Trends in Forced Migration 2014, June 2015

    2014 saw the highest global forced displacement on record: 59.5 million individuals were forcibly displaced worldwide as a result of persecution, conflict, generalized violence, or human rights violations. This is 8.3 million persons more than the year before (51.2 million) and the highest annual increase in a single year. More than half (53%) of all refugees worldwide came from just three countries: the Syrian Arab Republic (3.88 million), Afghanistan (2.59 million), and Somalia (1.11 million).  Afghanistan remains the worlds largest protracted refugee crisis (see pg13 of the report).

    PDF icon UNHCR Global Trends 2015.pdf
  • HRW: The Mediterranean Migration Crisis, June 2015

    Human rights abuses in their home countries are the driving force behind the surge in boat migration in the Mediterranean to reach Europe, report Human Rights Watch. The first half of 2015 has seen a huge increase in the number of refugees and asylum seekers risking their lives in overcramped boats.  HRW has interviewed over 150 such people, the majority of whom come from Afghanistan, Syria and Somalia.  Their stories reveal the extent of rights abuses and violence in all three countries.  The report also calls on the EU to respond to their needs and rights in seeking refuge and asylum. 

    PDF icon HRW Mediterranean Crisis Jun15.pdf
  • OCHA: Major conflict-induced displacements, June 2015

    The start of the traditional spring fighting season has caused significant population movements in the Northern and Western regions, specifically in Badakhshan, Bagdhis and Kunduz provinces. Smaller scale conflict displacement has also been recorded in Baghlan, Farah, Faryab, Ghor, Herat, Jawzjan and Sar-e-pul Provinces.

    PDF icon OCHA afg_conflict_displacement_Jun2015.pdf
  • IDMC: Global Overview 2015, May 2015

    The Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) and Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) present their annual report on internal displacements.  Afghanistan, covered in the South Asia section, saw an increase in IDPs from 631,000 in 2013 to 805,400 by December 2014.  As in previous years, much of Afghanistan's new displacement took place in the south and east. The document provides commentary on protection issues, durable solutions and the national and international response.  It also includes a special report on how displacement affects livelihoods and a section on protracted internal displacement. 

    PDF icon NRC IDMC global-overview-2015.pdf
  • NRC: Listening to women & girls displaced to urban Afghanistan, March 2015

    The findings of this report, by Norwegian Refugee Council and The Liaison Office, confound the common assumption that urban women and girls should be more able – in a supposedly more secure and progressive urban environment with a concentration of service providers – to access services and employment and social opportunities than prior to their displacement. This research found the opposite, showing that displacement places women and children at disproportionate risk, living with fewer freedoms and opportunities than those they enjoyed in their natal villages or when living in Pakistan or Iran. The report presents findings of research in three informal settlements in Jalalabad, Kabul and Kandahar.

    PDF icon NRC - displaced women & girls Mar15.pdf
  • UNHCR: Towards Self-Reliance & Sustainable Reintegration - Solutions for Afghan Refugees, November 2014

    The statistics on Afghanistan's refugee situation are staggering - 1 in 5 Afghans in the country has been a refugee, 1 in 5 refugees around the world are Afghan. UNHCR runs the programme for reintegration of returning refugess in Afghanistan.  The Afghan government and international community have previously committed to the returnee process in both the TMAF and the Solutions Strategy for Afghan Refugees (SSAR).  However both are beset with problems.  UNHCR's paper calls upon the participants of December's London Conference on Afghanistan to focus on the needs of returnees and IDPs. 

    PDF icon UNHCR London Conference Position Paper FINAL.pdf
  • IMC: Livelihoods needs assessment at returnee sites, August 2014

    IMC - the International Medical Corp - has long worked in the settlements for Afghan returnees in the Eastern region.  From 2010 to 2012 they delivered vocational training and literacy programmes. In order to effectively respond to the community’s current needs, IMC initiated a focus group discussion in the returnee sites of Nangarhar and Kunar.  Their findings revealed that returnees in the assessed sites have a very low income (e.g. between $70-80 a month), which has further dropped due to insecurity and election dilemma.  Due to a lack of jobs, the returnees’ food intake is low and there are cases where children have dropped out of school and are now engaged in child labor.  Overall, most of the returnees believe they had a better life while they were living as refugees in Pakistan compared to living in their own country.

    PDF icon IMC returnee livelihoods assessment Afghanistan.pdf

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