Refugees & IDPs

  • Samuel Hall: Agency & Choice among the Displaced, July 2015

    Samuel Hall's research explores issues in the decision-making processes for IDPs and returnees in both urban and rural areas and comments on the livelihood situation of both groups. It notes that incentives for refugees to return to Afghanistan appear to be diminishing and are now largely driven by a combination of push factors and emotional rather than material considerations.  Urbanisation is also considered, with findings showing that urban areas are seen to offer greater employment opportunities, security and public services, while those living in rural areas are likely to have been attracted by ethnic ties, the presence of friends, relatives, and cheaper accommodation. A set of recommendations for organisations working with the target communities follows, along with the need for concrete steps in the near future.

    PDF icon SH - Agency choice displaced July 2015.pdf
  • UNHCR: Global Trends in Forced Migration 2014, June 2015

    2014 saw the highest global forced displacement on record: 59.5 million individuals were forcibly displaced worldwide as a result of persecution, conflict, generalized violence, or human rights violations. This is 8.3 million persons more than the year before (51.2 million) and the highest annual increase in a single year. More than half (53%) of all refugees worldwide came from just three countries: the Syrian Arab Republic (3.88 million), Afghanistan (2.59 million), and Somalia (1.11 million).  Afghanistan remains the worlds largest protracted refugee crisis (see pg13 of the report).

    PDF icon UNHCR Global Trends 2015.pdf
  • HRW: The Mediterranean Migration Crisis, June 2015

    Human rights abuses in their home countries are the driving force behind the surge in boat migration in the Mediterranean to reach Europe, report Human Rights Watch. The first half of 2015 has seen a huge increase in the number of refugees and asylum seekers risking their lives in overcramped boats.  HRW has interviewed over 150 such people, the majority of whom come from Afghanistan, Syria and Somalia.  Their stories reveal the extent of rights abuses and violence in all three countries.  The report also calls on the EU to respond to their needs and rights in seeking refuge and asylum. 

    PDF icon HRW Mediterranean Crisis Jun15.pdf
  • OCHA: Major conflict-induced displacements, June 2015

    The start of the traditional spring fighting season has caused significant population movements in the Northern and Western regions, specifically in Badakhshan, Bagdhis and Kunduz provinces. Smaller scale conflict displacement has also been recorded in Baghlan, Farah, Faryab, Ghor, Herat, Jawzjan and Sar-e-pul Provinces.

    PDF icon OCHA afg_conflict_displacement_Jun2015.pdf
  • IDMC: Global Overview 2015, May 2015

    The Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) and Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) present their annual report on internal displacements.  Afghanistan, covered in the South Asia section, saw an increase in IDPs from 631,000 in 2013 to 805,400 by December 2014.  As in previous years, much of Afghanistan's new displacement took place in the south and east. The document provides commentary on protection issues, durable solutions and the national and international response.  It also includes a special report on how displacement affects livelihoods and a section on protracted internal displacement. 

    PDF icon NRC IDMC global-overview-2015.pdf
  • NRC: Listening to women & girls displaced to urban Afghanistan, March 2015

    The findings of this report, by Norwegian Refugee Council and The Liaison Office, confound the common assumption that urban women and girls should be more able – in a supposedly more secure and progressive urban environment with a concentration of service providers – to access services and employment and social opportunities than prior to their displacement. This research found the opposite, showing that displacement places women and children at disproportionate risk, living with fewer freedoms and opportunities than those they enjoyed in their natal villages or when living in Pakistan or Iran. The report presents findings of research in three informal settlements in Jalalabad, Kabul and Kandahar.

    PDF icon NRC - displaced women & girls Mar15.pdf
  • UNHCR: Towards Self-Reliance & Sustainable Reintegration - Solutions for Afghan Refugees, November 2014

    The statistics on Afghanistan's refugee situation are staggering - 1 in 5 Afghans in the country has been a refugee, 1 in 5 refugees around the world are Afghan. UNHCR runs the programme for reintegration of returning refugess in Afghanistan.  The Afghan government and international community have previously committed to the returnee process in both the TMAF and the Solutions Strategy for Afghan Refugees (SSAR).  However both are beset with problems.  UNHCR's paper calls upon the participants of December's London Conference on Afghanistan to focus on the needs of returnees and IDPs. 

    PDF icon UNHCR London Conference Position Paper FINAL.pdf
  • IMC: Livelihoods needs assessment at returnee sites, August 2014

    IMC - the International Medical Corp - has long worked in the settlements for Afghan returnees in the Eastern region.  From 2010 to 2012 they delivered vocational training and literacy programmes. In order to effectively respond to the community’s current needs, IMC initiated a focus group discussion in the returnee sites of Nangarhar and Kunar.  Their findings revealed that returnees in the assessed sites have a very low income (e.g. between $70-80 a month), which has further dropped due to insecurity and election dilemma.  Due to a lack of jobs, the returnees’ food intake is low and there are cases where children have dropped out of school and are now engaged in child labor.  Overall, most of the returnees believe they had a better life while they were living as refugees in Pakistan compared to living in their own country.

    PDF icon IMC returnee livelihoods assessment Afghanistan.pdf
  • IDMC: As humanitarian space shrinks, IDP policy must be implemented, June 2014

    Internal displacement is on the rise in Afghanistan, as insecurity threatens or affects various provinces.  In November 2013 the National IDP Policy was adopted by the Afghan government.  Sadly, implementation of the policy since then has stalled due to lack of political will and capacity on the part of the Ministry of Refugees and Repatriation (MoRR).This comprehensive report by the International Displacement Monitoring Centre and Norwegian Refugee Council highlights the various causes of displacement in Afghanistan, the protection concerns faced by IDPs and suggests durable solutions for national and international agencies. 

    PDF icon IDMC-afghanistan-IDPS overview-en.pdf
  • Forced Migration Review: Afghanistan's displaced people, May 2014

    This Afghanistan edition of Forced Migration Review presents 21 articles addressing the various issues of displacement facing Afghans currently and in the future.  In addition there are 5 articles specifically on statelessness. It will be available free of charge in print and online in English, Dari and Pashto. To read it online and/or to request print copies, please visit www.fmreview.org/afghanistan, or download the English pdf below. 

    PDF icon FMR afghanistans displaced people May2014.pdf
  • IOM: Displacement Dynamics, May 2014

    According to estimates from UNHCR, there are nearly 620,000 IDPs across Afghanistan, 20 per cent of whom were displaced within the last year.“Migration is a precursor of, and a way to cope with, economic and social phenomena,” said IOM Afghanistan Chief of Mission Richard Danziger. “The goal of this study was to identify the various drivers of migration, highlighting push and pull factors that need to be addressed to ensure that mobility does not contribute to further instability.” The study, funded by the Federal Republic of Germany and conducted by Samuel Hall Consulting, covers the provinces of Herat and Helmand, which have some of the highest levels of IDP vulnerability as identified by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) in the 2013 Humanitarian Needs Overview Report.

    PDF icon IOM-Afghanistan-displacement dynamics.pdf
  • UNHCR: Voluntary Return & Internal Displacement reports, March 2014

    UNHCR provide monthly updates on both displaced people and voluntary refugee returns.  Read the March reports here.  You can request to be added to their monthly distribution list by contacting Jacqueline Parry at parry@unhcr.org

    PDF icon VolRep_Border Monitoring_Monthly_Update_Mar_2014.pdf, PDF icon Monthly IDP report_Mar_2014.pdf
  • IDMC: Still at Risk, February 2014

    This report by the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC), part of the Norwegian Refugee Council, explores the issue of forced eviction of Afghan refugees and returnees.  It finds that over 57,000 people have suffered forced eviction, with very few provisions made for them.  Laws adopted by the Afghan government in November, which provide provisions for preventing forced evictions and mitigating the harm and suffering they cause, should go some way to reducing this problem. 

    PDF icon Still at risk.pdf
  • UNHCR: Pakistan - Afghan Refugees, February 2014

    UNHCR and OCHA provide an overview of the protracted Afghan refugee situation in Pakistan, where 1.61 Afghan refugees have been registered.  The Pakistan Government have recently started to reissue Proof of Registration cards to these refugees.  UN agencies, through the Refugee Affected and Hosting Areas (RAHA) programme launched in 2009,  have carried out 2,027 projects for the benefit of some 4 million people, of whom 15 per cent are Afghan refugees. These projects are undertaken in 41 districts in Balochistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab and Sindh provinces and five agencies in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA). These initiatives cover health, education, water and sanitation, community infrastructure (including irrigation and farm-to-market roads), environment and, to a limited extent, livelihoods sectors. Urban development was included in 2013.

    PDF icon Pakistan Humanitarian Dashboard_Afghan Refugees February 2014.pdf
  • Samuel Hall: “A Study of Poverty, Food Security and Resilience in Afghan Cities, 2014

    This study was funded by the European Union and conducted by Samuel Hall, DRC (Danish Refugee Council) and PIN (People in Need). It provides new insights into the nature, level and complexity of poverty, food security and resilience issues among urban households in Afghanistan. It compares the experiences of host communities, IDPs and returnees across the five major Afghan cities and provides evidence-based recommendations for practical action and policy reform to more effectively address urban poverty.

    PDF icon SH DRC-PIN-Urban-Poverty-Report.pdf

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